AstraZeneca to cut another 7,350 jobs as patents expire

AstraZeneca has set out plans to fire another 7,350 staff, after admitting that revenues would fall this year as blockbuster drugs fall out of patent and governments demand discounted deals.

Britain's second-biggest drug maker employs 8,000 in the UK, mainly at its R&D site in Cheshire. About 300 jobs are likely to go there.

The pharma giant has culled 21,600 jobs in the last four years, but the failure of new drugs is seeing it pare back costs further, with it hoping to save just over £1bn a year by 2014 with the latest job cuts.

"This is a blow to Britain's research and development base," said Linda McCulloch of the Unite union. "If the company can afford a 10 per cent hike in its dividends, then it can afford to retain these roles."

Astra said that during 2011 it lost almost $2bn (£1.3bn) in revenues after blockbuster drugs faced generic competition. Its heartburn drug Nexium fell out of patent in Europe, and the $1.5bn-a-year cancer drug Arimidex also saw cheaper rivals enter the market. But the full impact of Astra's "patent cliff" is yet to be seen. Nexium and Seroquel, the pharma giant's best-selling bipolar drug, brought in combined revenues of $10.2bn last year, and both will have generic competitors in the massive US market from 2014.

The drugmaker said it was also suffering from governments in Europe and the US cutting their drugs bill. Astra said it lost $1bn last year because of "the impact of government price interventions".

However, Astra still managed to increase revenues by 1 per cent to $33.6bn in 2011. Pre-tax profit grew 13 per cent at $12.3bn.

It admitted it expects 2012 revenues to fall in the "low double-digit range". David Brennan, chief executive, said: "The further expected losses of market exclusivity make for a challenging 2012 outlook."

AstraZeneca is begin a $4.5bn share buyback scheme and raise its dividend by 10 per cent.

The shares fell more than 3 per cent, by 105.5p, to 2984p.