European governments seek to limit powers of rating agencies
Ministers fear summary downgrades could threaten economic stability in the eurozone
Sunday 23 October 2011
European governments and the credit-rating agencies are heading for a showdown. While the rating firms threaten further damaging downgrades to eurozone country loans, the European Commission is planning punishing regulations to curb the agencies' power.
The clash is the backdrop for today's European Council meeting in Brussels, when eurozone ministers will thrash out their position for the G20 summit in Cannes in 11 days' time.
The commission will this week ask its President, José Manuel Barroso, to consider banning agencies from rating countries, such as Greece and Portugal, which have been bailed out. The hope is that preventing downgrades will limit the damage.
Then, shortly after the Cannes summit, the commission will publish proposals that could make agencies liable for "incorrect" ratings and require them to give governments three days' notice of changes in their debt assessment, rather than the current 12-hour warning.
The moves come as the three main agencies – Standard & Poor's, Moody's and Fitch – continue to reassess eurozone sovereign debt. The credit ratings of Portugal, Spain and Italy have already been cut; Belgium's was put under review last week and Moody's warned that France risks losing its top AAA rating. The agency has already slashed Greece to CA.
The ratings – agencies' opinions of borrowers' creditworthiness – affect the cost of issuing new debt, and France's rose by 0.6 per cent last week.
The EU has recently passed laws requiring credit-rating agencies to be registered and allowing them to be fined. But the Commissioner for Internal Markets, Michel Barnier, said last week: "Although the existing legislation is a step in the right direction, the eurozone debt crisis has highlighted the need for more to be done."
His new proposals follow consultations conducted over the past year. He is concerned that investors rely too much on agencies' ratings rather than their own assessments. Mr Barnier also questions their independence when the company or country issuing the bonds pays for the ratings. He is promising an overhaul of legislation this autumn.
The agencies oppose many of the proposals, especially giving governments an extended warning that their rating will be cut. A Standard & Poor's spokesman said: "The commission proposal for a three-day notice period could undermine the independence and timeliness of sovereign ratings, creating more uncertainty for investors. It may also increase the risk of market abuse."
But Mr Barnier is considering going further, by banning ratings for bailed-out countries. "The commission believes there should be a debate as to whether it would make sense to suspend ratings of countries who benefit from an internationally agreed aid package," he said. "We will be asking the President to consider scheduling a debate on this issue, and others relating the credit-rating agencies."
The President, born in Portugal, is likely to be sympathetic, having criticised the rating agencies when they downgraded his country this summer. But the conflict between EU ministers and the agencies means some fear the firms are under pressure to avoid downgrading troubled countries in the hope the legislation will be relaxed – or that they will be punished with tougher laws.
A Standard & Poor's spokesman said: "We recognise that our views are sometimes unwelcome to the issuers we rate and to officials; but if our opinion of creditworthiness changes, it is our duty to investors to say it as we see it. This is very clearly what we have been continuing to do in recent weeks and months."
Despite the pressure, Moody's last week warned France that it risks a downgrade. Senior credit officer Alexander Kockerbeck said the government's debt is now among the weakest of AAA-rated countries such as the UK, Germany and US. Although France's ability to service its debt is high, he said the country will be affected by investors' confidence.
"France may face a number of challenges in the coming months – for example, the possible need to provide additional support to other European sovereigns or to its own banking system," he said. "The French government now has less room for manoeuvre in terms of stretching its balance sheet than it had in 2008."
The attacks on credit-rating agencies come as their own finances are stretched. On Thursday, McGraw Hill, US owner of Standard & Poor's, reported a 6.1 per cent fall in the subsidiary's third-quarter operating profit. The chairman, Harold McGraw III, partly blamed the eurozone crisis. European corporate issues fell by 52 per cent compared with last year, and high-yield issues – junk bonds – by 76 per cent. Income from new US bonds has fallen 45 per cent since S&P downgraded Washington's debt from AAA this summer.
Board creates magnetic field to achieve lift
Like Madonna, Sister Cristina Scuccia's video is also set in Venice
Singer says the track was 'force-fed down people's throats'
techThe original free dating app will remain the same, developers say
Endangered species spotted in a creek in the Qinling mountains
Trend which requires crisps, a fork and a strong stomach is sweeping Mexico's streets
Some experiencing postnatal depression don't realise there is a problem. What can be done?
- 2 Banksy arrest hoax: Internet duped by fake online report claiming artist's identity has been revealed
- 3 Drink alcohol and eat meat to improve male fertility - but cut down on coffee, studies suggest
Ukraine crisis: Donetsk 'tactical missile' explosion at factory sends blast wave across rebel-held city
Jack the Ripper: Scientist who claims to have identified notorious killer has 'made serious DNA error'
Oscar de la Renta dead: Legendary US fashion designer dies after long cancer battle aged 82
Banksy arrest hoax: Internet duped by fake online report claiming artist's identity has been revealed
Super-sized ships arrive in Britain: How big can they get?
Cameron is warned 'no possibility' of UK reducing immigration and that bid to bring in quota on migrant workers would be illegal
Residents should throw a street party and mix with immigrant neighbours, councils told
Russell Brand threatened with arrest after filming outside Fox News headquarters
London bus driver 'kicks gay couple off for kissing'
Lord Freud: Tory welfare minister apologises after saying disabled people are 'not worth’ the minimum wage
Lord Freud hangs on as MPs of all parties 'call for his head' over disability comments
iJobs Money & Business
£23000 - £26000 Per Annum: Clearwater People Solutions Ltd: Our client is curr...
£25 - 30k: Guru Careers: A Corporate Actions Administrator / Operations Admini...
£18 - 23k + Benefits: Guru Careers: We are seeking a Customer Service Executiv...
£60 - 65k + Benefits: Guru Careers: We are seeking a ASP.NET Web Developer / ....