Outlook: Interest rates
Wednesday 03 November 1999
Certainly, a lot of the indicators discussed in previous MPC meetings and flagged up in the minutes are pointing to the need for higher borrowing costs. The economy as a whole has recovered faster than anyone expected, and growth earlier this year was higher than first estimated. Growth in the third quarter was well above its long run trend, which is fine for a while but eventually adds to inflationary pressure. House price inflation is meanwhile beginning to spiral out of control.
There are also signs of pressure in the jobs market. With no pause in the downward march of the unemployment total, and many pockets of full employment, earnings growth is accelerating. If it stays above 4.5 per cent, the inflation target will be under considerable threat.
However, even the fiercest hawk would admit that prices are behaving remarkably well for this stage of the business cycle. Signs of inflation would, in the past, have emerged much earlier. It would be silly to dismiss the likelihood that factors such as competition, consumer resistance to price hikes, the exotica of Internet shopping and so on have fundamentally improved the inflationary outlook. Then there is the strong pound, which has done so much to keep costs and import price levels down.
These influences make a split vote on the MPC this time a racing certainty. Still, another small and early rate rise will do little to damage the chances of healthy growth, and would insure against rising inflation in future.
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