John Malone, the veteran US cable mogul, sealed a deal he’s been chasing for two years yesterday as Charter Communications agreed a $55bn (£36bn) takeover of its larger rival Time Warner Cable.
The merger between Charter and Time Warner Cable will also roll up the smaller cable operator Bright House, which Charter has already agreed to buy for $10.4bn, and would result in a company with more than 23.9 million subscribers across 41 states.
That would leave the new company in a position to challenge the largest US operator, Comcast – which has 27 million broadband and cable TV customers.
That Mr Malone, 74, has long coveted Time Warner Cable is no secret. Charter, which Mr Malone’s Liberty Broadband controls with a 26 per cent stake, attempted several friendly approaches in 2013. Their rebuttal resulted in a hostile bid from Charter that also failed when Comcast acted as a “white knight” and attempted to merge with Time Warner Cable.
But Comcast’s merger was blocked a month ago by the Department of Justice (DoJ) and the US Federal Communications Commission (FCC), which argued it was not in consumers’ interests.
The proposed deal is also likely to go through a lengthy review process at the FCC and DoJ, although according to industry analysts it may have a better chance of getting approval from regulators.
The FCC objected to the largest and second-largest cable television companies merging, which would have resulted in one company controlling more than half of the US residential cable television market. In contrast, Charter, although the number four in US market, starts out with just under 6 million residential subscribers.
Nonetheless, the FCC was quick to comment on the deal yesterday. “The commission will look to see how American consumers would benefit if the deal were to be approved,” its chairman Tom Wheeler said. “In applying the public interest test, an absence of harm is not sufficient.”
Shares in Time Warner Cable jumped nearly 4 per cent in afternoon trade, to $177.51, below Charter’s $195.71 cash and paper offer, suggesting investor concerns about regulatory hurdles. The bid, which is being financed with $31bn debt, will see a new company New Charter, trading under the brand Spectrum.
If successful, the deal would once again make Mr Malone the most powerful individual player in the US cable market – even if cable is losing its grip on American television viewers thanks to streaming services like Netflix, Amazon and Apple. However, cable networks are still seen as lucrative assets because of their ability to provide high-speed internet access.
“This deal is about the pipeline,” Neil Campling, an analyst at Aviate Global, said. “In areas where broadband internet and fibre has not been rolled out, cable offers some of the best speeds.”
Mr Malone made his name as the “King of Cable” by using debt-financed acquisitions to turn a small cable company, Tele-Communications Inc, into the largest cable TV operator in the US in the early 1980s, before selling out to the telecoms giant AT&T.
He then began to focus on acquiring European assets via Liberty Global. This business owns 6.4 per cent of ITV and all of Virgin Media, among other European cable and telecommunication assets.
Mr Malone has also said he would like to do a deal with Vodafone, which beat him in the bidding war for Germany’s Kabel Holding in 2013.Reuse content