The Latest News From The Motley Fool: Hooked on the internet

The Motley Fool started as an irreverent investment newsletter and has grown to become one of the most popular personal finance and investment websites. Anyone who follows its philosophy is called a 'Foolish investor'.

s Freeserve heads for flotation, internet companies are booming again. Freeserve, the free internet service provider (ISP) launched by Dixons just nine months ago, is expected to be valued at up to pounds 1.5bn at the issue price, so how should Foolish investors value these companies?

The short answer is we cannot. Internet commerce is such a new business, and the companies that trade in it are working to such innovative business models, that company valuation is perhaps the hardest game in town. Internet companies must eventually stand scrutiny of their profits, and their shares will be valued accordingly. But precious few of these companies are actually trying to make a profit; instead, they are concentrating on fast growth to capture market share as quickly as possible.

Remember the Netscape flotation? Four years ago Netscape was the first of these companies to go public. Its shares more than doubled in their first two days of trading, and since then prices for other internet companies have headed skywards.

No one knows whether this is a genuine opportunity for Foolish investors, or a hype-led bubble. But two things are certain - the internet is here to stay, and it will revolutionise the way we do business.

About a year ago, when there were very few internet companies around, almost any new flotation was guaranteed to reap handsome rewards for investors. But quite a few of those early stars have fallen back from their peak prices recently. So, as the number of companies to choose from increases, are investors becoming more discerning in their stock picking?

To get an idea of how poor the usual valuation benchmarks are at assessing internet companies, let's look at how the big players are faring in terms of valuation.

In terms of market capitalisation, the world's largest internet company by far, at around $130bn (pounds 83bn), is AOL. Its share price rose from its 52-week low of $17.25 to a peak, in early April, of $175.50.

Since then, it has fallen back to around $120. While still close to 600 per cent up since its low point, that represents a fall of more than 31 per cent since April.

AOL has some earnings too, albeit only half a dollar per share, giving it a price-to-earnings ratio (p/e) of around 240.

The share price of Yahoo!, at $31bn (only a quarter of the size of AOL), shows a similar story. From a low of $29.50, it rose to a majestic $244 before falling back to hover around the $150 mark. That is a 38 per cent fall since its peak, but still a nice little earner for those who bought in a year ago.

Yahoo! also has some real earnings, but at only 41c per share, the company's p/e stands at 366.46.

What about online auction house eBay, with a market capitalisation of $15.4bn? From a low of around $8.50 it peaked at $234 before falling back to the $120 mark - more than a 47 per cent slide. And earnings? Seven cents a share, for a p/e of 1,756.70.

Finally, everybody's favourite, Amazon.com. Market cap is $22.24bn; it had a 52-week low of $21; its high point was $221 until it fell to less than $140. That's a 38 per cent fall from its peak, but still more than 500 per cent up on its low point. And no profits yet.

Foolish investors should be able to see through all this talk of astronomical p/es, entertaining though it may be. When an expanding company first starts moving into profit, its earnings will start off very small and unrepresentative of future years, so its p/e will be pretty meaningless. A company cannot really be valued using its p/e until it has a few years of solid profits under its belt, and that is the hard one to call.

Internet commerce is far from mature, but it is still important to distinguish the winners from the losers. The business will become very competitive, and only good companies will succeed. In the not-too distant future, it will be necessary to identify the ones that have the right approach to long-term profitability in order to make good returns, rather than just loading up with any internet company that happens to come along - just like the Foolish approach to any other sector, really.

And it will be interesting to look back in 10 or 15 years and see how things have gone, and how this year's little ups and downs have faded into insignificance.

Motley Fool, www.fool.co.uk

FOOLISH TRIVIA The first five correct answers out of the hat win a super de luxe, black Fool baseball cap.

Which firm lost out in the recent battle for control of Allied Domecq's pubs and off licences? Answers by e-mail to: UKColumn@ fool.com or Motley Fool, 79 Baker Street, London W1. Last week's answer: BP Amoco.

MY DUMBEST INVESTMENT

I now think my dumbest investment might have been an endowment policy that I started last year. What do you think?

RK, Liverpool

The Fool responds: It can take up to seven years for the surrender value of an endowment (the amount of money you would get back if you closed it) to equal the amount of money invested. That is because of the charging structure, which takes a huge amount of money from you in the early years. You need to consider it carefully, but you would almost certainly be better off cancelling it, taking your loss so far, and investing your future instalments Foolishly - in a low-cost, index tracking fund, for example.

n Send us your smartest or dumbest investment story. If we publish it, you'll get a free copy of the 'Motley Fool UK Investment Guide'. E- mail to UKColumn @fool.com or snail mail to Motley Fool, 79 Baker Street, London W1M 1AJ.

ASK THE FOOL

Do I need to have a lot of money to start investing? What is the minimum I need to make a share purchase?

JC, Dorset

The Fool responds: It certainly isn't true that you need to be wealthy to start investing. If you want to make your own share selections and buy them directly, it is the charges you will face that are important. Execution-only brokers (the only kind the Motley Fool recommends) will typically charge around 1 per cent in commission, but with a minimum of around pounds 15 per trade. At this level, it is not very Foolish to go much below pounds 1,000 per trade, and many Foolish investors choose that as their minimum. You can invest sums much lower than pounds 1,000 by using a low-cost index-tracker fund. The best of these accept monthly savings, charge no commission when you buy and sell, and charge less than 1 per cent management fees per year.

n If we publish your question, you'll win a Fool baseball cap. E-mail UKColumn@fool.com or post to Motley Fool, 79 Baker Street, London W1M 1AJ.

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