What was so great about 1995?

Test your knowledge of the past year's triumphs and disasters. Compiled by Simon Pincombe

1 Who was Mary Ellen Synon referring to in March when she said: "I kept everything Roo touched - the envelopes on which he wrote my name, the ribbons that were tied around the books he gave me, even the leaders he wrote in The Economist ... I found him divine in everything."

2 Which departing chairman was forced to remove his personal belongings from his office at four o' clock on a February morning?

3 Which regulator wiped pounds 4.25bn off the value of shares in his sector and prompted one overseas institution to describe the City as "a financial banana republic'' ?

4 Who lost his employer $1.1bn? Was it:-

(a) Toshihide Iguchi

(b) Nick Leeson

(c) Kenneth Clarke

5 Who lost his employer $1.33bn? Was it:-

(a) Toshihide Iguchi

(b) Nick Leeson

(c) Kenneth Clarke.

6 Which actor does Nick Leeson want to play the role of Nick Leeson in the forthcoming Hollywood movie of the Barings disaster?

7 Who said of whom: "We would welcome them back - they have my phone number"?

8 Which Bank of England official failed to get the rise he wanted? Was it:-

(a) Eddie George

(b) Rupert Pennant-Rea

9 Which "fat cat" proved the last straw for the Government, sending Tim Eggar "incandescent'' with rage when he insisted on collecting an extra pounds 200,000 through a "special dividend''?

10 Which chief executive gave up bathing?

11 What happened when David Jones, chief executive of Sharelink, accused the London Stock Exchange of exploiting its monopoly powers on a BBC radio programme? The LSE had refused to supply real-time share prices over the internet.

12 How much in damages did the High Court award against the accountancy firm Binder Hamlyn earlier this month? And how much are each of the accountants personally liable for?

13 Who collapsed at the Maxwell trial after delivering the immortal line: "I'm sorry M'Lud this really isn't working...''?

14 Which famous US lawyer took tea with the Maxwell trial judge?

15 Who bought the Ritz?

16 Which firm of public relations advisers was publicly rebuked for breaching the Takeover Code and fired by its client?

17 1995 was a year of currency turbulence. Which of the following exchange rates has fallen the most in the past 12 months, and which the least?

(a) sterling's effective index against other major currencies?

(b) the Mexican peso against the dollar?

(c) the Italian lira against the German mark?

(d) the US dollar against the Yen

18 Who bought the Queen's jewellers, Asprey's?

19 The industrial nations started to tackle their budget deficits in 1995 - leading to a government shutdown in the US and demonstrations on the streets of Paris. Which OECD country has the biggest government deficit as a proportion of GDP?

20 The Wellcome trustees were not popular when they pledged their 39.5 per cent of the company to Glaxo during the pounds 9.4bn takeover bid in February. Some were personally threatened. What form did the threat take?

21 Whose shares jumped from just under pounds 5 in the summer to over pounds 26 earlier this month? And why?

22 Wall Street hit numerous successive highs this year. But what was the most spectacular performing share?

23 What is the average punt on the National Lottery?

24 Who produced a report which led to a snap change in the taxation of share options, a humiliating government climbdown, and drove its author to wear an apron bearing the words "If you can't stand the heat, get out of the kitchen" when he appeared before the Commons employment select committee?

The answers

1 Rupert Pennant-Rea, the deputy governor of the Bank of England, who resigned after their affair became public.

2 Maurice Saatchi on leaving the firm he founded with his brother.

3 Professor Stephen Littlechild, the electricity regulator, when he announced a crackdown on electricity prices on the first day of dealings in National Power and PowerGen.

4 (a) Toshihide Iguchi, the Daiwa Bank trader who perpetrated the biggest financial scandal ever on American soil.

5 (b) Nick Leeson, the Barings trader who perpetrated the biggest financial scandal ever on any soil.

6: Nick Berry, formerly of the BBC soap opera Eastenders.

7 Marcel Ospel, chief executive of SBC Warburg, following SBC's takeover of the UK investment bank which saw many key Warburg players defect to other banks.

8 (a) Eddie George - when the Chancellor overruled his request for a base rate rise in May.

9 David Jeffries, chief executive of the National Grid.

10 Trevor Newton, chief executive of Yorkshire Water (so he said).

11 The LSE sued him for defamation (only to climb down two weeks later).

12 pounds 105m and around pounds 250,000 each.

13 Michael Hill, QC.

14 OJ Simpson's lawyer, Johnny Cochran

15 The Barclay twins.

16 Financial Dynamics were fired by the construction company, Amec.

17 Most: (b) - fall of 55.6 per cent. Least: (c) - fall of 6.4 per cent (Sterling's index fell 7.7 per cent. The dollar has risen 1per cent against the yen).

18: Prince Jefri Bolkiah, the finance minister of Brunei.

19 Greece (-11.4 per cent in 1994, estimated at -9.5 per cent in 1995), followed by Sweden (-10.4 per cent 1994, -7.3 per cent 1993). US had -2 per cent of GDP deficit in 1994, France -6 per cent.

20 The trustees were sent a threatening letter and a phial containing an explosive substance. The letter accused the trustees of a "sell-out" and warned that the "normally passive workforce" had never resorted to force, but added "extreme measures demand extreme reprisals".

21 British Biotechnology - after one of its cancer drugs was found to stop some tumours in their tracks.

22 Netscape, a new company producing software for the Internet. It was floated at $28 a share, soared to above $70 within a day and now stands at about $130, giving it a capitalisation of more than $7bn, more than established computer groups such as Apple.

23 pounds 2 a week.

24: Sir Richard Greenbury, the Marks & Spencer chairman, who led the Confederation of British Industry's investigation into boardroom salaries.

Start your day with The Independent, sign up for daily news emails
Arts and Entertainment
Joe Cocker performing on the Stravinski hall stage during the Montreux Jazz Festival, in Montreux, Switzerland in 2002
musicHe 'turned my song into an anthem', says former Beatle
News
Clarke Carlisle
sport
Sport
footballStoke City vs Chelsea match report
Arts and Entertainment
theatreThe US stars who've taken to UK panto, from Hasselhoff to Hall
PROMOTED VIDEO
ebooks
ebooksA year of political gossip, levity and intrigue from the sharpest pen in Westminster
Life and Style
Approaching sale shopping in a smart way means that you’ll get the most out of your money
life + styleSales shopping tips and tricks from the experts
News
newsIt was due to be auctioned off for charity
News
Coca-Cola has become one of the largest companies in the world to push staff towards switching off their voicemails, in a move intended to streamline operations and boost productivity
peopleCoca-Cola staff urged to switch it off to boost productivity
Environment
Sir David Attenborough
environment... as well as a plant and a spider
Voices
'That's the legal bit done. Now on to the ceremony!'
voicesThe fight for marriage equality isn't over yet, says Siobhan Fenton
Latest stories from i100
Have you tried new the Independent Digital Edition apps?
Independent Dating
and  

By clicking 'Search' you
are agreeing to our
Terms of Use.

iJobs Job Widget
iJobs Money & Business

The Jenrick Group: Night Shift Operations Manager

£43500 per annum + pension + holidays: The Jenrick Group: Night Shift Operatio...

SThree: Trainee Recruitment Consultant - LONDON

£20000 - £25000 per annum + OTE £40,000 + Car + Pension: SThree: SThree are a ...

SThree: Trainee Recruitment Consultant

£20000 - £25000 per annum + OTE £35K: SThree: We consistently strive to be the...

SThree: Graduate Recruitment Consultant

£20000 - £25000 per annum + OTE £35000: SThree: SThree are a global FTSE 250 b...

Day In a Page

Isis in Iraq: Yazidi girls killing themselves to escape rape and imprisonment by militants

'Jilan killed herself in the bathroom. She cut her wrists and hanged herself'

Yazidi girls killing themselves to escape rape and imprisonment
Ed Balls interview: 'If I think about the deficit when I'm playing the piano, it all goes wrong'

Ed Balls interview

'If I think about the deficit when I'm playing the piano, it all goes wrong'
He's behind you, dude!

US stars in UK panto

From David Hasselhoff to Jerry Hall
Grace Dent's Christmas Quiz: What are you – a festive curmudgeon or top of the tree?

Grace Dent's Christmas Quiz

What are you – a festive curmudgeon or top of the tree?
Nasa planning to build cloud cities in airships above Venus

Nasa planning to build cloud cities in airships above Venus

Planet’s surface is inhospitable to humans but 30 miles above it is almost perfect
Surrounded by high-rise flats is a little house filled with Lebanon’s history - clocks, rifles, frogmen’s uniforms and colonial helmets

Clocks, rifles, swords, frogmen’s uniforms

Surrounded by high-rise flats is a little house filled with Lebanon’s history
Return to Gaza: Four months on, the wounds left by Israel's bombardment have not yet healed

Four months after the bombardment, Gaza’s wounds are yet to heal

Kim Sengupta is reunited with a man whose plight mirrors the suffering of the Palestinian people
Gastric surgery: Is it really the answer to the UK's obesity epidemic?

Is gastric surgery really the answer to the UK's obesity epidemic?

Critics argue that it’s crazy to operate on healthy people just to stop them eating
Homeless Veterans appeal: Christmas charity auction Part 2 - now LIVE

Homeless Veterans appeal: Christmas charity auction

Bid on original art, or trips of a lifetime to Africa or the 'Corrie' set, and help Homeless Veterans
Pantomime rings the changes to welcome autistic theatre-goers

Autism-friendly theatre

Pantomime leads the pack in quest to welcome all
The week Hollywood got scared and had to grow up a bit

The week Hollywood got scared and had to grow up a bit

Sony suffered a chorus of disapproval after it withdrew 'The Interview', but it's not too late for it to take a stand, says Joan Smith
From Widow Twankey to Mother Goose, how do the men who play panto dames get themselves ready for the performance of a lifetime?

Panto dames: before and after

From Widow Twankey to Mother Goose, how do the men who play panto dames get themselves ready for the performance of a lifetime?
Thirties murder mystery novel is surprise runaway Christmas hit

Thirties murder mystery novel is surprise runaway Christmas hit

Booksellers say readers are turning away from dark modern thrillers and back to the golden age of crime writing
Anne-Marie Huby: 'Charities deserve the best,' says founder of JustGiving

Anne-Marie Huby: 'Charities deserve the best'

Ten million of us have used the JustGiving website to donate to good causes. Its co-founder says that being dynamic is as important as being kind
The botanist who hunts for giant trees at Kew Gardens

The man who hunts giants

A Kew Gardens botanist has found 25 new large tree species - and he's sure there are more out there