East London Bombing: Far-right faction aims to trigger violent race war

THE EXTREME right in Britain, unlike some counterparts in Europe, had been known for random racial attacks rather than organised terrorism. On the face of it, the London bombs, at Brick Lane and Brixton, appear to change that.

But police and anti-fascist sources counsel against seeing the attacks as evidence that the extremists have suddenly acquired the expertise and the arsenal to conduct large-scale, sustained paramilitary operations. The more likely scenario is that a small faction has embarked on a bombing campaign that is rudimentary, although alarming and dangerous,

Several far-right groups sought responsibility for the attack on Brixton, south London on Saturday 12 April, one of the first claims being made by the neo-Nazi Combat 18, which takes its name from Adolf Hitler's initials, the first and eighth letter of the alphabet. But there was also a call from an organisation hitherto unknown to the public, the White Wolves, and after the Brick Lane blast its activities are now under intense scrutiny.

Four years ago, a 15-page booklet by the White Wolves was circulated among the fascist fringes. It admitted the much-expected "race-war" simply was not " about to happen. So we must start it ourselves ... Our main line of attack must be the immigrants themselves, the black and Asian ghettos. If this is done regularly, effectively and brutally, the aliens will respond by attacking the whites at random, forcing them off the fence and into self- defence". The cycle of friction and violence would, they believe, ultimately lead to the hoped-for racial civil war.

The booklet begins with a Rudyard Kipling poem, The Beginnings, containing the line: "Time shall count from the date, That the English begin to hate". It advises "nationalists" to form themselves into cells of two or three and instructs on how to make a bomb timer with a clock, battery and lightbulb. It does not suggest the use of nail bombs, but the bombs at Brixton and Brick Lane are believed to have involved similar timers.

Black, Asian and Jewish politicians, public figures and organisations have had recent threats from the White Wolves saying" " Notice is hereby given that all non-whites and jews (defined by blood not religion) must permanently leave the British Isles before the year is out. Jews and non- whites who remain after 1999 has ended will be exterminated." It is signed "Hail Britannia".

The content of the White Wolves booklet bears similarities to the jargon of white supremacist and survivalist cultures in the US. White Wolves is a name used by a Serbian paramilitary organisation involved in ethnic cleansing in Kosovo, and The Gray Wolves are an extreme right Turkish nationalist group that has been accused of involvement in the assassination attempt on the Pope. Police sources say it would be wrong to assume a sophisticated, international organisation has been born. Instead, the White Wolves could be a very small body inciting violence and offering advice for "nutters" to commit it.

Combat 18 has also been disseminating instructions on bomb-making. One recent leaflet, adorned with pictures of Hitler and swastikas, shows how to build a timer and electronic detonator. The group sees itself as the hard soldiers of the white race, and they are contemptuous of others such as the National Front for being "too soft". But in reality Combat 18 is now more involved in drug-dealing and selling skinhead records than in leading the race war.

The C18 leader, Paul "Charlie "Sarjeant is serving a life sentence for the murder of a fellow member, Christopher Castle, and the group recently split, with a faction forming the National Socialist Alliance.

Combat 18 has also been heavily infiltrated by Scotland Yard's Special Branch and the security services, and used, at one time, to gather intelligence on the extreme-right and loyalist paramilitaries in Ulster, with whom the group had forged links.

The Northern Ireland connection was loosened when the Ulster Volunteer Force, whose leadership was alarmed at the racism and criminality of the British group, ordered it to shut down its office in Belfast. Attempts have been made to re-establish the links recently, with members of the Ulster Defence Association and Ulster Volunteer Force visiting the mainland.

Among the other extreme-right groups, the National Front and the British National Party are now trying, without much success, to follow a broadly political agenda, although members are still engaged in routine violence. They are not immediate suspects for the Brixton and Brick Lane bombs. One group that does maintain close links with European terrorist organisations is the International Third Position, founded by dissident National Front members and Italian fascists who live here, including one suspected of the Bologna bombing. The group has not claimed responsibility for the London bombings.

Mike Whine, of the Board of Jewish Deputies, said: "The organisation probably consists of only half-a-dozen people, but you do not need many to carry out acts of violence."

News
The Banksy image in Folkestone before it was vandalised
people
Life and Style
tech

Sales of the tablet are set to fall again, say analysts

Sport
football West Brom vs Man Utd match report: Blind grabs point, but away form a problem for Van Gaal
Arts and Entertainment
Gotham is coming to UK shores this autumn
tvGotham, episode 2, review
PROMOTED VIDEO
Have you tried new the Independent Digital Edition apps?
News
ebooksAn unforgettable anthology of contemporary reportage
News
i100
Arts and Entertainment
Bloom Time: Mira Sorvino
tvMira Sorvino on leaving movie roles for 'The Intruders'
News
Brian Harvey turned up at Downing Street today demanding to speak to the Prime Minister
news

Met Police confirm there was a 'minor disturbance' and that no-one was arrested

Arts and Entertainment
George Lucas poses with a group of Star Wars-inspired Disney characters at Disney's Hollywood Studios in 2010
films

George Lucas criticises the major Hollywood film studios

Voices
Chris Grayling, Justice Secretary: 'There are pressures which we are facing but there is not a crisis'
voices

Does Chris Grayling realise what a vague concept he is dealing with?

Life and Style
A street vendor in Mexico City sells Dorilocos, which are topped with carrot, jimaca, cucumber, peanuts, pork rinds, spices and hot sauce
food + drink

Trend which requires crisps, a fork and a strong stomach is sweeping Mexico's streets

News
Blackpool is expected to become one of the first places to introduce the Government’s controversial new Public Space Protection Orders (PSPOs)
news

Concerns raised phenomenon is threatening resort's image as a family destination

Life and Style
Northern soul mecca the Wigan Casino
fashionGone are the punks, casuals, new romantics, ravers, skaters, crusties. Now all kids look the same
Life and Style
gaming

I Am Bread could actually be a challenging and nuanced title

Life and Style
The charity Sands reports that 11 babies are stillborn everyday in the UK
lifeEleven babies are stillborn every day in the UK, yet no one speaks about this silent tragedy
News
Nigel Farage has backed DJ Mike Read's new Ukip song
i100
Voices
The number of children in relative income poverty is currently 2.3 million in the UK
voices

Environment
A Brazilian wandering spider
natureIt's worth knowing for next time one appears in your bananas
Life and Style
Time and Oak have developed a product that allows drinkers to customise the flavour and improve the quality of cheaper whiskey
food + drink

Latest stories from i100
Have you tried new the Independent Digital Edition apps?
Independent Dating
and  

By clicking 'Search' you
are agreeing to our
Terms of Use.

iJobs Job Widget
iJobs General

Year 5 Teacher

£80 - £140 per day: Randstad Education Leeds: Year 5 Teacher KS2 teaching job...

Software Developer

£35000 - £45000 Per Annum Pensions Scheme After 6 Months: Clearwater People So...

Systems Analyst / Business Analyst - Central London

£35000 - £37000 per annum + Benefits: Ashdown Group: Systems Analyst / Busines...

Senior Change Engineer (Network, Cisco, Juniper) £30k

£30000 - £35000 per annum + Benefits: Ampersand Consulting LLP: Senior Change ...

Day In a Page

Oscar Pistorius sentencing: The athlete's wealth and notoriety have provoked a long overdue debate on South African prisons

'They poured water on, then electrified me...'

If Oscar Pistorius is sent to jail, his experience will not be that of other inmates
James Wharton: The former Guard now fighting discrimination against gay soldiers

The former Guard now fighting discrimination against gay soldiers

Life after the Army has brought new battles for the LGBT activist James Wharton
Ebola in the US: Panic over the virus threatens to infect President Obama's midterms

Panic over Ebola threatens to infect the midterms

Just one person has died, yet November's elections may be affected by what Republicans call 'Obama's Katrina', says Rupert Cornwell
Premier League coaches join the RSC to swap the tricks of their trades

Darling, you were fabulous! But offside...

Premier League coaches are joining the RSC to learn acting skills, and in turn they will teach its actors to play football. Nick Clark finds out why
How to dress with authority: Kirsty Wark and Camila Batmanghelidjh discuss the changing role of fashion in women's workwear

How to dress with authority

Kirsty Wark and Camila Batmanghelidjh discuss the changing role of fashion in women's workwear
New book on Joy Division's Ian Curtis sheds new light on the life of the late singer

New book on Ian Curtis sheds fresh light on the life of the late singer

'Joy Division were making art... Ian was for real' says author Jon Savage
Sean Harris: A rare interview with British acting's secret weapon

Sean Harris: A rare interview with British acting's secret weapon

The Bafta-winner talks Hollywood, being branded a psycho, and how Barbra Streisand is his true inspiration
Tim Minchin, interview: The musician, comedian and world's favourite ginger is on scorching form

Tim Minchin interview

For a no-holds-barred comedian who is scathing about woolly thinking and oppressive religiosity, he is surprisingly gentle in person
Boris Johnson's boozing won't win the puritan vote

Boris's boozing won't win the puritan vote

Many of us Brits still disapprove of conspicuous consumption – it's the way we were raised, says DJ Taylor
Ash frontman Tim Wheeler reveals how he came to terms with his father's dementia

Tim Wheeler: Alzheimer's, memories and my dad

Wheeler's dad suffered from Alzheimer's for three years. When he died, there was only one way the Ash frontman knew how to respond: with a heartfelt solo album
Hugh Bonneville & Peter James: 'Peter loves his classic cars; I've always pootled along fine with a Mini Metro. I think I lack his panache'

How We Met: Hugh Bonneville & Peter James

'Peter loves his classic cars; I've always pootled along fine with a Mini Metro. I think I lack his panache'
Bill Granger recipes: Our chef's heavenly crab dishes don't need hours of preparation

Bill Granger's heavenly crab recipes

Scared off by the strain of shelling a crab? Let a fishmonger do the hard work so you can focus on getting the flavours right
Radamel Falcao: How faith and love drive the Colombian to glory

Radamel Falcao: How faith and love drive the Colombian to glory

After a remarkable conversion from reckless defender to prolific striker, Monaco's ace says he wants to make his loan deal at Old Trafford permanent
Terry Venables: Premier League managers must not be allowed to dictate who plays and who does not play for England

Terry Venables column

Premier League managers must not be allowed to dictate who plays and who does not play for England
The Inside Word: Brendan Rodgers looks to the future while Roy Hodgson is ghost of seasons past

Michael Calvin's Inside Word

Brendan Rodgers looks to the future while Roy Hodgson is ghost of seasons past