Jailed American Indian appeals to Blair for help

SUPPORTERS of the American Indian leader Leonard Peltier, jailed for the murders of two FBI agents during a gunfight on a reservation in 1975, have made a personal appeal to the Prime Minister for help in securing his release.

Last night, they handed in a petition at Downing Street, asking Tony Blair to join the international call for President Clinton to release Peltier, by granting him "executive clemency". Peltier, who has exhausted all legal appeals, recently began his 24th year of imprisonment and will not be eligible for parole until 2008.

His health is failing - a long-standing jaw problem has now become so severe and painful that he cannot open his mouth enough to bite or chew his food - and his supporters fear he will die in his cell at the tough Leavenworth penitentiary in Kansas.

A Foreign Office spokesman said it had received representations from Peltier's supporters, passed on by Mr Blair, as well as several MPs, and would decide on its response after assessing the legal situation.

Peltier, 55, is serving two consecutive life sentences for the shootings at the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation in South Dakota. He has always denied the crime and those campaigning on his behalf consider him to be the victim of one of the greatest miscarriages of justice in US legal history.

His story was the inspiration for the film Thunderheart, which starred Val Kilmer as a young FBI agent who uncovers evidence of bureau misdeeds and learns the harsh reality of reservation life during a homicide investigation. Robert Redford has made a documentary about the case, and Peltier's plight has attracted support from Nelson Mandela, The Archbishop of Canterbury and Rev Jesse Jackson, as well as leading British and European politicians.

The shootings took place against a background of escalating tension between the militant American Indian Movement and the elected tribal government, which traditionalists on the reservation considered corrupt and a puppet of President Gerald Ford's administration.

The AIM emerged in the late 1960s to champion Indian rights, amid concern that the tribal government was failing to protect Indian lands - rich in natural reserves such as uranium - from developers. In 1973, traditionalists at Pine Ridge asked the AIM for protection when a paramilitary group, which supported the tribal government, allegedly began a campaign of terror.

Between 1973 and 1975 more than 60 Indians were killed and hundreds more assaulted and harassed, allegedly by the paramilitaries, whom the traditionalists claimed were backed by the FBI. On the day of the shootings the FBI agents had entered the reservation to find four people wanted on charges of assault and theft. Peltier admits firing a gun but denies killing the wounded agents at close range. Two other AIM leaders were acquitted of the killings, on the grounds of self-defence, after successfully arguing that the atmosphere of terror on the reservation explained their opening fire.

Following Peltier's conviction, it was revealed that the FBI had fabricated evidence from an alleged eyewitness, Myrtle Poor Bear, to secure his extradition from Canada, where he had fled after the gun battle. Her testimony was not used at the trial. In addition, ballistics and other evidence which may have been favourable to his case were also withheld.

An independent barrister consulted by Amnesty International found Peltier's conviction to be "unsafe and unsatisfactory" because the judge had refused to allow the introduction of evidence of serious FBI misconduct relating to the intimidation of witnesses, including Myrtle Poor Bear. This, it is claimed, would have cast serious doubt on the reliability of the main prosecution witnesses at the trial.

In 1986, the United States Court of Appeal ruled that the prosecution had omitted evidence but concluded this would not have affected the outcome of the trial. But one of the appeal judges, Gerald Heaney, later said the fact that the FBI had used improper tactics in its investigation should be considered in any petition for leniency.

He criticised the government for its earlier military response to "the legitimate grievances of the Native Americans", adding: "While the government's role in escalating the conflict into a firefight cannot serve as a legal justification for the killing of the FBI agents at short range, it can properly be considered as a mitigating circumstance."

Amnesty International recently accepted that a retrial was no longer feasible and is now asking for the President to intervene in the case.

Start your day with The Independent, sign up for daily news emails
Have you tried new the Independent Digital Edition apps?
ebooks
ebooksAn introduction to the ground rules of British democracy
Latest stories from i100
Have you tried new the Independent Digital Edition apps?
Independent Dating
and  

By clicking 'Search' you
are agreeing to our
Terms of Use.

iJobs Job Widget
iJobs General

Recruitment Genius: Web Developer - Junior / Mid Weight

£15000 - £25000 per annum: Recruitment Genius: To support their continued grow...

Recruitment Genius: Marketing Data Specialist

£22000 - £25000 per annum: Recruitment Genius: They are the go-to company for ...

Recruitment Genius: Search Marketing Specialist - PPC / SEO

Negotiable: Recruitment Genius: This is an opportunity to join the UK's leadin...

Recruitment Genius: Sales Administrator

Negotiable: Recruitment Genius: This caravan dealership are currently recruiti...

Day In a Page

Greece debt crisis: What happened to democracy when it’s a case of 'Vote Yes or else'?

'The economic collapse has happened. What is at risk now is democracy...'

If it doesn’t work in Europe, how is it supposed to work in India or the Middle East, asks Robert Fisk
The science of swearing: What lies behind the use of four-letter words?

The science of swearing

What lies behind the use of four-letter words?
The Real Stories of Migrant Britain: Clive fled from Zimbabwe - now it won't have him back

The Real Stories of Migrant Britain

Clive fled from Zimbabwe - now it won’t have him back
Africa on the menu: Three foodie friends want to popularise dishes from the continent

Africa on the menu

Three foodie friends want to popularise dishes from the hot new continent
Donna Karan is stepping down after 30 years - so who will fill the DKNY creator's boots?

Who will fill Donna Karan's boots?

The designer is stepping down as Chief Designer of DKNY after 30 years. Alexander Fury looks back at the career of 'America's Chanel'
10 best statement lightbulbs

10 best statement lightbulbs

Dare to bare with some out-of-the-ordinary illumination
Wimbledon 2015: Heather Watson - 'I had Serena's poster on my wall – now I'm playing her'

Heather Watson: 'I had Serena's poster on my wall – now I'm playing her'

Briton pumped up for dream meeting with world No 1
Wimbledon 2015: Nick Bollettieri - It's time for big John Isner to produce the goods to go with his thumping serve

Nick Bollettieri's Wimbledon Files

It's time for big John Isner to produce the goods to go with his thumping serve
Dustin Brown: Who is the tennis player who knocked Rafael Nadal out of Wimbeldon 2015?

Dustin Brown

Who is the German player that knocked Nadal out of Wimbeldon 2015?
Ashes 2015: Damien Martyn - 'England are fired up again, just like in 2005...'

Damien Martyn: 'England are fired up again, just like in 2005...'

Australian veteran of that Ashes series, believes the hosts' may become unstoppable if they win the first Test
Tour de France 2015: Twins Simon and Adam Yates have a mountain to climb during Tour of duty

Twins have a mountain to climb during Tour of duty

Yates brothers will target the steepest sections in bid to win a stage in France
John Palmer: 'Goldfinger' of British crime was murdered, say police

Murder of the Brink’s-MAT mastermind

'Goldfinger' of British crime's life ended in a blaze of bullets, say police
Forget little green men - aliens will look like humans, says Cambridge University evolution expert

Forget little green men

Leading evolutionary biologist says aliens will look like humans
The Real Stories of Migrant Britain: An Algerian scientist adjusts to life working in a kebab shop

The Real Stories of Migrant Britain

An Algerian scientist struggles to adjust to her new life working in a Scottish kebab shop
Bodyworlds museum: Dr Gunther von Hagens has battled legal threats, Parkinson's disease, and the threat of bankruptcy

Dying dream of Doctor Death

Dr Gunther von Hagens has battled legal threats, Parkinson's disease, and the threat of bankruptcy