People found in workplace screening programmes to have high blood pressure took more time off sick, had increased anxiety and and saw themselves as less healthy, regardless of whether their hypertension warranted treatment.
In cholesterol screening, several studies have shown a reduction in deaths from heart diseases but a small increase in total mortality. This, it is suggested, is because men who know they are more at risk from heart disease may take other risks as well.
The authors warn that those who receive negative results may also ignore future consequences of their behaviour: "For example, those who screen negative for cancer may feel safe continuing smoking." Glenda CooperReuse content