Anniversaries

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The Independent Online
Anniversaries

Births: Torquato Tasso, poet and playwright, 1544; Sir Henry Tate, sugar refiner and art collector, 1819; Carl Sprague Ruggles, violinist and composer, 1876; Sir Malcolm Campbell, speed record holder, 1885; Dorothy Gish (le Guiche), silent screen actress, 1898; Lord Wilson of Rievaulx (John Harold Wilson), former prime minister, 1916. Deaths: Hannah Cowley (Parkhouse), playwright and poet, 1809; Rolf Boldrewood (Thomas Alexander Browne), author, 1915; Sir Alexander Fleming, bacteriologist, 1955; Erle Stanley Gardner, lawyer, author and creator of "Perry Mason", 1970. On this day: Chelsea Hospital for old soldiers was founded, 1682; the first successful English daily newspaper, the single-sheet Daily Courant, was published near Fleet Street, London, 1702; the first performance of Verdi's Rigoletto was given, Venice 1851; the Bradfield reservoir, near Sheffield, burst its banks, and 250 people lost their lives, 1864; the first telephone call was made by Alexander Graham Bell, 1876; the Great Blizzard began in the United States, 1888; the British blockade of Germany began, 1915; Baghdad was captured from the Turks by the British, 1917; the first London performance of the musical show No, No, Nanette was presented, London 1925; following a proclamation by Hermann Goering, the Luftwaffe, or German air force, was created, 1935; the German army marched into Austria, 1938; meat rationing began in Britain, 1940; Mount Etna, Sicily, erupted, 1974. Today is the Feast Day of St Aurea, St Benedict of Milan, St Constantine of Cornwall, St Eulogius of Cordova, St Oengus or Aengus the Culdee, St Sophronius of Jerusalem, St Teresa Margaret Redi and St Vindician.

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