TODAY: Births: Henry John Heinz, food-products magnate, 1844; Anna Eleanor Roosevelt, writer and lecturer, 1884; Richard Burton (Jenkins), actor, 1925. Deaths: Sir Thomas Wyatt, poet and diplomat, 1542; Leonard "Chico" Marx, comedian, 1961; Jean Cocteau, poet, novelist and playwright, 1963. On this day: the Order of the Bath was constituted, 1399; the title "Defender of the Faith" was conferred on Henry VIII by Pope Leo X, 1521; Peter the Great became Tsar of Russia, 1669; the Apollo 7 spacecraft, with a crew of three, was launched from Cape Kennedy, 1968. Today is the Feast Day of St Agilbert, St Alexander Sauli, St Bruno the Great of Cologne, St Canice or Kenneth, St Gummarus or Gomaire, St Mary Soledad and St Nectarius of Constantinople. Today is also Yom Kippur (the Day of Atonement).

TOMORROW: Births: Edward VI, King of England, 1537; James Ramsay MacDonald, statesman, 1866; Ralph Vaughan Williams, composer, 1872. Deaths: Piero della Francesca, painter and writer, 1492; Elizabeth Fry (Gurney), Quaker prison reformer, 1845; Robert Stephenson, civil engineer, 1859; Edith Louisa Cavell, nurse, executed by the Germans, 1915. On this day: the first Morris Minor car designed by Alec Issigonis was produced at Cowley, Oxon, 1948. Today is the Feast Day of St Edwin, St Ethelburga of Barking, Saints Felix and Cyprian, St Maximilian of Lorch and St Wilfrid of York.