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TODAY: Births: Louis Pasteur, chemist and bacteriologist, 1822; Marlene Dietrich (Maria Magdalena Dietrich), actress, 1901. Deaths: Charles Lamb, author and essayist, 1834; Howard Hoagland (Hoagy) Carmichael, composer, singer and pianist, 1981. On this day: J.M. Barrie's play Peter Pan was first performed, 1904. Today is the Feast Day of St Fabiola, St John the Evangelist, St Nicarete and Saints Theodore and Theophanes Graptoi.

TOMORROW: Births: Sir Arthur Stanley Eddington, astronomer, 1882. Deaths: St Francis de Sales, 1622; Rob Roy (Robert Macgregor), clan chief, 1734; Maurice Joseph Ravel, composer, 1937; Sam Peckinpah, film director, 1984. On this day: the centre portion of the Tay Bridge in Scotland collapsed, 1879. Tomorrow is the Feast Day of St Antony of Lerins, the Holy Innocents (Childermas) and St Theodore the Sanctified.