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TODAY: Births: Petrarch (Francesco Petrarca), scholar, lyric poet and humanist, 1304; Sir John Charles Walsham Reith, first Baron Reith, first director-general of the BBC, 1889. Deaths: Sir Richard Wallace, founder of the Wallace Collection, 1890; Andrew Lang, author and fairy tale editor, 1912; Guglielmo Marconi, inventor, 1937. On this day: Euston Station opened, 1837; the XIth Olympic Games opened in Berlin, 1936; at a meeting in Rastenburg, Germany, Colonel von Stauffenburg attempted to assassinate Hitler by planting a bomb, 1944; Turkish forces invaded northern Cyprus, 1974. Today is the Feast Day of St Ansegisus, St Aurelius of Carthage, St Elias of Jerusalem, St Flavian of Antioch, St Gregory Lopez, St Joseph Barsabas the Just, St Margaret of Antioch, St Wilgefortis or Liberata, St Wulmar.

TOMORROW: Births: St Philip Neri, missionary, 1515; Paul Julius, Baron von Reuter (Israel Beer Josaphat), founder of Reuter's news agency, 1816; Ernest Miller Hemingway, novelist, 1899. Deaths: Robert Burns, poet, 1796; Dame Ellen Alicia Terry, actress, 1928. On this day: Battersea Bridge opened, 1890; the Tate Gallery, presented to the nation by Sir Henry Tate, was opened, 1897; Commander Neil Armstrong became the first man to set foot on the Moon, 1969. Tomorrow is Independence Day in Belgium and the Feast Day of St Arbogastes, St Laurence of Brindisi, St Praxedes, St Victor of Marseilles.