Anniversaries

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The Independent Online
Anniversaries

Births: Georg Philipp Telemann, organist and composer, 1681; Johann Strauss the Elder, composer, 1804; Victor Emmanuel II, King of Italy, 1820; Giovanni Virginio Schiaparelli, astronomer, 1835; Mrs Isabella Mary Beeton (Mayson), household and cookery writer, 1836; Paul Ehrlich, bacteriologist, 1854; Albert Einstein, physicist, 1879. Deaths: Jakob van Ruysdael, painter, 1682; Admiral John Byng, executed for neglect of duty 1757; John Jervis, Earl of St Vincent, admiral of the fleet, 1823; Karl Marx, political philosopher, 1883; William Hale White ("Mark Rutherford"), novelist, 1913; Walter Crane, painter and illustrator, 1915; Cesar Cui, composer and writer, 1918; George Eastman, photographic inventor, 1932; Nikolai Ivanovich Bukharin, Russian journalist and politician, executed 1938; Klement Gottwald, Czech leader, 1953; Howard Hathaway Aiken, mathematician and computer pioneer, 1973; Busby Berkeley (William Berkeley Enos), choreographer, 1976; Sir Huw Pyrs Wheldon, broadcaster, 1986. On this day: Asiatic cholera first appeared in Ireland, at Belfast, 1832; Lake Albert, Africa, was discovered and named by Sir Samuel Baker, 1864; the first production of The Mikado, by Gilbert and Sullivan, was staged at the Savoy Theatre, London, 1885; the first submarine telephone line was laid by the Monarch across the English Channel, 1891; the German cruiser Dresden was sunk, 1915; a provisional government was set up in Russia, 1917; the German Army began a retreat to the Hindenburg Line, 1917; the first transatlantic radio broadcast was made, 1925; a new translation of the New English Bible (New Testament) was published in London, 1961. Today is the Feast Day of St Eutychius or Eustathius of Carrhae, St Leobinus or Lubin and St Matilda.

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