Doctor Maria Santos Gorrostieta: Politician murdered for her fight against drug cartels


Maria Santos Gorrostieta, the Mexican figure who has just suffered a brutal death, was described as a heroine of the 21st century because of her fearless political stand against the drug cartels ravaging her country. It was the third attempt on the life of the 36-year-old medical graduate by those involved in the illegal industry which generates billions of dollars and in recent years has claimed tens of thousands of lives. Gorrostieta, the former mayor of the remote town of Tiquicheo, continued to speak out against the drug gangs, undeterred even by an attack which killed her first husband and left her badly scarred and in constant pain.

On 12 November, as she drove the youngest of her three children to school, she was dragged from her car in an ambush by gunmen who were clearly aware of her regular movements. According to local reports she was assaulted but, begging them to spare her child, eventually went with her abductors. Her family clung to hopes that she was being held for ransom, but a few days later her badly bruised body was found dumped by a roadside. She may have been stabbed and burnt before being killed.

Her death was part of a familiar pattern, since more than a score of mayors have been assassinated on the orders of drug barons in their response to the war on their activities which was declared by President Felipe Calderon six years ago. Senior police officers have also been killed, with a number of female officials among those targeted. Gorrostieta had received official protection but this was withdrawn a year ago. President Calderon's sister Luisa Maria said recently: "All mayors are at risk."

Gorrostieta's home town of Tiquicheo is in the so-called hotlands of the state of Michoacan, a rural region where drug cartels have a strong presence. During her time in office, from 2008 until 2011, she publicly denounced them.

Born in 1976, she graduated in medicine from university in the city of Morelia. During her political career she joined first the Institutional Revolutionary party and later the left-wing Democratic Revolution party. She never wavered, however, in defining opposition to drug groups as her most important mission.

The first attack on her came in October 2009 when gunmen opened up on a car in which she was travelling with her husband, former mayor Jose Sanchez, killing him and injuring her. Three months later gunmen launched a determined attack with assault rifles, hitting her van with at least 30 bullets. Three of them struck her, leaving her using a colostomy bag and in pain for the rest of her life.

In an act of defiance she released photographs of her dreadful injuries, writing, "I wanted to show you my wounded, mutilated, humiliated body because I'm not ashamed of it – it is living testimony that I am a strong and righteous woman."

Gorrostieta, a devout Catholic, declared: "I have had to bear losses that I would not wish on anyone, and have had to accept them with resignation and with the knowledge that it is our Lord's will, and I have gone on, even with a wounded soul. Despite that, and despite my own safety and that of my family, what occupies my mind is my responsibility towards my people – the children, the women, the elderly and the men who break their souls every day without rest to find a piece of bread for their children."

In words which would inevitably be seen by drug lords as an open challenge to their violent authority, she explained that she found it impossible to surrender because she had to educate her three children by setting an example. She went on: "My long road is not yet finished. I will continue fighting. I will get up however many times God allows me to, to keep on searching, negotiating plans, projects and actions for the benefit of all of society, but in particular for the vulnerable ones. This is who I am."

Her area of Michoacan is the base for several particularly ruthless cartels, who cultivate drug crops and synthesise other substances, mostly for export to the US. The cartels, which are often locked in lethal rivalry, combine a routine use of violence with a penetration of policing and the political and system by a mixture of intimidation and bribery, using their huge reserves of cash. As a result the federal authorities believe that some local mayors and police chiefs are on the take from cartels. Several years ago 10 mayors and other officials were arrested on suspicion of corruption.

After her mayoral term Gorrostieta stood for election to the Mexican legislature. Although she did not win a seat, her decision to stand was seen as confirmation of her determination to remain in public life, even though she admitted she had a daily struggle to erase "the images of the horror I lived."

Her continuing commitment to seeking office meant that she remained high on the assassination list of the cartels. Her outspoken opposition, and her refusal to take drug money, appear to have sealed her fate.

Maria Santos Gorrostieta, politician: born 1976; married firstly Jose Sanchez (died 2009; one daughter, two sons), secondly Nereo Delgado Patinoran; died on or before 17 November 2012.

people And here is why...
Arts and Entertainment
Amazon has added a cautionary warning to Tom and Jerry cartoons on its streaming service
voicesBy the man who has
Arsene Wenger tried to sign Eden Hazard
footballAfter 18 years with Arsenal, here are 18 things he has still never done as the Gunners' manager
Have you tried new the Independent Digital Edition apps?
ebooksAn unforgettable anthology of contemporary reportage
Life and Style
The new Windows 10 Start Menu
newsFloyd 'Creeky' Creekmore still performed regularly to raise money for local hospitals
Arts and Entertainment
Kristen Stewart and Robert Pattinson star in The Twilight Saga but will not be starring in the new Facebook mini-movies
tvKristen Stewart and Stephenie Meyer will choose female directrs
William Hague
people... when he called Hague the county's greatest
More than 90 years of car history are coming to an end with the abolition of the paper car-tax disc
newsThis and other facts you never knew about the paper circle - completely obsolete today
peopleStella McCartney apologises over controversial Instagram picture
Arts and Entertainment
Twerking girls: Miley Cyrus's video for 'Wrecking Ball'
arts + ents
Arts and Entertainment
Ed Sheeran performs at his Amazon Front Row event on Tuesday 30 September
musicHe spotted PM at private gig
indybestKeep extra warm this year with our 10 best bedspreads
people'I’d rather have Fred and Rose West quote my characters on childcare'
Arts and Entertainment
There has been a boom in ticket sales for female comics, according to an industry survey
comedyFirst national survey reveals Britain’s comedic tastes
Latest stories from i100
Have you tried new the Independent Digital Edition apps?
Independent Dating

By clicking 'Search' you
are agreeing to our
Terms of Use.

iJobs Job Widget
iJobs General

PMLD Teacher

Competitive: Randstad Education Manchester: SEN Teacher urgently required for ...

Real Estate Solicitor 2+PQE - City

Highly Competitive Salary: Austen Lloyd: CITY - HIGH VALUE REAL ESTATE / RESID...

General Cover Teacher

£120 - £125 per day: Randstad Education Luton: Are you looking for part time/ ...

SEN (SLD/PMLD) Teacher

£120 - £130 per day: Randstad Education Chelmsford: Are you a quailed Teacher ...

Day In a Page

Ebola outbreak: The children orphaned by the virus – then rejected by surviving relatives over fear of infection

The children orphaned by Ebola...

... then rejected by surviving relatives over fear of infection
Pride: Are censors pandering to homophobia?

Are censors pandering to homophobia?

US film censors have ruled 'Pride' unfit for under-16s, though it contains no sex or violence
The magic of roundabouts

Lords of the rings

Just who are the Roundabout Appreciation Society?
Why do we like making lists?

Notes to self: Why do we like making lists?

Well it was good enough for Ancient Egyptians and Picasso...
Hong Kong protests: A good time to open a new restaurant?

A good time to open a new restaurant in Hong Kong?

As pro-democracy demonstrators hold firm, chef Rowley Leigh, who's in the city to open a new restaurant, says you couldn't hope to meet a nicer bunch
Paris Fashion Week: Karl Lagerfeld leads a feminist riot on 'Boulevard Chanel'

Paris Fashion Week

Lagerfeld leads a feminist riot on 'Boulevard Chanel'
Bruce Chatwin's Wales: One of the finest one-day walks in Britain

Simon Calder discovers Bruce Chatwin's Wales

One of the finest one-day walks you could hope for - in Britain
10 best children's nightwear

10 best children's nightwear

Make sure the kids stay cosy on cooler autumn nights in this selection of pjs, onesies and nighties
Manchester City vs Roma: Five things we learnt from City’s draw at the Etihad

Manchester City vs Roma

Five things we learnt from City’s Champions League draw at the Etihad
Martin Hardy: Mike Ashley must act now and end the Alan Pardew reign

Trouble on the Tyne

Ashley must act now and end Pardew's reign at Newcastle, says Martin Hardy
Isis is an hour from Baghdad, the Iraq army has little chance against it, and air strikes won't help

Isis an hour away from Baghdad -

and with no sign of Iraq army being able to make a successful counter-attack
Turner Prize 2014 is frustratingly timid

Turner Prize 2014 is frustratingly timid

The exhibition nods to rich and potentially brilliant ideas, but steps back
Last chance to see: Half the world’s animals have disappeared over the last 40 years

Last chance to see...

The Earth’s animal wildlife population has halved in 40 years
So here's why teenagers are always grumpy - and it's not what you think

Truth behind teens' grumpiness

Early school hours mess with their biological clocks
Why can no one stop hackers putting celebrities' private photos online?

Hacked photos: the third wave

Why can no one stop hackers putting celebrities' private photos online?