John McGeoch

Influential post-punk guitarist
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The Independent Online

John McGeoch, guitarist and songwriter: born Greenock, Renfrewshire 28 May 1955; married (one daughter); died London 4 March 2004.

Often cited as an influence by leading guitarists such as the Edge from U2, John Frusciante of Red Hot Chili Peppers and Radiohead's Jonny Greenwood, John McGeoch played in several post-punk bands of the late Seventies and early Eighties. Originally recruited in Manchester in April 1977 by the vocalist Howard Devoto as a guitarist for his post-Buzzcocks group Magazine, McGeoch then contributed to the New Romantic project Visage, fronted by Steve Strange, which scored a massive European hit with "Fade to Grey" in 1980.

That year, he joined Siouxsie and the Banshees and he stayed with the goth pioneers for arguably their most creative and successful spell, encapsulating the singles "Happy House" and "Christine" and the albums Kaleidoscope (1980), Juju (1981) and A Kiss in the Dreamhouse (1982). He left the Banshees under a cloud in October 1982 but resurfaced four years later with PIL, the band fronted by the former Sex Pistols singer and agent provocateur John Lydon.

A distinctive player, greatly admired for his use of textures rather than his solos, but able to dream up dramatic riffs and chord changes and blistering fills, McGeoch also played on defining albums by the likes of Generation X, Midge Ure and Peter Murphy of Bauhaus. In 1996, he was described as "the new wave Jimmy Page" by Mojo magazine and figured in their "100 Greatest Guitarists of All Time".

Born in Greenock, Renfrewshire, in 1955, John McGeoch moved to the Manchester area in his teens. In April 1977, he answered a small ad placed in a record shop by Howard Devoto who had just left Buzzcocks after the Spiral Scratch EP and was looking for musicians "to play slow music again". By the autumn, the new group Magazine comprised Devoto, McGeoch, Dave Formula (keyboards), Barry Adamson (bass) and Martin Jackson (later replaced by John Doyle on drums). They made their live début at the Electric Circus in Manchester and their eerie appearance and moody sound caught the attention of Virgin Records.

In January 1978, the urgent, menacing "Shot By Both Sides" nibbled at the lower reaches of the Top Forty while Real Life, Magazine's seminal album début, made the charts as the group toured the UK for the first time. A great foil to Devoto and Formula, McGeoch shone in that setting and Magazine released a string of classic singles such as the sneering "Rhythm of Cruelty", the panoramic "A Song From Under the Floorboards" and the jaunty "Sweetheart Contract", all co-written by the guitarist. The albums Secondhand Daylight (1979) and The Correct Use of Soap (1980) were critically acclaimed and Magazine would go on to influence Simple Minds, Morrissey and Radiohead.

However, McGeoch began drifting away from the group in 1980. "I was doing a lot of sessions like Generation X and the Skids. I thought that Magazine's direction seemed less focused on guitar - wrongly as it happens - but I felt footloose and fancy free," he said later. Indeed, he was in great demand, helping Generation X - or Gen X as they had renamed themselves in a bid for power punk appeal - finish sessions for the album Kiss Me Deadly and thus providing the blueprint for Billy Idol's solo career.

McGeoch also jammed with Formula and Adamson as well as the drummer Rusty Egan and Ultravox members Midge Ure and Billy Currie to provide the soundtrack behind Steve Strange as Visage. "It was a bit of a joke but we all made a lot of money," admitted McGeoch. The Visage project paved the way for New Romantic acts such as Duran Duran and Spandau Ballet across Europe, with hits like "Fade to Grey", "Mind of a Toy" and the eponymous single and album Visage.

In 1980, the "guitarist for hire" came to the attention of Siouxsie and the Banshees, then a trio of the singer Siouxsie Sioux, the bassist Steve Severin and the drummer Budgie, with occasional help from the Cure's Robert Smith. "I was surprised to get the call," said McGeoch:

Steve Strange told me to wear black and we met up in a pub in Notting Hill. They invited me along to their rehearsal studio in Camden and. within two days, we'd routined "Happy House". They really liked that guitar line, that was the clincher. I was going through a picky phase, as opposed to strumming. "Happy House" was lighter and had more musicality in it. They invited me to join. I was sad leaving Magazine but the Banshees were so interesting and it felt like a good move.

The guitarist fitted in immediately.

We began to tour a lot. There were plenty of sellouts and everybody enjoyed what we were doing. By the time we went in to record Juju, the dynamics had already been perfected on stage. We were a pretty damn heavy pop group and a successful one. We were having hits but there was still a certain hauteur, a feeling of us against the rest of the world.

Siouxsie Sioux says:

John McGeoch was my favourite guitarist

of all time. He was into sound in an almost abstract way. I loved the fact that I could say, "I want this to sound like a horse falling off a cliff", and he would know exactly what I meant. He was easily, without a shadow of a doubt, the most creative guitarist the Banshees ever had.

However, there were tensions within the Banshees, who ousted their manager Nils Stevenson just before the recording of A Kiss in the Dreamhouse in 1982. McGeoch's fondness for fine wines also caused concern:

I really ruined a gig in Madrid in October and that was it basically. I was definitely out of control. I was having a hard time coping with the demands of it all. I had a bit of a burn-out, that's the easiest way to sum it up. I ended up in hospital and I didn't get a second chance. By the time I'd got myself sorted out, it was a done deal.

John McGeoch picked himself up and formed the Armoury Show, with the vocalist Richard Jobson and the bassist Russell Webb, both former members of the Skids, and the ex-Magazine drummer John Doyle. They issued the album Waiting for the Floods in 1985. "Then John Lydon scalped me," said McGeoch. "There were a lot of fireworks around PIL but we had quite a lot of success, except in fickle Britain." He played on three PIL studio albums (Happy?, 1987, 9, 1989, and That What Is Not, 1992) and toured on a regular basis with Lydon's band between 1986 and 1992.

After 10 years in Los Angeles, McGeoch moved back to London in the mid-Nineties, attempting to put together a group called Pacific, with the former Spandau Ballet drummer John Keeble, and later also working with Glenn Gregory of Heaven 17. He trained to become a qualified nurse and also recorded background music for television programmes.

Pierre Perrone

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