Kenneth Bacon, Pentagon spokesman<br/> Maurice Grimaud, former Paris police chief

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The Independent Online

Kenneth Bacon, who died on 15 August aged 64, was a Pentagon spokesman in the Clinton administration who became a voice for millions of refugees uprooted by violence and conflict.

After a long career as a Wall Street Journal reporter and editor, Bacon joined the Clinton administration in 1994 as assistant secretary of defense for public affairs. He became familiar to the public as the bow-tie wearing Pentagon spokesman. It was in that job, during US and Nato operations in Kosovo, when Bacon grew convinced that more people were needed to stop human rights abuses and assist people displaced by manmade and natural disasters.

He became president of Refugees International in 2001. During his tenure, the group doubled in size and advocated for increased protection and assistance for displaced people in places such as Sudan's Darfur region and Iraq, where he focused much of his own work, as well as in Afghanistan, Democratic Republic of Congo, Colombia, Thailand and Myanmar.

Maurice Grimaud

Maurice Grimaud, who died on 16 July aged 95, was the Paris police chief played a key role in avoiding major bloodshed during France's student uprising in May 1968. When students occupied the Sorbonne university and buildings around the Left Bank, Grimaud was credited for urging police restraint and showing willingness to start dialogue with protesters.

A native of southern France, Grimaud was born in November 1913. He studied literature and began his career at the seat of the French colonial administration in Morocco in 1936. He worked in Algeria and Germany and served as a local governor and aide to the Interior Minister François Mitterrand.

He succeeded the Nazi-era collaborator Maurice Papon as head of the Paris police force, where he served from 1967-71. Grimaud received the Légion d'Honneur and wrote two books.