Obituary: Gordon Underwood

When in 1983 Gordon Underwood was asked by the British Council to set up a sport teaching programme in the Sudan, he was astounded by the students there who, despite having no equipment or facilities, were motivated and resourceful, kicking a football made of wound-up cloth with their bare feet. One man walked for 12 days across the desert to meet him, having missed the bus.

Underwood was always impressed by physical achievement through determination. He was an early practitioner in Britain of "sport science" - the study of the mental skills of athletes. This year he had been working with a member of the British Mogul ski-team, Tim Dudgeon, preparing for the 1998 winter Olympics in Japan and had just written two new self-help sport psychology books, one for rugby players (Mental Skills Training for Rugby, 1996), the other for orienteers (Mental Skills Training for Orienteering, 1997, co-written with Steve Bird), which were the beginning of a planned series.

His first book, The Physical Education Curriculum in the Secondary School: planning and implementation, was published in 1983, followed by Teaching and Learning in Physical Education: a social psychological perspective, in 1988.

Underwood was born in 1933 in Lincolnshire, and as a boy was athletic and ambitious. He played rugby at Deacon's School, Peterborough, and was selected for Northampton county under-16 rugby team. After National Service in the Royal Army Service Corps he became a captain in the Territorial Army.

Between 1952 and 1954 he studied Physical Education at King Alfred's College, Winchester, and then at Loughborough College. In 1955 he was appointed assistant games master at Harrow County Boys' School. He took groups of Harrow County boys on rugby tours of France, packed into a minibus with tents, food, rugger kit and enthusiasm.

In 1963 he was one of the first students on the Advanced Course in Physical Education at Carnegie College, Leeds, and received his first lectureship there in 1964, aged 32. He was a natural leader and gifted teacher and his interest in the academic aspect of sport and education developed as knowledge of athletic performance advanced into areas of sociology and psychology. It was accepted at this time that in order to excel in any sport peak physical fitness was essential. What began to emerge was the realisation that the difference between winning and coming fourth was in the mind of the athlete; a psychological advantage was necessary.

In 1966 Underwood joined the staff at Nonington College of Physical Education in Kent. He was promoted to Principal Lecturer and then to Head of the large Department of Movement Studies. This degree course trained PE specialists and prospective sport scientists. Underwood became one of the few academic and practising sport scientists in the country.

Whilst at Nonington he received an MA from University College London and developed his interests in curriculum planning, skill acquisition and the performance of top athletes. Among his colleagues was the gymnast and international swimmer John Wright, a longtime friend.

After the government closure of Nonington in 1987, which Underwood handled with a fighting grace, he moved to the Sport Science Department at Christ Church College, Canterbury, developing and teaching the Sport Psychology area of the undergraduate course. He received his doctorate in 1989 and was made an Honorary Fellow of the University of Kent.

In the course of his career, Underwood worked in association with many professional organisations including the Lawn Tennis Association, the Rugby Football Union, the Sports Council and the under-16 Kent cricket team.

Gordon Underwood's passion for sport never diminished. He continued playing rugby, he ran a marathon; on his 60th birthday he descended the Olympic bob-sleigh run in La Plagne. In recent years he loved nothing better than a 10-mile bike ride in the woods, followed by an England rugby international on television. Four days before he died, suddenly and unexpectedly, he was in the French Alps with his son, skiing black runs at over 3,200 metres.

Gordon Leonard Underwood, sport psychologist: born Market Deeping, Lincolnshire 8 January 1933; Senior Lecturer, then Principal Lecturer and Head of the Department of Movement Studies, Nonington College of Physical Education 1966-87; Senior Lecturer in Sport Science, Christ Church College, Canterbury 1987-97; consultant lecturer, Goldsmiths' College, London 1994-97; married 1954 Beryl Adamson (one son, one daughter); died Barham, Kent 11 March 1997.

Start your day with The Independent, sign up for daily news emails
Have you tried new the Independent Digital Edition apps?
ebooksA special investigation by Andy McSmith
  • Get to the point
Latest stories from i100
Have you tried new the Independent Digital Edition apps?
Independent Dating

By clicking 'Search' you
are agreeing to our
Terms of Use.

iJobs Job Widget
iJobs General

Recruitment Genius: Duty Manager

Negotiable: Recruitment Genius: A Duty Manager is required to join one of the ...

Recruitment Genius: Team Leader

Negotiable: Recruitment Genius: A Team Leader is required to join one of the l...

Recruitment Genius: Chef

Negotiable: Recruitment Genius: A Chef is required to join one of the largest ...

Recruitment Genius: Customer Service Assistant

Negotiable: Recruitment Genius: A Customer Service Assistant is required to jo...

Day In a Page

No postcode? No vote

Floating voters

How living on a houseboat meant I didn't officially 'exist'
Louis Theroux's affable Englishman routine begins to wear thin

By Reason of Insanity

Louis Theroux's affable Englishman routine begins to wear thin
Power dressing is back – but no shoulderpads!

Power dressing is back

But banish all thoughts of Eighties shoulderpads
Spanish stone-age cave paintings 'under threat' after being re-opened to the public

Spanish stone-age cave paintings in Altamira 'under threat'

Caves were re-opened to the public
'I was the bookies’ favourite to be first to leave the Cabinet'

Vince Cable interview

'I was the bookies’ favourite to be first to leave the Cabinet'
Election 2015: How many of the Government's coalition agreement promises have been kept?

Promises, promises

But how many coalition agreement pledges have been kept?
The Gaza fisherman who built his own reef - and was shot dead there by an Israeli gunboat

The death of a Gaza fisherman

He built his own reef, and was fatally shot there by an Israeli gunboat
Saudi Arabia's airstrikes in Yemen are fuelling the Gulf's fire

Saudi airstrikes are fuelling the Gulf's fire

Arab intervention in Yemen risks entrenching Sunni-Shia divide and handing a victory to Isis, says Patrick Cockburn
Zayn Malik's departure from One Direction shows the perils of fame in the age of social media

The only direction Zayn could go

We wince at the anguish of One Direction's fans, but Malik's departure shows the perils of fame in the age of social media
Young Magician of the Year 2015: Meet the schoolgirl from Newcastle who has her heart set on being the competition's first female winner

Spells like teen spirit

A 16-year-old from Newcastle has set her heart on being the first female to win Young Magician of the Year. Jonathan Owen meets her
Jonathan Anderson: If fashion is a cycle, this young man knows just how to ride it

If fashion is a cycle, this young man knows just how to ride it

British designer Jonathan Anderson is putting his stamp on venerable house Loewe
Number plates scheme could provide a licence to offend in the land of the free

Licence to offend in the land of the free

Cash-strapped states have hit on a way of making money out of drivers that may be in collision with the First Amendment, says Rupert Cornwell
From farm to fork: Meet the Cornish fishermen, vegetable-growers and butchers causing a stir in London's top restaurants

From farm to fork in Cornwall

One man is bringing together Cornwall's most accomplished growers, fishermen and butchers with London's best chefs to put the finest, freshest produce on the plates of some of the country’s best restaurants
Robert Parker interview: The world's top wine critic on tasting 10,000 bottles a year, absurd drinking notes and New World wannabes

Robert Parker interview

The world's top wine critic on tasting 10,000 bottles a year, absurd drinking notes and New World wannabes
Don't believe the stereotype - or should you?

Don't believe the stereotype - or should you?

We exaggerate regional traits and turn them into jokes - and those on the receiving end are in on it too, says DJ Taylor