Rear-Admiral Jorge Anaya: Argentine naval commander


Jorge Isaac Anaya, naval officer: born Bahía Blanca, Argentina 27 September 1926; Head of Naval Personnel 1977-80, Commander of the Navy 1981-82; married (four children); died Buenos Aires 9 January 2008

Jorge Anaya had a lower public profile than General Leopoldo Galtieri, the army officer who headed the military junta that took Argentina into a disastrous war with Britain over the Falkland Islands in 1982. But an official inquiry into the conflict – the Rattenbach report – found that Anaya as commander of the Argentine navy had been the most determined of the three service chiefs to impose a military solution to the "Malvinas" question, as well as the least effective commander during the war.

For those reasons, he received the heaviest prison sentence when the junta members faced a court martial in 1986. He was given 14 years, against only 12 for Galtieri and just eight for the air force commander, Brigadier Basilio Lami Dozo. But a civilian appeals court later ruled that all three should serve 12 years, as they bore equal responsibility for the fiasco.

Anaya was granted an amnesty by President Carlos Menem in 1989, but his troubles were far from over. The Spanish judge Baltasar Garzó* applied unsuccessfully for his extradition in 1999, on charges of genocide, terrorism and torture, and in 2000 Argentina's Supreme Court annulled the amnesty laws, declaring them to be unconstitutional. Investigators began to look into thousands of cases of human rights abuses during the military dictatorships of 1976-82, when at least 13,000 people, and perhaps as many as 30,000, were killed or "disappeared" during what was universally known as the "Dirty War", against left-wing guerrillas and anybody suspected of supporting them.

As a result of these inquiries, Anaya was accused of involvement in 266 kidnappings of civilians by naval intelligence snatch squads, and their torture at the navy's secret interrogation centre in Buenos Aires, between December 1977 and February 1980. During that time he was head of the navy's personnel department, with an office in the same building. He was, however, spared from having to face his accusers by ill-health: in November 2006 he suffered a heart attack while waiting to be interrogated by an examining magistrate, and was rushed to the naval hospital. He was kept under house arrest after being discharged, but was never deemed fit enough to face trial.

Colin Harding

Start your day with The Independent, sign up for daily news emails
PROMOTED VIDEO
Have you tried new the Independent Digital Edition apps?
ebooks
ebooksA year of political gossip, levity and intrigue from the sharpest pen in Westminster
Latest stories from i100
Have you tried new the Independent Digital Edition apps?
Independent Dating
and  

By clicking 'Search' you
are agreeing to our
Terms of Use.

iJobs Job Widget
iJobs General

Austen Lloyd: Private Client Solicitor - Oxford

Excellent Salary : Austen Lloyd: OXFORD - REGIONAL FIRM - An excellent opportu...

Austen Lloyd: Clinical Negligence Associate / Partner - Bristol

Super Package: Austen Lloyd: BRISTOL - SENIOR CLINICAL NEGLIGENCE - An outstan...

Recruitment Genius: Sales Consultant - Solar Energy - OTE £50,000

£15000 - £50000 per annum: Recruitment Genius: Fantastic opportunities are ava...

Recruitment Genius: Compute Engineer

Negotiable: Recruitment Genius: A Compute Engineer is required to join a globa...

Day In a Page

Iraq invasion 2003: The bloody warnings six wise men gave to Tony Blair as he prepared to launch poorly planned campaign

What the six wise men told Tony Blair

Months before the invasion of Iraq in 2003, experts sought to warn the PM about his plans. Here, four of them recall that day
25 years of The Independent on Sunday: The stories, the writers and the changes over the last quarter of a century

25 years of The Independent on Sunday

The stories, the writers and the changes over the last quarter of a century
Homeless Veterans appeal: 'Really caring is a dangerous emotion in this kind of work'

Homeless Veterans appeal

As head of The Soldiers' Charity, Martin Rutledge has to temper compassion with realism. He tells Chris Green how his Army career prepared him
Wu-Tang Clan and The Sexual Objects offer fans a chance to own the only copies of their latest albums

Smash hit go under the hammer

It's nice to pick up a new record once in a while, but the purchasers of two latest releases can go a step further - by buying the only copy
Geeks who rocked the world: Documentary looks back at origins of the computer-games industry

The geeks who rocked the world

A new documentary looks back at origins of the computer-games industry
Belle & Sebastian interview: Stuart Murdoch reveals how the band is taking a new direction

Belle & Sebastian is taking a new direction

Twenty years ago, Belle & Sebastian was a fey indie band from Glasgow. It still is – except today, as prime mover Stuart Murdoch admits, it has a global cult following, from Hollywood to South Korea
America: Land of the free, home of the political dynasty

America: Land of the free, home of the political dynasty

These days in the US things are pretty much stuck where they are, both in politics and society at large, says Rupert Cornwell
A graphic history of US civil rights – in comic book form

A graphic history of US civil rights – in comic book form

A veteran of the Fifties campaigns is inspiring a new generation of activists
Winston Churchill: the enigma of a British hero

Winston Churchill: the enigma of a British hero

A C Benson called him 'a horrid little fellow', George Orwell would have shot him, but what a giant he seems now, says DJ Taylor
Growing mussels: Precious freshwater shellfish are thriving in a unique green project

Growing mussels

Precious freshwater shellfish are thriving in a unique green project
Diana Krall: The jazz singer on being friends with Elton John, outer space and skiing in Dubai

Diana Krall interview

The jazz singer on being friends with Elton John, outer space and skiing in Dubai
Pinstriped for action: A glimpse of what the very rich man will be wearing this winter

Pinstriped for action

A glimpse of what the very rich man will be wearing this winter
Russell T Davies & Ben Cook: 'Our friendship flourished online. You can share some very revelatory moments at four in the morning…'

Russell T Davies & Ben Cook: How we met

'Our friendship flourished online. You can share some very revelatory moments at four in the morning…'
Bill Granger recipes: Our chef serves up his favourite Japanese dishes

Bill Granger's Japanese recipes

Stock up on mirin, soy and miso and you have the makings of everyday Japanese cuisine
Michael Calvin: How we need more Eric Cantonas to knock some sense into us

Michael Calvin's Last Word

How we need more Eric Cantonas to knock some sense into us