Anniversaries

Births: Niccolo di Bernardo dei Machiavelli, writer and statesman, 146; Alessandro Allori, painter, 1535; Johannes Sturm, educationist, 1589; William Broome, poet and translator, baptised 1689; Emmanuel-Joseph Sieyes, French revolutionary leader, 1748; August Friedrich Ferdinand von Kotzebue, playwright, 1761; Thomas Harper, trumpet virtuoso, 1787; Robert Theodor Odenwald, singer and choirmaster, 1838; Richard D'Oyly Carte, operatic impresario, 1844; Prince Bernhard von Bulow, statesman, 1849; John Scott Haldane, physiologist, 1860; Francois Coty (Francesco Giuseppe Spoturno), perfume manufacturer, 1874; Marcel Dupre, composer, 1886; Mrs Golda Meir (Goldie Meyerson, nee Mabovitch), Israeli prime minister, 1898; Mary Astor (Lucille Vasconcellos Langhanke), actress, 1906; William Motter Inge, playwright, 1913.

Deaths: Lorenzo Costa, painter, 1535; Henry Garnet, Jesuit priest, hanged for complicity in the Gunpowder Plot 1606; George Psalmanazar (real name not known), literary impostor and adventurer, 1763; James Morison, patent- pill purveyor, 1840; Thomas Hood, poet, 1845; Adolphe Adam, composer, 1856; Thomas Barry Sullivan, actor, 1891; Herbert Farjeon, critic and playwright, 1945; Henry Cornelius, film director, 1958; Karl Freund, film cameraman and director, 1969; George Lloyd Murphy, actor, dancer, singer and politician, 1992.

On this day: Jamaica was discovered by Columbus, 1494; Pedro Alvares Cabral, navigator, landed in Brazil, 1500; the Fifth Lateran Council began, 1512; the British defeated the French at the first Battle of Cape Finisterre, 1747; the first daily evening newspaper, the Star and Evening Advertiser, was issued in London, 1788; the first liberal constitution in Poland was accepted by the Diet, 1791; in France, Louis XVIII entered Paris and took the throne after the defeat of Napoleon, 1814; New Zealand was proclaimed a British colony, 1841; the first London production of the musical Show Boat was staged, 1928; the Festival of Britain opened, 1951; in the Antarctic, a new range of mountains was discovered with two peaks of over 13,000ft, 1956.

Today is the Feast Day of Saints Alexander, Eventius and Theodulus, St James the Less, St Juvenal of Narni, St Philip the Apostle, St Philip of Zell and Saints Timothy and Maura.

Start your day with The Independent, sign up for daily news emails
ebooks
ebooksAn introduction to the ground rules of British democracy
Latest stories from i100
Have you tried new the Independent Digital Edition apps?
Independent Dating
and  

By clicking 'Search' you
are agreeing to our
Terms of Use.

iJobs Job Widget
iJobs People

Ashdown Group: HR Manager - West London - £50,000

£40000 - £50000 per annum + bonus: Ashdown Group: HR Manager - West London - £...

Recruitment Genius: Recruitment & HR Administrator

£17000 - £18000 per annum: Recruitment Genius: This is an exciting opportunity...

Guru Careers: HR Manager / HR Business Partner

£55 - 65k (DOE) + Benefits: Guru Careers: A HR Manager / HR Business Partner i...

Recruitment Genius: Senior HR Assistant

£23000 - £25000 per annum: Recruitment Genius: The Company's vision is to be t...

Day In a Page

Seifeddine Rezgui: What motivated a shy student to kill 38 holidaymakers in Tunisia?

Making of a killer

What motivated a shy student to kill 38 holidaymakers in Tunisia?
Ajmer: The ancient Indian metropolis chosen to be a 'smart city' where residents would just be happy to have power and running water

Residents just want water and power in a city chosen to be a ‘smart’ metropolis

The Indian Government has launched an ambitious plan to transform 100 of its crumbling cities
How to stop an asteroid hitting Earth: Would people co-operate to face down a global peril?

How to stop an asteroid hitting Earth

Would people cooperate to face a global peril?
Just one day to find €1.6bn: Greece edges nearer euro exit

One day to find €1.6bn

Greece is edging inexorably towards an exit from the euro
New 'Iron Man' augmented reality technology could help surgeons and firefighters, say scientists

'Iron Man' augmented reality technology could become reality

Holographic projections would provide extra information on objects in a person's visual field in real time
Sugary drinks 'are killing 184,000 adults around the world every year'

Sugary drinks are killing 184,000 adults around the world every year

The drinks that should be eliminated from people's diets
Pride of Place: Historians map out untold LGBT histories of locations throughout UK

Historians map out untold LGBT histories

Public are being asked to help improve the map
Lionel, Patti, Burt and The Who rock Glasto

Lionel, Patti, Burt and The Who rock Glasto

This was the year of 24-carat Golden Oldies
Paris Fashion Week

Paris Fashion Week

Thom Browne's scarecrows offer a rare beacon in commercial offerings
A year of the caliphate:

Isis, a year of the caliphate

Who can defeat the so-called 'Islamic State' – and how?
Marks and Spencer: Can a new team of designers put the spark back into the high-street brand?

Marks and Spencer

Can a new team of designers put the spark back into the high-street brand?
'We haven't invaded France': Italy's Prime Minister 'reclaims' Europe's highest peak

'We haven't invaded France'

Italy's Prime Minister 'reclaims' Europe's highest peak
Isis in Kobani: Why we ignore the worst of the massacres

Why do we ignore the worst of the massacres?

The West’s determination not to offend its Sunni allies helps Isis and puts us all at risk, says Patrick Cockburn
7/7 bombings 10 years on: Four emergency workers who saved lives recall the shocking day that 52 people were killed

Remembering 7/7 ten years on

Four emergency workers recall their memories of that day – and reveal how it's affected them ever since
Humans: Are the scientists developing robots in danger of replicating the hit Channel 4 drama?

They’re here to help

We want robots to do our drudge work, and to look enough like us for comfort. But are the scientists developing artificial intelligence in danger of replicating the TV drama Humans?