Anniversaries

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The Independent Online
Births: Robert Cecil, first Earl of Salisbury, statesman, 1563; Henry Francis Lyte, hymn-writer, 1793; Brigham Young, Mormon leader, 1801; Henry Kemble, actor and comedian, 1848; John Edward Masefield, poet and novelist, 1878; John Drinkwater, writer and playwright, 1882; Charles Kay Ogden, linguist and originator of Basic English, 1889; Molly Picon, actress and comedienne, 1899; Air Commodore Sir Frank Whittle, inventor of the jet engine, 1907; (Beatrice) Joan Caulfield, actress, 1922; Marilyn Monroe (Norma Jean Mortenson), actress, 1926.

Deaths: Marcus Didius Salvius Julianus, Roman emperor, murdered 193; Honore d'Urfe, writer, 1625; Cornelius Huysmans, painter, 1727; James Gillray, caricaturist, 1815; Sir David Wilkie, painter, at sea off Gibraltar 1841; Sir John Watson Gordon, painter, 1864; Charles Lever, novelist, 1872; Sir Francis Seymour Haden, surgeon and etcher, 1910; Lizzie Andrew Borden, alleged axe murderess, 1927; Sir Hugh Seymour Walpole, novelist, 1941; Ion Antonescu, Romanian dictator, executed for war crimes 1946; John Dewey, educationist and philosopher, 1952; John Gunther, journalist, 1970; Eric Honeywood Partridge, lexicographer, 1979; Helen Adams Keller, blind, deaf and mute scholar, 1968; Richard Greene, actor, 1985.

On this day: the Act of Settlement was passed, 1701; the French fleet was defeated at the Battle of the "Glorious First of June" near Brest, 1794; Sir James Clark Ross located the magnetic North Pole, 1831; the Pharmaceutical Society of Great Britain was founded, 1841; lunch was served on the first Pullman train on a British railway, which ran from St Pancras to Bedford, 1874; the first Zeppelin air raid took place over Britain, 1915; the Battle of Jutland ended, 1916; the submarine HMS Thetis sank in Liverpool Bay with the loss of 99 lives, 1939; British forces completed their evacuation of Crete, 1941; a combined television and radio licence was introduced in Britain, 1946; the first Premium Bonds were drawn, 1957; General Charles de Gaulle became prime minister of France, 1958; the Iraq Petroleum Company was nationalised by the Iraqi state, 1972; the monarchy was abolished in Greece, and George Papadopoulos became the first president of the republic, 1973.

Today is the Feast Day of St Candida or Wite, St Caprasius of Lerins, St Inigo or Eneco, St Justin, St Pamphilus of Caesarea, St Proculus the Bishop, St Proculus the Soldier, St Simeon of Syracuse, St Theobald of Alba and St Wistan.

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