Tuesday 11 August 1998
Deaths: John I, King of Portugal, 1433; Janos Corvinus Hunyadi, Hungarian leader, 1456; Hans Memling, painter, 1495; Johan Tetzel, Dominican monk and seller of indulgences, 1519; Ottavio Piccolomini, Duke of Amalfi, military commander, 1656; Arthur Elphinstone, sixth Baron Balmerino, executed 1746; Henry James Pye, poet, 1813; Sir Samuel Auchmuty, general, 1822; Marshall Hall, physiologist, 1857; James Wilson, founder of the Economist, 1860; Richard Monckton Milnes, first Baron Houghton, MP and poet, 1885; John Henry Newman, Cardinal, 1890; Andrew Carnegie, industrialist and philanthropist, 1919; Joaquin Sorolla y Bastida, painter, 1923; Edith Newbold Jones Wharton, novelist, 1937; Paul Jackson Pollock, abstract painter, 1956.
On this day: Sir Martin Frobisher entered the bay now named after him, 1576; the Battle of Passero Cape was fought when Admiral Byng attacked the Spanish fleet, 1718; Penang was ceded to Britain by the Rajah of Kedah, 1786; during severe earthquakes in the Azores, the village of Sao Miguel sank, 1810; the bridge at Walton-on-Thames collapsed, 1859; the "moons" of Mars, Phobos and Deimos, were discovered by Professor Asaph Hall, astronomer, 1877; after the collapse of a burning bridge at Chatsworth, Illinois, 81 passengers in a train were killed, 1887; the Atlantic Charter was signed by Winston Churchill and President Roosevelt, 1941; the new Waterloo Bridge, London, was opened to traffic, 1942; King Talal of Jordan was deposed because of his mental illness, 1952; King Hussein succeeded to the throne of Jordan, 1952; the French colony of Chad became independent, 1960; in Bangladesh, monsoon floods resulted in the deaths of over 2,000 people, 1974; a burst dam on the Manchhu river, Morvi, Gujaret, India, resulted in the deaths of over 5,000 people, 1979.
Today is the Feast Day of St Alexander of Comana, St Attracta or Araght, St Blane, St Clare of Assisi, St Equitius, St Gerard of Gallinaro, St Gery or Gaugericus, St Lelia, St Susanna and St Tiburtius.
From the blogs
As a reluctant vegetarian (so reluctant that I'm not vegetarian at all) and a reluctant risotto eate...
Time for the monthly treat from David Hayes, who writes about British politics for the Australian In...
Nadine Dorries talks freely about many things, but not whether she was paid to go on I'm a Cleberity...
Thirteen-year-old Conor awakes in bed one night to discover that the yew tree outside his house has ...
Serena Williams apologises after comment that rape victim 'shouldn't have put herself in that position'
Bankers could face jail after report urges the Government to introduce new criminal offence for reckless management
Feat of engineering: Incredible photographs show construction beneath New York's Second Avenue
World news in pictures
Google challenges US surveillance gagging order
- 1 Serena Williams apologises after comment that rape victim 'shouldn't have put herself in that position'
- 2 Disability campaigners celebrate 'victory' after government rethink over plans to make it more difficult to claim disability benefits
- 3 Bankers could face jail after report urges the Government to introduce new criminal offence for reckless management
- 4 Breaking the Silence: In the reality of occupation, there are no Palestinian civilians – only potential terrorists
- 5 We never knew Nigella Lawson - and we still don’t