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Births: Ivan IV ("The Terrible"), Tsar of Russia, 1530; Waldo David Frank, novelist, 1889; Bob Crosby (Robert George Crosby), dance bandleader, 1913; Leonard Bernstein, conductor and composer, 1918.

Deaths: St Louis IX, King of France, a victim of the plague, 1270; Jan van der Meer (Jan Vermeer van Haarlem), painter, buried 1691; David Hume, philosopher and historian, 1776; James Watt, engineer and inventor, 1819; Sir William (Friedrich Wilhelm) Herschel, astronomer, 1822; Michael Faraday, chemist and physicist, 1867; Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche, philosopher, 1900; Ignace-Henri Joseph-Theodore Fantin-Latour, painter, 1904; Alphonse James Albert Symons, biographer, 1941; The Duke of Kent, killed in an air crash on active service 1942; Alfred Charles Kinsey, sex investigator, 1956; Truman Capote, writer, 1984.

On this day: the first daily scheduled airline flights started between London and Paris, 1919; the Treaty of Berlin was signed, making peace between Germany and the US, 1921; Ramsay MacDonald formed a National Government, 1931; the RAF made the first air raid on Berlin, 1940; Paris was liberated by the Allies, 1944; the XVIIth Olympic Games opened in Rome, 1960.

Today is the Feast Day of St Ebba, St Genesius of Arles, St Genesius the Comedian, St Gregory of Utrecht, St Joan Antide-Thouret, St Joseph Calasanctius, St Louis IX, King of France, St Mennas of Constantinople and St Patricia.