Tuesday 17 June 1997
Births: Edward I, King, 1239; Pedro Caldern de la Barca, playwright, 1600; Jan van Mieris, painter, 1660; John Wesley, evangelist, 1703; Ferdinand Freiligrath, poet, 1810; Charles-Francois Gounod, composer, 1818; Alfred James Hipkins, piano maker, 1826; Sir William Crookes, physicist, 1832; Igor Fyodorovich Stravinsky, composer, 1882; Martin Bormann, Nazi leader, 1900; Dean Martin (Dino Paul Crocetti), singer and actor, 1917. Deaths: Giacomo Torelli, theatrical designer, 1678; John III Sobieski, King of Poland, 1696; Joseph Addison, essayist, 1719; Jean Audran, artist and engraver, 1756; Prosper-Jolyot de Crebillon, playwright, 1762; Selina Hastings, Countess of Huntingdon, Methodist reformer, 1791; Lord William Bentinck, governor-general of India, 1839; Richard Harris Barham, poet and author of the Ingoldsby Legends, 1845; William Hart, landscape and cattle painter, 1894; Sir Edward Coley Burne-Jones, painter, 1898; Dorothy Miller Richardson, novelist, 1957; John Cowper Powys, novelist and poet, 1963. On this day: Francis Drake proclaimed English sovereignty over New Albion (now California), 1579; the Battle of Bunker Hill, beginning the American War of Independence, was fought, 1775; the Third Estate (tiers etat) or Commons, formed themselves into the French National Assembly, 1789; the Opera House, London, burned down, 1789; Maori uprisings against the British began in New Zealand, 1843; the Great Eastern left the Needles, Isle of Wight, on her first transatlantic voyage, 1860; Iceland was proclaimed an independent republic, 1944; China reported that she had exploded a hydrogen bomb, 1967; General Leopoldo Galtieri was ousted as president of Argentina, 1982; the South African Parliament repealed a law, by which apartheid was ended, 1991. Today is the Feast Day of St Adolph, St Antidius, St Avitus or Avy of Perche, St Bessarion, Saints Botulph and Adulph, St Emily de Vialar, St Gregory Barbarigo, St Herve or Herveus of Brittany, St Hypatius, St Molling, St Nectan, Saints Nicander and Marcian and St Teresa of Portugal.
- 1 This 'woman calls police to order pizza' story isn't going where you're expecting
- 2 Axe wielding man shot dead after attacking four New York policemen on busy street
- 3 Watch what happened when food critics were unknowingly served McDonald's
- 4 Jimmy Carr's Oscar Pistorius joke goes a bit too far at the Q Awards
- 5 Ottawa shootings: Bruce MacKinnon's cartoon is the perfect tribute to soldier Nathan Cirillo
Renee Zellweger on plastic surgery rumours: 'I'm living a more fulfilling life and I'm thrilled that perhaps it shows'
FCKH8: YouTube reinstates provocative anti-sexism video showing young girls swearing
Axe wielding man shot dead after attacking four New York policemen on busy street
This 'woman calls police to order pizza' story isn't going where you're expecting
Jimmy Carr's Oscar Pistorius joke goes a bit too far at the Q Awards
Of course, teenage girls need role models – but not like beauty vlogger Zoella
Cameron is warned 'no possibility' of UK reducing immigration and that bid to bring in quota on migrant workers would be illegal
Support for EU membership 'at highest level since 1991' with most Brits wanting to stay 'in'
Thousands with degenerative conditions classified as 'fit to work in future' – despite no possibility of improvement
Attacks on 'Ukip Calypso' show how skewed people’s priorities are
London bus driver 'kicks gay couple off for kissing'
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