Saturday 31 May 1997
TOMORROW: Births: Robert Cecil, first Earl of Salisbury, statesman, 1563; Henry Francis Lyte, hymn-writer, 1793; Brigham Young, Mormon leader, 1801; John Edward Masefield, poet and novelist, 1878; John Drinkwater, author and playwright, 1882; Charles Kay Ogden, linguist and originator of Basic English, 1889; Air Commodore Sir Frank Whittle, inventor of the jet engine, 1907; (Beatrice) Joan Caulfield, actress, 1922; Marilyn Monroe (Norma Jean Mortenson), actress, 1926. Deaths: Cornelius Huysmans, painter, 1727; James Gillray, caricaturist, 1815; Sir David Wilkie, painter, at sea off Gibraltar 1841; Charles Lever, novelist, 1872; Lizzie Andrew Borden, alleged axe murderess, 1927; Sir Hugh Seymour Walpole, novelist, 1941; Ion Antonescu, Romanian dictator, executed for war crimes 1946; John Dewey, educationist and philosopher, 1952; Eric Honeywood Partridge, lexicographer, 1979; Helen Adams Keller, blind, deaf and mute scholar, 1968. On this day: the Act of Settlement, regulating succession to the throne, was passed, 1701; the French fleet was defeated at the Battle of the "Glorious First of June" near Brest, 1794; the US frigate Chesapeake was captured by HMS Shannon, 1813; Sir James Clark Ross located the magnetic North Pole, 1831; Prince Otto of Bavaria became King of Greece, 1835; the Pharmaceutical Society of Great Britain was founded, 1841; lunch was served on the first Pullman train on a British railway which ran from St Pancras to Bedford, 1874; Bombardier Billy Wells was knocked out by Georges Carpentier in the heavyweight boxing championship of Europe, 1913; the first Zeppelin air raid took place over Britain, 1915; the Battle of Jutland ended, 1916; British forces completed their evacuation of Crete, 1941; a combined television and radio licence was introduced in Britain, 1946; the first Premium Bonds were drawn, 1957; General Charles de Gaulle became prime minister of France, 1958; Andreas Baader, a leader of the West German terrorist Baader-Meinhoff gang, was captured in Frankfurt, 1973; the monarchy was abolished in Greece, and George Papadopoulos became the first president of the republic, 1973. Tomorrow is the Feast Day of St Candida or Wite, St Caprasius of Lerins, St Inigo or Eneco, St Justin, St Pamphilus of Caesarea, St Proculus the Bishop, St Proculus the Soldier, St Simeon of Syracuse, St Theobald of Alba and St Wistan.
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