Saturday 31 May 1997
TOMORROW: Births: Robert Cecil, first Earl of Salisbury, statesman, 1563; Henry Francis Lyte, hymn-writer, 1793; Brigham Young, Mormon leader, 1801; John Edward Masefield, poet and novelist, 1878; John Drinkwater, author and playwright, 1882; Charles Kay Ogden, linguist and originator of Basic English, 1889; Air Commodore Sir Frank Whittle, inventor of the jet engine, 1907; (Beatrice) Joan Caulfield, actress, 1922; Marilyn Monroe (Norma Jean Mortenson), actress, 1926. Deaths: Cornelius Huysmans, painter, 1727; James Gillray, caricaturist, 1815; Sir David Wilkie, painter, at sea off Gibraltar 1841; Charles Lever, novelist, 1872; Lizzie Andrew Borden, alleged axe murderess, 1927; Sir Hugh Seymour Walpole, novelist, 1941; Ion Antonescu, Romanian dictator, executed for war crimes 1946; John Dewey, educationist and philosopher, 1952; Eric Honeywood Partridge, lexicographer, 1979; Helen Adams Keller, blind, deaf and mute scholar, 1968. On this day: the Act of Settlement, regulating succession to the throne, was passed, 1701; the French fleet was defeated at the Battle of the "Glorious First of June" near Brest, 1794; the US frigate Chesapeake was captured by HMS Shannon, 1813; Sir James Clark Ross located the magnetic North Pole, 1831; Prince Otto of Bavaria became King of Greece, 1835; the Pharmaceutical Society of Great Britain was founded, 1841; lunch was served on the first Pullman train on a British railway which ran from St Pancras to Bedford, 1874; Bombardier Billy Wells was knocked out by Georges Carpentier in the heavyweight boxing championship of Europe, 1913; the first Zeppelin air raid took place over Britain, 1915; the Battle of Jutland ended, 1916; British forces completed their evacuation of Crete, 1941; a combined television and radio licence was introduced in Britain, 1946; the first Premium Bonds were drawn, 1957; General Charles de Gaulle became prime minister of France, 1958; Andreas Baader, a leader of the West German terrorist Baader-Meinhoff gang, was captured in Frankfurt, 1973; the monarchy was abolished in Greece, and George Papadopoulos became the first president of the republic, 1973. Tomorrow is the Feast Day of St Candida or Wite, St Caprasius of Lerins, St Inigo or Eneco, St Justin, St Pamphilus of Caesarea, St Proculus the Bishop, St Proculus the Soldier, St Simeon of Syracuse, St Theobald of Alba and St Wistan.
- 1 BBC told new political editor must be 'impartial' with Nick Robinson reportedly stepping down
- 2 Number of young homeless people in Britain is 'more than three times the official figures'
- 3 Humans of New York image of crying gay teen receives best response yet from Ellen DeGeneres
- 4 The map showing the most dangerous tourist destinations in Europe, according to the Foreign Office
- 5 Swedish minister gives strongest case yet on why EU should stop turning away asylum seekers
BBC told new political editor must be 'impartial' with Nick Robinson reportedly stepping down
Isis propaganda video shows 25 Syrian soldiers executed by teenage militants in Palmyra
Number of young homeless people in Britain is 'more than three times the official figures'
Humans of New York image of crying gay teen receives best response yet from Ellen DeGeneres
The map showing the most dangerous tourist destinations in Europe, according to the Foreign Office
More Britons believe that multiculturalism makes the country worse - not better, says poll
Nathan Collier: Montana man inspired by same-sex marriage ruling requests right to wed two wives
Greece crisis: IMF was pushed around by Angela Merkel and Nicholas Sarkozy – and now it is being humiliated
Forget little green men – aliens will look like humans, says Cambridge University evolution expert
Girl, 7, stares down hate preacher at Ohio festival with pro-LGBT rainbow flag gesture
Osborne to cap family benefits at £23,000 – announced ahead of his post-election Budget
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