Births: George III, King, 1738; John Scott, first Earl of Eldon, Lord High Chancellor of England, 1751; Sir James Pennethorne, architect, 1801; Garnet Joseph, first Viscount Wolseley, soldier, 1833; Josef Sittard, writer on music, 1846; Julius Janssen, conductor and composer, 1852; Nassau William Senior, economist, 1864; Gustavus Karl Mannerheim, soldier and statesman, 1867. Deaths: Giovanni Jacopo Casanova, adventurer and writer, 1798; Nicolai Abraham Abildgaard, painter, 1809; William Edward Frost, painter, 1877; Eugen Adam, painter, 1880; Emily Wilding Davidson, suffragette, trampled to death by a horse at the Derby 1913; William Halse Rivers Rivers, psychologist and anthropologist, 1922; Frederick Robert Spofforth, cricketer, 1926; Ibn Ali Hussein, King of the Hejaz, 1931; Wilhelm II, former Emperor of Germany, 1941; Georg Kaiser, playwright, 1945; Serge Koussevitsky, conductor, 1951; Dorothy Gish (de Guiche), actress, 1968; (Horace Greeley) Hjalmar Schacht, Nazi minister, 1970; Gyorgy Lukacs, philosopher, 1971. On this day: Frederick the Great defeated the Austrians and Saxons in the Battle of Hohenfriedberg, Silesia, 1745; Mme Thible, an opera singer, was the first woman to fly in a hot-air balloon, 1784; Leopold, Duke of Kendal (Georges Chretien Frederic), was proclaimed first King of the Belgians, 1831; war broke out between Mexico and the United States, 1845; the French defeated the Austrians at the Battle of Magenta, 1859; the Order of the British Empire was instituted, 1917; the British evacuation from Dunkirk was completed, 1940; Rome was liberated by the Allies, 1944; Tonga became independent, 1970. Today is the Feast Day of St Francis Caracciolo, St Metrophanes, St Optatus of Milevis, St Petroc, St Quirinus of Siscia and St Vincentia Gerosa.

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