Saturday 25 May 1996
Tomorrow: Births: Charles, Duc d'Orleans, poet, 1391; Jacopo da (Carucci) Pontormo, painter, 1494; Sir Harry Vane, statesman, 1613; John Churchill, first Duke of Marlborough, military commander, 1650; Lady Mary Wortley Montagu, writer, 1689; Edmond Louis-Antoine Huot de Goncourt, novelist, 1822; Sir Hubert von Herkomer, painter, 1849; Princess Mary of Teck (Queen Mary, consort of King George V), 1867; Al Jolson (Asa Yoelson), singer and entertainer, 1886; Sir Eugene Aynesley Goossens, composer and conductor, 1893; John Wayne (Marion Michael Morrison), actor, 1907; Robert Morley, actor and playwright, 1908; Sir Matt (Matthew) Busby, football manager and president, 1909. Deaths: St Augustine, first Archbishop of Canterbury, 604; Samuel Pepys, diarist, 1703; Thomas Southerne, playwright, 1746; Jacques Laffitte, banker and politician, 1844; Jean-Joseph Benjamin Constant, painter, 1902; Wilbur Daniel Steele, short story writer, 1970; Jacques Lipchitz, sculptor and poet, 1973; George Brent (George Brendan Nolan), film actor, 1979. On this day: Napoleon Buonaparte was crowned King of Italy in Milan Cathedral, 1805; the wild boy Kaspar Hauser was discovered in the marketplace of Nuremberg, 1828; the Russian army defeated the Poles following their revolt, Ostrolenka 1831; the Confederate Army surrendered in Texas, so ending the American Civil War, 1865; in the United States, President Johnson proclaimed an amnesty to all Confederate States, 1865; Michael Barrett, a Fenian terrorist, was hanged for causing an explosion and 13 deaths - Britain's last public execution, 1868; Mount Etna in Sicily started a series of violent eruptions, 1870; Ismailia was annexed to Egypt, 1871; Vauxhall Bridge, London, was opened, 1906; Emily Duncan, the first woman magistrate in Britain, was appointed a Justice of the Peace, 1913; in South Africa, a Nationalist government was elected with apartheid policies, 1948; Guyana became independent, 1966; an Icelandic gunboat shelled and holed a British trawler, 1973. Tomorrow is Pentecost (Whit Sunday) and the Feast Day of St Dyfan, St Lambert of Venice, St Mariana of Quito, St Philip Neri, St Priscus or Prix of Auxerre and St Quadratus of Athens.
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- 5 Modern society encapsulated in five seconds
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