Wednesday 13 November 1996
Births: St Augustine of Hippo, 354; Edward III, King of England, 1312; General Sir John Moore, 1761; Edward John Trelawny, writer and traveller, 1792; Henry Brinley Richards, pianist and composer, 1819; Charles Frederick Worth, couturier, 1825; James Clerk Maxwell, physicist, 1831; Edwin Thomas Booth, actor, 1833; Robert Louis Balfour Stevenson, writer and traveller, 1850; John Drew, actor, 1853; George Whitefield Chadwick, composer, 1854; Eugene Ionesco, author and playwright, 1912. Deaths: Pope St Nicholas the Great, 867; Malcolm III, King of the Scots, killed 1093; Prince Henry the Navigator, 1460; Lodovico Carracci, painter, 1619; George Sale, Orientalist and translator of the Koran, 1736; William Etty, painter, 1849; Arthur Hugh Clough, poet, 1861; Gioacchino Antonio Rossini, composer, 1868; Camille Pissarro, painter, 1903; Francis Thompson, poet, 1907; Roark Whitney Wickliffe Bradford, novelist, 1948; Elsa Schiaparelli, couturiere, 1973; Robert Cedric Sherriff, playwright and novelist, 1975; Chesney Allen, comedian, 1982. On this day: Malcolm was slain and the Scots defeated by the English at Alnwick, 1093; the Jacobites were defeated at Sheriffmuir and Preston, 1715; Texas declared its independence of Mexico, 1835; the telegraphic service between London and Paris started, 1851; serious casualties occurred among Socialist and Irish agitators on Bloody Sunday in Trafalgar Square, 1887; the fourth phase of the Battle of the Somme began, 1916; the inner coffin of Tutankhamen was opened at Luxor, 1925; Ahmed Soekarno became president of the Republic of Indonesia, 1945; Iceland agreed a plan to end the ``Cod War'' with Britain, 1973; a state of emergency was proclaimed in Britain, following an overtime ban by electricity and coal workers, 1973. Today is the Feast Day of St Abbo of Fleury, St Arcadius, St Brice or Britius, St Didacus or Diego of Seville, St Eugenius of Toledo, St Frances Xavia Cabrini, St Homobonus, St Maxellendis, St Nicholas I, pope and St Stanislaus Kostka.
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World news in pictures
Google challenges US surveillance gagging order
- 1 Disability campaigners celebrate 'victory' after government rethink over plans to make it more difficult to claim disability benefits
- 2 'Jail reckless bankers': Report urges the Government to introduce new criminal offence for reckless management
- 3 Breaking the Silence: In the reality of occupation, there are no Palestinian civilians – only potential terrorists
- 4 Uri Geller psychic spy? The spoon-bender's secret life as a Mossad and CIA agent revealed
- 5 Vice pulls 'breathtakingly tasteless' fashion shoot glorifying the suicides of famous female authors from Sylvia Plath to Virginia Woolf