Saturday 19 October 1996
Births: Alfred Dreyfus, army officer, 1859; Auguste-Marie Louis-Nicolas Lumiere, photographic pioneer, 1862. Deaths: Jonathan Swift, author, satirist and clergyman, 1745; George Mortimer Pullman, sleeping-car manufacturer, 1897; Ernest, first Baron Rutherford of Nelson, physicist, 1937. On this day: Napoleon began his retreat from Moscow, 1812; Wagner's opera Tannhauser was first performed, Dresden, 1845; the People's Republic of China was proclaimed, 1949; President Samora Machel of Mozambique and about 30 of his staff were killed in the plane crash on the South African border, 1986. Today is the Feast Day of St Aquilinus of Evreux, St Charles Garnier, St Cleopatra, St Ethbin, St Frideswide, St Gabriel Lalemant, Saints Jean Brebeuf and Isaac Jogues, St John of Lalande, St Noel Chabanel, St Paul of the Cross, St Peter of Alcantara, St Philip Howard, Saints Ptolemaeus and Lucius St Rene Goupil and St Varus.
TOMORROW: Births: Sir Christopher Wren, mathematician and architect, 1632; Odilon Redon, painter and lithographer, 1840; Jean-Nicolas Arthur Rimbaud, poet, 1854; Charles Edward Ives, composer, 1874; Anna Neagle (Marjorie Rob-ertson), actress, 1904. Deaths: Jacopo della Quercia, sculptor, 1438; Sir Richard Francis Burton, explorer and Arabic scholar, 1890; Jack Buchanan, actor and singer, 1957; Bud Flanagan (Robert Winthrop), ''Crazy Gang'' comedian, 1968; Sir John Anthony Quayle, actor, 1989. On this day: the Sunday Times was first published, 1822; in Italy, Benito Mussolini, Fascist leader, seized power, 1922; Aristotle Onassis married Jacqueline Kennedy, 1968; the Sydney Opera House was opened to the public, 1973. Tomorrow is the Feast Day of St Acca, St Andrew the Calybite of Crete, St Artemius, St Bertilla Boscardin and St Caprasius of Agen.
The legendary human rights activist, OBE, started her 70 year career working with Holocaust survivors. Colin Firth & Emma Thompson pay tribute
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- 2 Crystal Palace next manager latest: Palace consider Ally McCoist - EXCLUSIVE
- 3 Richard Dawkins on babies with Down Syndrome: 'Abort it and try again – it would be immoral to bring it into the world'
- 4 ALS ice bucket challenge co-founder Corey Griffin drowns, aged 27
- 5 Tim Sherwood column: 'It started as a three-horse race but turned into the Grand National'
'Alien thigh bone' on Mars: Excitement from alien hunters at 'evidence' of extraterrestrial life
West poised to join forces with Assad in face of Islamic State
Pamela Anderson rejects ice bucket challenge because of ALS experiments on animals: 'Mice had holes drilled into their skulls'
James Foley 'beheaded': Isis video shows militant with British accent 'execute US journalist' – as hunt begins for killer
ALS ice bucket challenge co-founder Corey Griffin drowns, aged 27
Richard Dawkins on babies with Down Syndrome: 'Abort it and try again – it would be immoral to bring it into the world'
Scottish independence: English people overwhelmingly want Scotland to stay in the UK
Isis threat: Cameron wants an alliance with Iran
Michael Brown shooting: Chaos erupts on the streets of Ferguson after autopsy shows teenager was shot six times – twice in the head
Bin bag full of cats' heads discovered near Manchester's Curry Mile
Disgusting, frustrating, but intriguing: how the country really feels about its politicians
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