Births: Charlemagne (Charles I, Carolus Magnus) King of the Franks and Emperor of the West, 742; Maria Sibylla Merian (Graff), painter and engraver, 1647; Hans Christian Andersen, author, 1805; William Holman Hunt, Pre-Raphaelite painter, 1827; Leon Gambetta, statesman, 1838; Emile-Edouard Charles-Antoine Zola, novelist, 1840; Sir Neville Cardus, cricket and music writer, 1889; Jack Buchanan, actor and singer, 1891; Max Ernst, Surrealist painter and sculptor, 1891; Serge Lifar, choreographer, 1905.

Deaths: Gerard Edelinck, engraver, 1707; Honore-Gabriel Riquetti, Comte de Mirabeau, politician and writer, 1791; Richard Cobden, politician, 1865 Samuel Finley Breese Morse, inventor, 1872; Vibhaji Ranjitsinghi, Maharaja of Nawanagar, cricketer, 1933; Jean Epstein, film director, 1953; Cecil Scott Forester, novelist, 1966; Georges-Jean Raymond Pompidou, President of France, 1974.

On this day: the Royal Society was granted its Charter, 1663; the Mint of the United States was established, 1792; the first parliament of Italy met at Turin, 1860; the Oxford and Cambridge Boat Race was first broadcast, 1927; Sir Edward German's operetta Merrie England was first performed, London 1902; Sandhurst and Woolwich were combined to form the Royal Military Academy at Sandhurst, 1946; the United Nations Security Council voted to place former Japanese- held Pacific Islands under United States trusteeship, 1947; Nato Allied Command, Europe, was set up, 1951; Argentina invaded and captured the Falkland Islands, 1982.

Today is the Feast Day of Saints Apphian and Theodosia, St Francis of Paola, St John Payne, St Mary of Egypt, St Nicetius or Nizier of Lyons and St Zosimus.


Births: Philip III, King of France, 1245; Henry IV, King of England, 1367; The Rev George Herbert, clergyman and poet, 1593; John Abernethy, surgeon, 1764; Washington Irving, essayist and historian, 1783; Edward Everett Hale, writer, 1822; James Barry Munnik Hertzog, statesman, 1866; Joseph Aloysius (Allan) Dwan, film director, 1885; Dooley (Arthur) Wilson, singer, 1894; Henry Robinson Luce, publisher and founder, Time and Fortune magazines, 1898; Hugh Burden, actor, 1913.

Deaths: Pope Honorius IV, 1287; Bartolome Esteban Murillo, painter, 1682; Sir John Friend and Sir William Parkyns, executed for attempting to assassinate King William III 1696; Jean Adam, poet, 1765; Bishop Reginald Heber, hymn-writer, 1826; John Wilson ('Christopher North'), author and philosopher, 1854; Sir James Clark Ross, explorer, 1862; Franz Berwald, composer, 1868; Jesse Woodson James, outlaw, shot in the back 1882; Johannes Brahms, pianist and composer, 1897; Richard D'Oyly Carte, operatic impresario, 1901; Jean de Reszke (Jan Mieczyslaw), singer, 1925; Madame Albani (Marie-Louise Lejeunesse), singer, 1930; Bruno Richard Hauptmann, executed by electrocution for the murder of the Lindbergh baby 1936; Kurt Julian Weill, composer, 1950; Ferde Grofe (Ferdinand Rudolf von Grofe), composer, 1972; Ray (Stanley Raymond) Noble, bandleader and composer, 1978; Henry Graham Greene, novelist, 1991.

On this day: the Peace of Cateau- Cambresis, ending Habsburg-

Valois wars, was signed, 1559; the first Pony Express began at St Joseph, Missouri, across the United States to Sacramento, California, 1860; Mrs Emily Pankhurst was sentenced to three years' penal servitude for inciting others to place explosives at the house of David Lloyd George, 1913; Haile Selassie (Ras Tafari) was proclaimed Emperor of Ethiopia, 1930; the first London performance of the musical show Rio Rita was staged, 1930; the German Afrika Korps captured Benghazi in Libya, 1941; the Arab nations concluded an armistice with Israel, 1949; in Korea, a Japanese Boeing 727 was hijacked by nine Japanese and flown to Pyongyang, 1970; after two false starts, the Grand National was declared void, 1993.

Tomorrow is Easter Day and the Feast Day of Saints Agape, Chionia, and Irene, St Burgundofara or Fare, St Nicetas, St Pancras of Taormina, St Richard of Chichester and St Sixtus I, pope.

ebooksAn unforgettable anthology of contemporary reportage
Latest stories from i100
Have you tried new the Independent Digital Edition apps?
Independent Dating

By clicking 'Search' you
are agreeing to our
Terms of Use.

iJobs Job Widget
iJobs People

HR Advisor - North London / North West London

£30000 - £35000 per annum + Benefits: Ashdown Group: HR Advisor - North London...

Finance Manager - Recruitment Business (Media & Entertainment)

£28000 - £32000 per annum + negotiable: Sauce Recruitment: We have an exciting...

HR Advisor - North London / North West London

£30000 - £35000 per annum + Benefits: Ashdown Group: HR Advisor - North London...

HR Advisor - North London / North West London

£30000 - £35000 per annum + Benefits: Ashdown Group: HR Advisor - North London...

Day In a Page

Two super-sized ships have cruised into British waters, but how big can these behemoths get?

Super-sized ships: How big can they get?

Two of the largest vessels in the world cruised into UK waters last week
British doctors on brink of 'cure' for paralysis with spinal cord treatment

British doctors on brink of cure for paralysis

Sufferers can now be offered the possibility of cure thanks to a revolutionary implant of regenerative cells
Ranked seventh in world’s best tourist cities - not London, or Edinburgh, but Salisbury

Salisbury ranked seventh in world’s best tourist cities

The city is home to one of the four surviving copies of the Magna Carta, along with the world’s oldest mechanical clock
Let's talk about loss

We need to talk about loss

Secrecy and silence surround stillbirth
Will there be an all-female mission to Mars?

Will there be an all-female mission to Mars?

Women may be better suited to space travel than men are
Oscar Pistorius sentencing: The athlete's wealth and notoriety have provoked a long overdue debate on South African prisons

'They poured water on, then electrified me...'

If Oscar Pistorius is sent to jail, his experience will not be that of other inmates
James Wharton: The former Guard now fighting discrimination against gay soldiers

The former Guard now fighting discrimination against gay soldiers

Life after the Army has brought new battles for the LGBT activist James Wharton
Ebola in the US: Panic over the virus threatens to infect President Obama's midterms

Panic over Ebola threatens to infect the midterms

Just one person has died, yet November's elections may be affected by what Republicans call 'Obama's Katrina', says Rupert Cornwell
Premier League coaches join the RSC to swap the tricks of their trades

Darling, you were fabulous! But offside...

Premier League coaches are joining the RSC to learn acting skills, and in turn they will teach its actors to play football. Nick Clark finds out why
How to dress with authority: Kirsty Wark and Camila Batmanghelidjh discuss the changing role of fashion in women's workwear

How to dress with authority

Kirsty Wark and Camila Batmanghelidjh discuss the changing role of fashion in women's workwear
New book on Joy Division's Ian Curtis sheds new light on the life of the late singer

New book on Ian Curtis sheds fresh light on the life of the late singer

'Joy Division were making art... Ian was for real' says author Jon Savage
Sean Harris: A rare interview with British acting's secret weapon

Sean Harris: A rare interview with British acting's secret weapon

The Bafta-winner talks Hollywood, being branded a psycho, and how Barbra Streisand is his true inspiration
Tim Minchin, interview: The musician, comedian and world's favourite ginger is on scorching form

Tim Minchin interview

For a no-holds-barred comedian who is scathing about woolly thinking and oppressive religiosity, he is surprisingly gentle in person
Boris Johnson's boozing won't win the puritan vote

Boris's boozing won't win the puritan vote

Many of us Brits still disapprove of conspicuous consumption – it's the way we were raised, says DJ Taylor
Ash frontman Tim Wheeler reveals how he came to terms with his father's dementia

Tim Wheeler: Alzheimer's, memories and my dad

Wheeler's dad suffered from Alzheimer's for three years. When he died, there was only one way the Ash frontman knew how to respond: with a heartfelt solo album