Monday 04 April 1994
Deaths: Alfonso X, King of Castile and Leon, 1284; Frederick II, King of Denmark, 1588; Thomas Churchyard, poet and pamphleteer, 1604; John Napier, mathematician and inventor of logarithms, 1617; Oliver Goldsmith, playwright, 1774; Joseph-Jerome Le Francais de Lalande, astronomer, 1807; Andre Massena, Duc de Rivoli and Prince d'Essling, soldier, 1817; John Campbell, philanthropist and founder of the Religious Tract Society of Scotland, 1840; William Henry Harrison, ninth US President, 1841; Sir William Crookes, physicist and chemist, 1919; Karl Friedrich Benz, automobile engineer, 1929; Andre Michelin, tyre manufacturer, 1931; Ghazi, King of Iraq, 1939; Martin Luther King, clergyman and civil-rights leader, assassinated 1968; Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, former prime minister of Pakistan, executed 1979; Gloria Swanson (Gloria Josephine Mae Swenson), actress, 1983.
On this day: the University of Basle, Switzerland, was founded, 1460; Ignatius of Loyola became the first Superior-General of the Jesuits, 1541; Francis Drake completed his circumnavigation of the world and was knighted by Queen Elizabeth I, 1581; King James II ordered his Declaration of Indulgence to be read in churches, 1687; during the American Civil War, the Battle of Yorktown started, 1862; gold was discovered in the Yukon, 1896; a Chinese republic was proclaimed in Tibet, 1912; the first London performance of the musical show The New Moon was staged, 1929; the dirigible airship Akron crashed off the New Jersey coast, with the loss of 73 lives, 1933; British troops captured Addis Ababa, 1941; the International Civil Aviation Organisation was established, 1947; the North Atlantic Treaty (Nato) was signed in Washington, 1949; a US Air Force transport aircraft carrying orphans from Saigon crashed on take-off from Vietnam, killing 155, 1975.
Today is the Feast Day of Saints Agathopus and Theodulus, St Benedict the Black, St Isidore of Seville, St Plato and St Tigernach.
Missing Malaysia Airlines Flight MH370: Wreckage could be found within a week as search reaches 'very critical juncture', says minister
South Korea ferry disaster: Released transcripts show chaos and confusion in the moments before ferry sinks
Unbeliebable: The White House offer 'no comment' to anti-Justin Bieber petition
Loch Ness Monster found on Apple Maps?
South Korea ferry disaster: Families watch as remains of Sewol victims returned to shore
The food poverty scandal that shames Britain: Nearly 1m people rely on handouts to eat – and benefit reforms may be to blame
Scottish independence: It is the English who should be on their knees, begging the Scots to vote ‘No’
'Sinful': Video of British Muslims dancing to Pharrell Williams's hit Happy comes under attack
Nigel Farage: I’m taking on the status quo, and the Establishment’s fighting back
Abdullah Deghayes: My son was the martyr of a just cause, says father of British teenager killed in Syria conflict
An open letter to Nigel Farage: you may smile, but I am not seduced
- 1 Jose Mourinho: Graceless reaction of Chelsea manager a sad effort to hide his own flaws
- 2 A bottle of wine a day is not bad for you and abstaining is worse than drinking, scientist claims
- 3 Unbeliebable: The White House offer 'no comment' to anti-Justin Bieber petition
- 4 Loch Ness Monster found on Apple Maps?
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