Monday 04 April 1994
Deaths: Alfonso X, King of Castile and Leon, 1284; Frederick II, King of Denmark, 1588; Thomas Churchyard, poet and pamphleteer, 1604; John Napier, mathematician and inventor of logarithms, 1617; Oliver Goldsmith, playwright, 1774; Joseph-Jerome Le Francais de Lalande, astronomer, 1807; Andre Massena, Duc de Rivoli and Prince d'Essling, soldier, 1817; John Campbell, philanthropist and founder of the Religious Tract Society of Scotland, 1840; William Henry Harrison, ninth US President, 1841; Sir William Crookes, physicist and chemist, 1919; Karl Friedrich Benz, automobile engineer, 1929; Andre Michelin, tyre manufacturer, 1931; Ghazi, King of Iraq, 1939; Martin Luther King, clergyman and civil-rights leader, assassinated 1968; Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, former prime minister of Pakistan, executed 1979; Gloria Swanson (Gloria Josephine Mae Swenson), actress, 1983.
On this day: the University of Basle, Switzerland, was founded, 1460; Ignatius of Loyola became the first Superior-General of the Jesuits, 1541; Francis Drake completed his circumnavigation of the world and was knighted by Queen Elizabeth I, 1581; King James II ordered his Declaration of Indulgence to be read in churches, 1687; during the American Civil War, the Battle of Yorktown started, 1862; gold was discovered in the Yukon, 1896; a Chinese republic was proclaimed in Tibet, 1912; the first London performance of the musical show The New Moon was staged, 1929; the dirigible airship Akron crashed off the New Jersey coast, with the loss of 73 lives, 1933; British troops captured Addis Ababa, 1941; the International Civil Aviation Organisation was established, 1947; the North Atlantic Treaty (Nato) was signed in Washington, 1949; a US Air Force transport aircraft carrying orphans from Saigon crashed on take-off from Vietnam, killing 155, 1975.
Today is the Feast Day of Saints Agathopus and Theodulus, St Benedict the Black, St Isidore of Seville, St Plato and St Tigernach.
- 1 Thailand beach murders: Thai PM suggests 'attractive' female tourists cannot expect to be safe wearing bikinis
- 2 Scottish independence: What you shouldn't tweet about if you want to avoid jail today
- 3 Scottish independence: Five reasons Salmond is secretly hoping for a 'No' vote
- 4 Isis plan to 'behead random member of the public' in Sydney thwarted by Australian police
- 5 Scottish independence: Andy Murray backs Yes campaign in eleventh hour decision
Thailand beach murders: Thai PM suggests 'attractive' female tourists cannot expect to be safe wearing bikinis
Scottish independence referendum live: Latest news as Scotland votes Yes or No
Scottish independence: Final opinion polls show undecided voters could swing result either way
Scottish independence: Almost half of No voters have felt 'personally threatened' by the Yes campaign
Isis plan to 'behead random member of the public' in Sydney thwarted by Australian police
Daniele Watts: Django Unchained actress detained by Los Angeles police after being mistaken for a prostitute
The political class is doing what Hitler couldn’t – destroying Britain
Scottish independence referendum: A nation divided against itself
Scottish independence: Nationalist leader Jim Sillars threatens pro-union companies with 'day of reckoning' after independence
Scottish independence: David Cameron is becoming the 'George Bush of Britain'
Russia freezes Ukraine into submission: Kiev admits country doesn't have enough fuel for winter
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