Monday 11 April 1994
Deaths: Llywelyn ap Iorwerth, Prince of Wales, 1240; Donato Bramante (d'Agnolo), architect, 1514; Sir Thomas Wyatt, conspirator, executed 1554; Antoine Coypel, painter, 1661; John Galt, novelist, 1839; Henry James Byron, playwright, actor and editor, 1884; James Anthony Bailey, circus proprietor, 1906; Richard Harding Davis, journalist and novelist, 1916; Luther Burbank, 'plant wizard', 1926; Edgar Jepson, novelist, 1938; Freeman Wills Crofts, detective story writer, 1957; John Henry O'Hara, novelist, 1970; Enver Hoxha, politician, 1985; Erskine Caldwell, novelist, 1987.
On this day: the French were victorious at the Battle of Ravenna, Italy, but their leader, Gaston de Foix, was killed, 1512; Sir Thomas Fairfax was victorious at the Battle of Selby during the English Civil War, 1644; William III and Mary II were crowned joint monarchs, 1689; the Treaty of Utrecht was signed between France and England, ceding Gibraltar and Newfoundland to England, 1713; the Treaty of Fontainebleau was signed, 1814; Napoleon abdicated, and was banished to the Isle of Elba, 1814; Louis XVIII acceded to the throne of France, 1814; Gustav Hamel, aviator, flew from Dover to Dunkirk and back non-stop, 1913; George Bernard Shaw's play Pygmalion opened in London, 1914; the International Labour Organisation was founded, 1919; the Stresa Conference between Britain, France and Italy began, 1935; a heavy 'blitz' air raid was made over Coventry by German aircraft, 1941; President Truman relieved General Douglas MacArthur of his command in the Far East, 1951; the US spacecraft Apollo 13 blasted off from Cape Kennedy, 1971; a skeleton discovered in Berlin was stated to be definitely that of Martin Bormann, Hitler's deputy, 1974; the first London performance of the musical Blood Brothers was staged, 1983; in the Soviet Union, Konstantin Chernenko was named as chief of state, 1984.
Today is the Feast Day of St Barsanuphius, St Gemma Galgani, St Godeberta, St Guthlac, St Isaac of Spoleto and St Stanislaus of Cracow. Today is also the beginning of the Hindu New Year.
- 1 Scottish independence: Learn from Quebec's mistakes and beware of promises. Vote Yes.
- 2 iOS 8 is full of shiny new features - but it's terrible news for app developers
- 3 A bottle of wine a day is not bad for you and abstaining is worse than drinking, scientist claims
- 4 Hitler’s former food taster reveals the horrors of the Wolf’s Lair
- 5 Cocaine and cannabis haul hidden in Vatican car seized by French police
Scottish independence referendum live - The reunited kingdom: Scotland gives a clear 'No' to independence in historic referendum
Archbishop of Canterbury admits doubts about existence of God
Scottish independence: YouGov final prediction puts No campaign 8 points ahead - but Yes team remains optimistic
Scottish independence: Tory revolt against 'devo max' grows as Rail Minister Claire Perry joins
Hitler’s former food taster reveals the horrors of the Wolf’s Lair
Daniele Watts: Django Unchained actress detained by Los Angeles police after being mistaken for a prostitute
Scottish independence referendum: A nation divided against itself
Scottish independence: David Cameron is becoming the 'George Bush of Britain'
Russia freezes Ukraine into submission: Kiev admits country doesn't have enough fuel for winter
Scottish independence: The Queen breaks silence on referendum debate – as think tank warns of £14bn black hole if Scotland votes Yes
Portuguese academic says British are 'filthy, violent and drunk'
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