Anniversaries

Births: Marguerite d'Angouleme, Queen of Navarre, 1492; Sir John Eliot, parliamentarian, 1592; James Parkinson, physician and palaeontologist, discoverer of Parkinson's disease, 1755; George Canning, statesman, 1770; Manuel Jose Quintana, writer and politician, 1772; Edward Everett, clergyman and statesman, 1794; Sir Charles Halle (Carl Halle), pianist and conductor, 1819; Ferdinand Lassalle, socialist, 1825; James Augustus Grant, travel writer and explorer, 1827; Walter James Macqueen-Pope, theatrical historian, 1888; Dean Gooderham Acheson, lawyer and statesman, 1893; Glenway Wescott, novelist and poet, 1901; Norman McLaren, film animator, 1914; Alberto Ginastera, composer, 1916.

Deaths: Llywelyn ap Iorwerth, Prince of Wales, 1240; Donato Bramante (d'Agnolo), architect, 1514; Sir Thomas Wyatt, conspirator, executed 1554; Antoine Coypel, painter, 1661; John Galt, novelist, 1839; Henry James Byron, playwright, actor and editor, 1884; James Anthony Bailey, circus proprietor, 1906; Richard Harding Davis, journalist and novelist, 1916; Luther Burbank, 'plant wizard', 1926; Edgar Jepson, novelist, 1938; Freeman Wills Crofts, detective story writer, 1957; John Henry O'Hara, novelist, 1970; Enver Hoxha, politician, 1985; Erskine Caldwell, novelist, 1987.

On this day: the French were victorious at the Battle of Ravenna, Italy, but their leader, Gaston de Foix, was killed, 1512; Sir Thomas Fairfax was victorious at the Battle of Selby during the English Civil War, 1644; William III and Mary II were crowned joint monarchs, 1689; the Treaty of Utrecht was signed between France and England, ceding Gibraltar and Newfoundland to England, 1713; the Treaty of Fontainebleau was signed, 1814; Napoleon abdicated, and was banished to the Isle of Elba, 1814; Louis XVIII acceded to the throne of France, 1814; Gustav Hamel, aviator, flew from Dover to Dunkirk and back non-stop, 1913; George Bernard Shaw's play Pygmalion opened in London, 1914; the International Labour Organisation was founded, 1919; the Stresa Conference between Britain, France and Italy began, 1935; a heavy 'blitz' air raid was made over Coventry by German aircraft, 1941; President Truman relieved General Douglas MacArthur of his command in the Far East, 1951; the US spacecraft Apollo 13 blasted off from Cape Kennedy, 1971; a skeleton discovered in Berlin was stated to be definitely that of Martin Bormann, Hitler's deputy, 1974; the first London performance of the musical Blood Brothers was staged, 1983; in the Soviet Union, Konstantin Chernenko was named as chief of state, 1984.

Today is the Feast Day of St Barsanuphius, St Gemma Galgani, St Godeberta, St Guthlac, St Isaac of Spoleto and St Stanislaus of Cracow. Today is also the beginning of the Hindu New Year.

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