Friday 22 April 1994
Deaths: John Tradescant, gardener, 1662; James Hargreaves, inventor of the spinning jenny, 1778; John Crome, landscape painter, 1821; Thomas Rowlandson, cartoonist, 1827; Richard Trevithick, steam engineer, 1833; Victor-Antoine-Edouard Lalo, composer, 1892; William Stubbs, historian and bishop, 1901; Sir Henry Campbell- Bannerman, statesman, 1908; John Passmore Edwards, newspaper proprietor and philanthropist, 1911; Jeppe Aakjaer, poet and novelist, 1930; Frederick Henry Royce, motor-car pioneer, 1933; Sir Francis (Frank) Job Short, engraver and painter, 1945; Ignatius Roy Dunnachie Campbell, poet, 1957; Basil Dean, actor, manager and playwright, 1978; Ansel Easton Adams, photographer, 1984.
On this day: Pedro Alvarez de Cabral reached Brazil and claimed it for Portugal, 1500; the Royal Society was incorporated, 1662; Napoleon defeated the Piedmontese at the Battle of Mondovi,1796; the Baltic Exchange, London founded (as the Baltic Club), 1823; St Helena became a Crown Colony, 1834; the packet ship Sirius crossed the Atlantic for the first time under continuous steam power, the voyage taking 18 days, 10 hours, 1838; the first parliament in South Australia opened, 1857; the US blockaded Cuba to aid the independence forces, 1898; the second Battle of Ypres began, when poison gas was used for the first time by Germany, 1915; British forces made a raid on Zeebrugge, 1918; the London Conference met, and the great powers signed the Naval Reduction Treaty, limiting submarines and aircraft carriers, 1930; Allied forces landed in New Guinea, 1944; the New York World's Fair opened, 1964; the army in Greece effected a coup, and martial law was declared, 1967; Robin Knox-Johnston sailed into Falmouth after a 312-day non-stop voyage, 1969.
Today is the Feast Day of St Agipatus I, pope, Saints Epipodius and Alexander, St Leonides of Alexandria, St Opportuna and St Theodore of Sykeon.
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