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Births: (St) Louis IX, King of France, 1214; Oliver Cromwell, Lord Protector of England, 1599; Sir Mark Isambard Brunel, engineer and inventor, 1769; Walter de la Mare, poet and novelist, 1873; Guglielmo Marconi, radio pioneer, 1874.

Deaths: Leon Battista degli Alberti, architect, sculptor, writer and musician, 1472; Anders Celsius, inventor of the centigrade thermometer, 1744; Johann Karl Friedrich Zollner, astrophysicist, 1882; Sir Carol Reed, film director, 1976; Dame Celia Johnson, actress, 1982.

On this day: the guillotine was first erected in Paris, 1792; construction of the Suez Canal began, 1859; British, French, Australian and New Zealand forces landed at the Gallipoli peninsula, Turkey, 1915.

Today is Anzac Day and the Feast Day of St Anianus of Alexandria, St Heribald and St Mark the Evangelist.