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Births: Pope Leo XII, 1760; Claude-Achille Debussy, composer, 1862; Jacques Lipchitz, painter and sculptor, 1891; Dorothy Parker (Rothschild), writer, 1893; Leni (Helene Bertha Amalie) Riefenstahl, actress, film producer and photographer, 1902.

Deaths: Pope Gregory IX, 1241; Philip VI, King of France, 1350; Richard III, King, killed at Bosworth Field 1485; Jean-Honore Fragonard, painter, 1806; Warren Hastings, first governor-

general of India, 1818; George Shillibeer, pioneer of London's first bus service, 1866; 'Lord' John Sanger, circus entrepreneur, 1889; Michael Collins, Irish nationalist leader, killed in ambush 1922; Jomo Kenyatta (Kamau), Kenyan leader, 1978.

On this day: Richard III was defeated by Henry VII's men at the Battle of Bosworth Field, 1485; New Mexico was annexed by the US, 1846; Korea was annexed by Japan, 1910; the first regular BBC television service began, 1932; following a change in the licensing laws, public houses in England and Wales were allowed to stay open all day, 1988.

Today is the Feast Day of St Andrew of Fiesole, St John Kemble, St Sigfrid of Wearmouth, St Symphorian and St Timothy.