Anniversaries

Births: Robert Burton, author and scholar, 1577; Giovanni Francesco Barbieri (Il Guercino), painter, 1591; Samuel Butler, poet, 1612; Pierre-Daniel Huet, bishop and scholar, 1630; Jean-Andre Deluc, meteorologist, 1727; Andre- Erneste-Modeste Gretry, composer, 1741; Johann Bernhard Logier, composer and writer, 1780; August Joseph Norbert Burgmuller, composer, 1810; Wilhelm Camphausen, painter, 1818; John Ruskin, writer, artist and art critic, 1819; William Tecumseh Sherman, general, 1820; Henry Walter Bates, naturalist and explorer, 1825; Jules Verne, novelist, 1828; Martin Buber, religious philosopher, 1878; Dame Edith Mary Evans, actress, 1888; King Wallis Vidor, film director, 1894; Tunku Abdul Rahman, first prime minister of Malaya, 1903; Chester Floyd Carlson, inventor of Xerox copying, 1906; James Dean (James Byron), actor, 1931.

Deaths: Mary, Queen of Scots, beheaded 1587; Giuseppe Torelli, composer, 1709; Peter the Great, Tsar of Russia, 1725; Moritz von Schwind, painter, 1871; David Friedrich Strauss, philosopher, theologian and biographer, 1874; Robert Michael Ballantyne, author of books for boys, 1894; Prince Peter Alekseyevich Kropotkin, anarchist and geographer, 1921; William Bateson, biologist and geneticist, 1926; Max Liebermann, painter and etcher, 1935; Prince Nicholas of Greece, 1938; John Langstraw Austin, philosopher, 1960; Sir Victor Gollancz, publisher and writer, 1967.

On this day: Catherine I became Empress of Russia in succession to Peter the Great, 1725; the Great Frost of London ended, 1740; the Morning Advertiser newspaper was first published, 1794; looting and riots broke out after a peaceable demonstration in Trafalgar Square by the unemployed, 1886; the film Birth of a Nation by DW Griffiths was first shown, 1915; 374 lives were lost after the French cruiser Admiral Charner was torpedoed off the Syrian coast, 1916; in the Soviet Union, Malenkov resigned and was succeeded by NA Bulganin, 1955; in Angola, 14 British mercenaries were executed by firing squad, 1976.

Today is the Feast Day of St Cuthman, St Elfleda, St Jerome Emiliani, St John of Matha, St Meingold, St Nicetius or Nizier of Besancon and St Stephen of Muret.

Start your day with The Independent, sign up for daily news emails
Latest stories from i100
Have you tried new the Independent Digital Edition apps?
Independent Dating
and  

By clicking 'Search' you
are agreeing to our
Terms of Use.

iJobs Job Widget
iJobs People

Guru Careers: Graduate Resourcer / Recruitment Account Executive

£18k + Bonus: Guru Careers: We are seeking a bright, enthusiastic and internet...

Reach Volunteering: Chair and trustees sought for YMCA Bolton

VOLUNTARY ONLY - EXPENSES REIMBURSED: Reach Volunteering: Bolton YMCA is now a...

Tradewind Recruitment: Geography Teacher

£150 - £180 per day: Tradewind Recruitment: Geography Teacher Geography teach...

Tradewind Recruitment: Geography Teacher

£150 - £180 per day: Tradewind Recruitment: Geography Teacher Geography teach...

Day In a Page

On your feet! Spending at least two hours a day standing reduces the risk of heart attacks, cancer and diabetes, according to new research

On your feet!

Spending half the day standing 'reduces risk of heart attacks and cancer'
Liverpool close in on Milner signing

Liverpool close in on Milner signing

Reds baulk at Christian Benteke £32.5m release clause
With scores of surgeries closing, what hope is there for the David Cameron's promise of 5,000 more GPs and a 24/7 NHS?

The big NHS question

Why are there so few new GPs when so many want to study medicine?
Big knickers are back: Thongs ain't what they used to be

Thongs ain't what they used to be

Big knickers are back
Thurston Moore interview

Thurston Moore interview

On living in London, Sonic Youth and musical memoirs
In full bloom

In full bloom

Floral print womenswear
From leading man to Elephant Man, Bradley Cooper is terrific

From leading man to Elephant Man

Bradley Cooper is terrific
In this the person to restore our trust in the banks?

In this the person to restore our trust in the banks?

Dame Colette Bowe - interview
When do the creative juices dry up?

When do the creative juices dry up?

David Lodge thinks he knows
The 'Cher moment' happening across fashion just now

Fashion's Cher moment

Ageing beauty will always be more classy than all that booty
Thousands of teenage girls enduring debilitating illnesses after routine school cancer vaccination

Health fears over school cancer jab

Shock new Freedom of Information figures show how thousands of girls have suffered serious symptoms after routine HPV injection
Fifa President Sepp Blatter warns his opponents: 'I forgive everyone, but I don't forget'

'I forgive everyone, but I don't forget'

Fifa president Sepp Blatter issues defiant warning to opponents
Extreme summer temperatures will soon cause deaths of up to 1,700 more Britons a year, says government report

Weather warning

Extreme summer temperatures will soon cause deaths of up to 1,700 more Britons a year, says government report
LSD: Speaking to volunteer users of the drug as trials get underway to see if it cures depression and addiction

High hopes for LSD

Meet the volunteer users helping to see if it cures depression and addiction
German soldier who died fighting for UK in Battle of Waterloo should be removed from museum display and given dignified funeral, say historians

Saving Private Brandt

A Belgian museum's display of the skeleton of a soldier killed at Waterloo prompts calls for him to be given a dignified funeral