Anniversaries

TODAY

Births: Ivan III (the Great), Grand Duke of Muscovy, 1440; Sir Francis Bacon, Viscount St Albans, statesman and lawyer, 1561; Sir Robert Bruce Cotton, antiquary, 1571; Nicolas Lancret, painter, 1690; Gotthold Ephraim Lessing, author, 1729; Vincenzo Righini, singer and composer, 1756; Manuel del Popolo Vicente Rodriguez Garcia, tenor and composer, 1775; George Gordon Byron, sixth Baron Byron, poet, 1788; Eugen Adam, painter, 1817; Paul- Vidal de la Blache, geographer, 1845; August Strindberg, playwright, 1849; Beatrice Potter Webb, social reformer, 1858; David Wark Griffith, silent-film producer and director, 1875; Lev Davidovich Landau, physicist, 1908; U Thant, Secretary-General of the United Nations, 1909.

Deaths: William Paterson, financier and founder of the Bank of England, 1719; Horace-Benedict de Saussure, geologist, 1799; William Westall, landscape painter, 1850; Charles Kean, actor-manager, 1868; Carlo Pellegrini ('Ape'), cartoonist, 1889; David Edward Hughes, inventor of the teleprinter and microphone, 1900; Queen Victoria, 1901; Robert Brough, painter, killed in a railway disaster 1905; George Jacob Holyoake, secularist and reformer, 1906; Pope Benedict XV, 1922; Walter Richard Sickert, painter, 1942; Marc Blitzstein, composer, 1964; Lyndon Baines Johnson, statesman, 1973; Herbert Sutcliffe, cricketer, 1978; Walter McLennan Citrine, first Baron Citrine, trade-union leader and statesman, 1983; Sir Arthur Bryant, historian, 1985.

On this day: the Falkland Islands were ceded to Britain by Spain, 1771; British troops were massacred by the Zulus at Isandhlwana, 1879; Edward VII acceded to the throne, 1901; the Hay- Herran Pact was concluded, under which the United States acquired the Panama Canal, 1903; 120,000 citizens marched on the Winter Palace in St Petersburg, only to be fired upon, 'Bloody Sunday' 1905; Ramsay MacDonald, the first Labour prime minister, took office, 1924; the first broadcast of a football match took place (Arsenal v Sheffield United) at Highbury, London, 1927; the Empire Theatre, Leicester Square, London, was demolished, 1927; Britain, Irish Republic and Denmark joined the Common Market, 1972; a ceasefire agreement was concluded in the Lebanon, 1976.

Today is the Feast Day of St Anastasius the Persian, St Berhtwald of Ramsbury, St Blesilla, St Dominic of Sora, St Vincent Pallotti and St Vincent of Saragossa.

TOMORROW

Births: Philipp Jakob Spener, protestant theologian, 163; Muzio Clementi, composer, 1752; Stendhal (Henri-Marie Beyle), novelist, 1783; Thomas Henry Weist Hill, violinist, 1828; Edouard Manet, painter, 1832; Benoit- Constant Coquelin, actor, 1841; Antoinette Sterling, contralto, 1850; Rutland Boughton, composer, 1878; Gilbert Ledward, sculptor, 1888; Sergei Mikhailovich Eisenstein, film director, 1898.

Deaths: Otto III, Holy Roman Emperor, 1002; William Baffin, explorer, 1622; John Cleland, author of Fanny Hill, 1789; William Pitt the Younger, statesman, 1806; John Field, pianist and composer, 1837; Julius Charles Hare, archdeacon and scholar, 1855; Thomas Love Peacock, novelist and poet, 1866; Charles Kingsley, poet and novelist, 1875; Louis-Christophe-Gustave-Paul Dore, artist, 1883; Eugene- Marin Labiche, playwright and farceur, 1888; Alexandre Cabanel, painter, 1889; William Whiteley, department- store owner, shot dead 1907; Anna Pavlova, ballerina, 1931; Charles Benjamin Bright M'Laren, first Baron Aberconway, politician, 1934; Dame Clara Ellen Butt, contralto, 1936; Edvard Munch, painter, 1944; Pierre Bonnard, painter and designer, 1947; Sir Alexander Korda (Sandor Laszlo Korda), film producer, 1956; Edward 'Kid' Ory, jazz musician, 1973; Paul Bustill Robeson, actor and singer, 1976; Frank Owen, editor and journalist, 1979; Sir Emile Littler, theatrical impresario, 1985.

On this day: the Royal Exchange, London, was opened by Queen Elizabeth I, 1571; the Treaty of Utrecht was signed, 1579; the Principality of Liechtenstein was constituted, 1719; Fletcher Christian and the Bounty mutineers landed on Pitcairn Island, 1790; the Battle of Spion Kop was fought during the Boer War, 1900; the musical show Our Miss Gibbs was first performed, London 1909; the show trial of Karl Radek and other alleged Trotskyists was held in Moscow, 1937; the bathyscaphe Trieste designed by Professor Piccard descended to a depth of 35,800ft in the Pacific Ocean, 1960; the proceedings of the House of Lords were televised for the first time, 1985.

Tomorrow is the Feast Day of St Asclas, St Bernard of Vienne, Saints Clement and Agathangelus, St Emerentiana, St Ildephonsus, St John the Almsgiver, St Lufthildis and St Maimbod.

PROMOTED VIDEO
News
ebooksAn unforgettable anthology of contemporary reportage
Latest stories from i100
Have you tried new the Independent Digital Edition apps?
Independent Dating
and  

By clicking 'Search' you
are agreeing to our
Terms of Use.

iJobs Job Widget
iJobs People

HR Manager - Kent - £45,000

£40000 - £45000 per annum: Ashdown Group: HR Manager / Training Manager (L&D /...

HR Manager - Edgware, London - £45,000

£40000 - £45000 per annum + Benefits: Ashdown Group: HR Manager - Edgware, Lon...

HR Manager - London - £40,000 + bonus

£32000 - £40000 per annum + bonus: Ashdown Group: HR Manager (Generalist) -Old...

Talent Manager / HR Manager - central London - £50,000

£45000 - £50000 per annum: Ashdown Group: Talent / Learning & Development Mana...

Day In a Page

A roller-coaster tale from the 'voice of a generation'

Not That Kind of Girl:

A roller-coaster tale from 'voice of a generation' Lena Dunham
London is not bedlam or a cradle of vice. In fact it, as much as anywhere, deserves independence

London is not bedlam or a cradle of vice

In fact it, as much as anywhere, deserves independence
Vivienne Westwood 'didn’t want' relationship with Malcolm McLaren

Vivienne Westwood 'didn’t want' relationship with McLaren

Designer 'felt pressured' into going out with Sex Pistols manager
Jourdan Dunn: Model mother

Model mother

Jordan Dunn became one of the best-paid models in the world
Apple still coolest brand – despite U2 PR disaster

Apple still the coolest brand

Despite PR disaster of free U2 album
Scottish referendum: The Yes vote was the love that dared speak its name, but it was not to be

Despite the result, this is the end of the status quo

Boyd Tonkin on the fall-out from the Scottish referendum
Manolo Blahnik: The high priest of heels talks flats, Englishness, and why he loves Mary Beard

Manolo Blahnik: Flats, Englishness, and Mary Beard

The shoe designer who has been dubbed 'the patron saint of the stiletto'
The Beatles biographer reveals exclusive original manuscripts of some of the best pop songs ever written

Scrambled eggs and LSD

Behind The Beatles' lyrics - thanks to Hunter Davis's original manuscript copies
'Normcore' fashion: Blending in is the new standing out in latest catwalk non-trend

'Normcore': Blending in is the new standing out

Just when fashion was in grave danger of running out of trends, it only went and invented the non-trend. Rebecca Gonsalves investigates
Dance’s new leading ladies fight back: How female vocalists are now writing their own hits

New leading ladies of dance fight back

How female vocalists are now writing their own hits
Mystery of the Ground Zero wedding photo

A shot in the dark

Mystery of the wedding photo from Ground Zero
His life, the universe and everything

His life, the universe and everything

New biography sheds light on comic genius of Douglas Adams
Save us from small screen superheroes

Save us from small screen superheroes

Shows like Agents of S.H.I.E.L.D are little more than marketing tools
Reach for the skies

Reach for the skies

From pools to football pitches, rooftop living is looking up
These are the 12 best hotel spas in the UK

12 best hotel spas in the UK

Some hotels go all out on facilities; others stand out for the sheer quality of treatments