Anniversaries

TODAY

Births: Ivan III (the Great), Grand Duke of Muscovy, 1440; Sir Francis Bacon, Viscount St Albans, statesman and lawyer, 1561; Sir Robert Bruce Cotton, antiquary, 1571; Nicolas Lancret, painter, 1690; Gotthold Ephraim Lessing, author, 1729; Vincenzo Righini, singer and composer, 1756; Manuel del Popolo Vicente Rodriguez Garcia, tenor and composer, 1775; George Gordon Byron, sixth Baron Byron, poet, 1788; Eugen Adam, painter, 1817; Paul- Vidal de la Blache, geographer, 1845; August Strindberg, playwright, 1849; Beatrice Potter Webb, social reformer, 1858; David Wark Griffith, silent-film producer and director, 1875; Lev Davidovich Landau, physicist, 1908; U Thant, Secretary-General of the United Nations, 1909.

Deaths: William Paterson, financier and founder of the Bank of England, 1719; Horace-Benedict de Saussure, geologist, 1799; William Westall, landscape painter, 1850; Charles Kean, actor-manager, 1868; Carlo Pellegrini ('Ape'), cartoonist, 1889; David Edward Hughes, inventor of the teleprinter and microphone, 1900; Queen Victoria, 1901; Robert Brough, painter, killed in a railway disaster 1905; George Jacob Holyoake, secularist and reformer, 1906; Pope Benedict XV, 1922; Walter Richard Sickert, painter, 1942; Marc Blitzstein, composer, 1964; Lyndon Baines Johnson, statesman, 1973; Herbert Sutcliffe, cricketer, 1978; Walter McLennan Citrine, first Baron Citrine, trade-union leader and statesman, 1983; Sir Arthur Bryant, historian, 1985.

On this day: the Falkland Islands were ceded to Britain by Spain, 1771; British troops were massacred by the Zulus at Isandhlwana, 1879; Edward VII acceded to the throne, 1901; the Hay- Herran Pact was concluded, under which the United States acquired the Panama Canal, 1903; 120,000 citizens marched on the Winter Palace in St Petersburg, only to be fired upon, 'Bloody Sunday' 1905; Ramsay MacDonald, the first Labour prime minister, took office, 1924; the first broadcast of a football match took place (Arsenal v Sheffield United) at Highbury, London, 1927; the Empire Theatre, Leicester Square, London, was demolished, 1927; Britain, Irish Republic and Denmark joined the Common Market, 1972; a ceasefire agreement was concluded in the Lebanon, 1976.

Today is the Feast Day of St Anastasius the Persian, St Berhtwald of Ramsbury, St Blesilla, St Dominic of Sora, St Vincent Pallotti and St Vincent of Saragossa.

TOMORROW

Births: Philipp Jakob Spener, protestant theologian, 163; Muzio Clementi, composer, 1752; Stendhal (Henri-Marie Beyle), novelist, 1783; Thomas Henry Weist Hill, violinist, 1828; Edouard Manet, painter, 1832; Benoit- Constant Coquelin, actor, 1841; Antoinette Sterling, contralto, 1850; Rutland Boughton, composer, 1878; Gilbert Ledward, sculptor, 1888; Sergei Mikhailovich Eisenstein, film director, 1898.

Deaths: Otto III, Holy Roman Emperor, 1002; William Baffin, explorer, 1622; John Cleland, author of Fanny Hill, 1789; William Pitt the Younger, statesman, 1806; John Field, pianist and composer, 1837; Julius Charles Hare, archdeacon and scholar, 1855; Thomas Love Peacock, novelist and poet, 1866; Charles Kingsley, poet and novelist, 1875; Louis-Christophe-Gustave-Paul Dore, artist, 1883; Eugene- Marin Labiche, playwright and farceur, 1888; Alexandre Cabanel, painter, 1889; William Whiteley, department- store owner, shot dead 1907; Anna Pavlova, ballerina, 1931; Charles Benjamin Bright M'Laren, first Baron Aberconway, politician, 1934; Dame Clara Ellen Butt, contralto, 1936; Edvard Munch, painter, 1944; Pierre Bonnard, painter and designer, 1947; Sir Alexander Korda (Sandor Laszlo Korda), film producer, 1956; Edward 'Kid' Ory, jazz musician, 1973; Paul Bustill Robeson, actor and singer, 1976; Frank Owen, editor and journalist, 1979; Sir Emile Littler, theatrical impresario, 1985.

On this day: the Royal Exchange, London, was opened by Queen Elizabeth I, 1571; the Treaty of Utrecht was signed, 1579; the Principality of Liechtenstein was constituted, 1719; Fletcher Christian and the Bounty mutineers landed on Pitcairn Island, 1790; the Battle of Spion Kop was fought during the Boer War, 1900; the musical show Our Miss Gibbs was first performed, London 1909; the show trial of Karl Radek and other alleged Trotskyists was held in Moscow, 1937; the bathyscaphe Trieste designed by Professor Piccard descended to a depth of 35,800ft in the Pacific Ocean, 1960; the proceedings of the House of Lords were televised for the first time, 1985.

Tomorrow is the Feast Day of St Asclas, St Bernard of Vienne, Saints Clement and Agathangelus, St Emerentiana, St Ildephonsus, St John the Almsgiver, St Lufthildis and St Maimbod.

Start your day with The Independent, sign up for daily news emails
  • Get to the point
Latest stories from i100
Have you tried new the Independent Digital Edition apps?
Independent Dating
and  

By clicking 'Search' you
are agreeing to our
Terms of Use.

iJobs Job Widget
iJobs People

Recruitment Genius: Production & Quality Control Assistant

£19000 - £21000 per annum: Recruitment Genius: An excellent opportunity for a ...

Ashdown Group: Group HR Advisor - Kettering - £32,000

£28000 - £32000 per annum: Ashdown Group: Group HR Advisor with an established...

Guru Careers: HR Manager / HR Generalist

£40 - 50k (DOE) + Bonus: Guru Careers: We are seeking a HR Manager / HR Genera...

Recruitment Genius: Human Resources Officer

£24000 - £28000 per annum: Recruitment Genius: This role will cover all areas ...

Day In a Page

The saffron censorship that governs India: Why national pride and religious sentiment trump freedom of expression

The saffron censorship that governs India

Zareer Masani reveals why national pride and religious sentiment trump freedom of expression
Prince Charles' 'black spider' letters to be published 'within weeks'

Prince Charles' 'black spider' letters to be published 'within weeks'

Supreme Court rules Dominic Grieve's ministerial veto was invalid
Distressed Zayn Malik fans are cutting themselves - how did fandom get so dark?

How did fandom get so dark?

Grief over Zayn Malik's exit from One Direction seemed amusing until stories of mass 'cutting' emerged. Experts tell Gillian Orr the distress is real, and the girls need support
The galaxy collisions that shed light on unseen parallel Universe

The cosmic collisions that have shed light on unseen parallel Universe

Dark matter study gives scientists insight into mystery of space
The Swedes are adding a gender-neutral pronoun to their dictionary

Swedes introduce gender-neutral pronoun

Why, asks Simon Usborne, must English still struggle awkwardly with the likes of 's/he' and 'they'?
Disney's mega money-making formula: 'Human' remakes of cartoon classics are part of a lucrative, long-term creative plan

Disney's mega money-making formula

'Human' remakes of cartoon classics are part of a lucrative, long-term creative plan
Lobster has gone mainstream with supermarket bargains for £10 or less - but is it any good?

Lobster has gone mainstream

Anthea Gerrie, raised on meaty specimens from the waters around Maine, reveals how to cook up an affordable feast
Easter 2015: 14 best decorations

14 best Easter decorations

Get into the Easter spirit with our pick of accessories, ornaments and tableware
Paul Scholes column: Gareth Bale would be a perfect fit at Manchester United and could turn them into serious title contenders next season

Paul Scholes column

Gareth Bale would be a perfect fit at Manchester United and could turn them into serious title contenders next season
Inside the Kansas greenhouses where Monsanto is 'playing God' with the future of the planet

The future of GM

The greenhouses where Monsanto 'plays God' with the future of the planet
Britain's mild winters could be numbered: why global warming is leaving UK chillier

Britain's mild winters could be numbered

Gulf Stream is slowing down faster than ever, scientists say
Government gives £250,000 to Independent appeal

Government gives £250,000 to Independent appeal

Donation brings total raised by Homeless Veterans campaign to at least £1.25m
Oh dear, the most borrowed book at Bank of England library doesn't inspire confidence

The most borrowed book at Bank of England library? Oh dear

The book's fifth edition is used for Edexcel exams
Cowslips vs honeysuckle: The hunt for the UK’s favourite wildflower

Cowslips vs honeysuckle

It's the hunt for UK’s favourite wildflower
Child abuse scandal: Did a botched blackmail attempt by South African intelligence help Cyril Smith escape justice?

Did a botched blackmail attempt help Cyril Smith escape justice?

A fresh twist reveals the Liberal MP was targeted by the notorious South African intelligence agency Boss