Anniversaries

TODAY

Births: Emanuel Swedenborg, scientist and philosopher, 1688; Daniel Bernoulli, mathematician, 1700; Thomas Paine, writer and reformer, 1737; William McKinley, 25th US President, 1843; Sir Ebenezer Howard, garden cities originator, 1850; Anton Pavlovich Chekhov, author and playwright, 1860; Frederick Delius, composer, 1862; Sir William Rothenstein, artist, 1872; The Duke of Abruzzi (Luigi Amadeo), explorer, 1873; WC Fields (William Claude Dukinfield), comedian, 1880.

Deaths: Pope Gelasius II, 1119; King George III, 1820; Edward Lear, writer and landscape painter, 1888; Sir William Withey Gull, physician, 1890; Alfred Sisley, landscape painter, 1899; Evelyn Baring, first Earl of Cromer, diplomat, 1917; Elihu Vedder, painter, 1923; Douglas, first Earl Haig, field marshal, 1928; Ioannis Metaxas, Greek statesman and general, 1941; Bion Joseph Arnold, electrical engineer and industrialist, 1942; Henry Louis Mencken, writer, 1956; Angela Margaret Thirkell, novelist, 1961; Robert Lee Frost, poet, 1963; Alan Ladd, actor, 1964; Jimmy (James Francis) Durante, comedian, 1980.

On this day: the Reform Parliament opened, 1833; Greenwich Mean Time was adopted in Scotland, 1848; the Victoria Cross was founded, 1856; the first bombing of Paris by Zeppelins took place, 1916; Desert Island Discs was first broadcast, 1942.

Today is the Feast Day of St Gildas the Wise, St Sabinian of Troyes and St Sulpicius 'Severus'.

TOMORROW

Births: Charles Rollin, historian, 1661; Johann Joachim Quantz, flautist and composer, 1697; Walter Savage Landor, author, 1775; Francis Herbert Bradley, philosopher, 1846; Sir Edward Seymour George Hicks, actor-manager and author, 1871; Angela Margaret Thirkell, novelist, 1891; Franklin Delano Roosevelt, 32nd US President, 1882; Olof Sven Joachim Palme, prime minister of Sweden, 1927.

Deaths: Sir Everard Digby, Thomas Winter, John Grant and Thomas Bates, Gunpowder Plot conspirators, executed 1606; William Chillingworth, controversial theologian, 1644; King Charles I, executed 1649; Georges de La Tour, painter, 1652; John Robison, chemist, physicist and writer, 1805; Charles Bradlaugh, radical and reformer, 1891; Frank Nelson Doubleday, publisher and editor, 1934; Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, Indian leader, assassinated 1948; Orville Wright, aviation pioneer, 1948; Francis-Jean-Marcel Poulenc, composer and pianist, 1963; King Mahendra of Nepal, 1972; Stanley Holloway, actor and vocalist, 1982; Queen Alexandra of Yugoslavia, 1993.

On this day: the Commonwealth of England was established, 1649; Mungo Park began his second African voyage, 1805; the Menai Suspension Bridge, built by Telford, was opened, 1826; all trade with Britain was forbidden by the Emperor of China, 1840; Adolf Hitler was appointed Chancellor of Germany, 1933; the state funeral of Sir Winston Churchill took place, 1965; Pakistan left the British Commonwealth, 1972.

Tomorrow is the Feast Day of St Adelelmus or Aleaume, St Aldegundis, St Barsimaeus, St Bathildis, St Hyacintha Mariscotti and St Martina.

Latest stories from i100
Have you tried new the Independent Digital Edition apps?
Independent Dating
and  

By clicking 'Search' you
are agreeing to our
Terms of Use.

iJobs Job Widget
iJobs People

Geography Teacher

£85 - £140 per day: Randstad Education Cheshire: We require a teacher of Geogr...

HR Assistant / Human Resources Assistant

£Neg + Excellent Benefits: Guru Careers: An HR Assistant / Human Resources Ass...

Talent Community Coordinator

£Neg + Excellent Benefits: Guru Careers: A Talent Community Coordinator is nee...

Business Support - Banking - Halifax - £250 pd

£150 - £250 per day: Orgtel: HR Analyst - Banking - HR - Halifax - £150 - £250...

Day In a Page

The children were playing in the street with toy guns. The air strikes were tragically real

The air strikes were tragically real

The children were playing in the street with toy guns
Boozy, ignorant, intolerant, but very polite – The British, as others see us

Britain as others see us

Boozy, ignorant, intolerant, but very polite
Countries that don’t survey their tigers risk losing them altogether

Countries that don’t survey their tigers risk losing them

Jonathon Porritt sounds the alarm
How did our legends really begin?

How did our legends really begin?

Applying the theory of evolution to the world's many mythologies
Watch out: Lambrusco is back on the menu

Lambrusco is back on the menu

Naff Seventies corner-shop staple is this year's Aperol Spritz
A new Russian revolution: Cracks start to appear in Putin’s Kremlin power bloc

A new Russian revolution

Cracks start to appear in Putin’s Kremlin power bloc
Eugene de Kock: Apartheid’s sadistic killer that his country cannot forgive

Apartheid’s sadistic killer that his country cannot forgive

The debate rages in South Africa over whether Eugene de Kock should ever be released from jail
Standing my ground: If sitting is bad for your health, what happens when you stay on your feet for a whole month?

Standing my ground

If sitting is bad for your health, what happens when you stay on your feet for a whole month?
Commonwealth Games 2014: Dai Greene prays for chance to rebuild after injury agony

Greene prays for chance to rebuild after injury agony

Welsh hurdler was World, European and Commonwealth champion, but then the injuries crept in
Israel-Gaza conflict: Secret report helps Israelis to hide facts

Patrick Cockburn: Secret report helps Israel to hide facts

The slickness of Israel's spokesmen is rooted in directions set down by pollster Frank Luntz
The man who dared to go on holiday

The man who dared to go on holiday

New York's mayor has taken a vacation - in a nation that has still to enforce paid leave, it caused quite a stir, reports Rupert Cornwell
Best comedians: How the professionals go about their funny business, from Sarah Millican to Marcus Brigstocke

Best comedians: How the professionals go about their funny business

For all those wanting to know how stand-ups keep standing, here are some of the best moments
The Guest List 2014: Forget the Man Booker longlist, Literary Editor Katy Guest offers her alternative picks

The Guest List 2014

Forget the Man Booker longlist, Literary Editor Katy Guest offers her alternative picks
Jokes on Hollywood: 'With comedy film audiences shrinking, it’s time to move on'

Jokes on Hollywood

With comedy film audiences shrinking, it’s time to move on