Saturday 29 January 1994
Births: Emanuel Swedenborg, scientist and philosopher, 1688; Daniel Bernoulli, mathematician, 1700; Thomas Paine, writer and reformer, 1737; William McKinley, 25th US President, 1843; Sir Ebenezer Howard, garden cities originator, 1850; Anton Pavlovich Chekhov, author and playwright, 1860; Frederick Delius, composer, 1862; Sir William Rothenstein, artist, 1872; The Duke of Abruzzi (Luigi Amadeo), explorer, 1873; WC Fields (William Claude Dukinfield), comedian, 1880.
Deaths: Pope Gelasius II, 1119; King George III, 1820; Edward Lear, writer and landscape painter, 1888; Sir William Withey Gull, physician, 1890; Alfred Sisley, landscape painter, 1899; Evelyn Baring, first Earl of Cromer, diplomat, 1917; Elihu Vedder, painter, 1923; Douglas, first Earl Haig, field marshal, 1928; Ioannis Metaxas, Greek statesman and general, 1941; Bion Joseph Arnold, electrical engineer and industrialist, 1942; Henry Louis Mencken, writer, 1956; Angela Margaret Thirkell, novelist, 1961; Robert Lee Frost, poet, 1963; Alan Ladd, actor, 1964; Jimmy (James Francis) Durante, comedian, 1980.
On this day: the Reform Parliament opened, 1833; Greenwich Mean Time was adopted in Scotland, 1848; the Victoria Cross was founded, 1856; the first bombing of Paris by Zeppelins took place, 1916; Desert Island Discs was first broadcast, 1942.
Today is the Feast Day of St Gildas the Wise, St Sabinian of Troyes and St Sulpicius 'Severus'.
Births: Charles Rollin, historian, 1661; Johann Joachim Quantz, flautist and composer, 1697; Walter Savage Landor, author, 1775; Francis Herbert Bradley, philosopher, 1846; Sir Edward Seymour George Hicks, actor-manager and author, 1871; Angela Margaret Thirkell, novelist, 1891; Franklin Delano Roosevelt, 32nd US President, 1882; Olof Sven Joachim Palme, prime minister of Sweden, 1927.
Deaths: Sir Everard Digby, Thomas Winter, John Grant and Thomas Bates, Gunpowder Plot conspirators, executed 1606; William Chillingworth, controversial theologian, 1644; King Charles I, executed 1649; Georges de La Tour, painter, 1652; John Robison, chemist, physicist and writer, 1805; Charles Bradlaugh, radical and reformer, 1891; Frank Nelson Doubleday, publisher and editor, 1934; Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, Indian leader, assassinated 1948; Orville Wright, aviation pioneer, 1948; Francis-Jean-Marcel Poulenc, composer and pianist, 1963; King Mahendra of Nepal, 1972; Stanley Holloway, actor and vocalist, 1982; Queen Alexandra of Yugoslavia, 1993.
On this day: the Commonwealth of England was established, 1649; Mungo Park began his second African voyage, 1805; the Menai Suspension Bridge, built by Telford, was opened, 1826; all trade with Britain was forbidden by the Emperor of China, 1840; Adolf Hitler was appointed Chancellor of Germany, 1933; the state funeral of Sir Winston Churchill took place, 1965; Pakistan left the British Commonwealth, 1972.
Tomorrow is the Feast Day of St Adelelmus or Aleaume, St Aldegundis, St Barsimaeus, St Bathildis, St Hyacintha Mariscotti and St Martina.
- 1 Tamir Rice: 12-year-old boy playing with fake gun dies after being shot by Ohio police
- 2 To help fuel their propaganda machine against the poor, our government has now decided to redefine the word 'welfare'
- 3 Black Friday 2014: Opening hours for John Lewis, Asda, PC World, GAME and Argos
- 4 Bill Cosby: Isn’t it obvious why his accusers have stayed silent up until now?
- 5 Jeremy Hunt: 'I took my children to A&E because I didn't want to wait for GP appointment'
Tamir Rice: 12-year-old boy playing with fake gun dies after being shot by Ohio police
Sarah Vine on Jack Monroe being a lesbian mother: 'If she was unsure about her sexuality, she should have taken greater precautions'
Black Friday 2014: Opening hours for John Lewis, Asda, PC World, GAME and Argos
Michael Brown shooting: Ten things we know – or know better – now the Ferguson grand jury's work is over
Ferguson riots: The most powerful images to emerge from protests over Michael Brown killing
Rochester by-election: Ukip gains second MP as Tory defector Mark Reckless holds seat
'Beast of Bolsover' Dennis Skinner takes Ukip MP Mark Reckless to task moments after he is sworn in
Rochester by-election: Labour MP Emily Thornberry resigns after posting white van and England flags tweet
The young are the new poor: Sharp increase in number of under-25s living in poverty, while over-65s are better off than ever
Revealed: How the world gets rich – from privatising British public services
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