Saturday 29 January 1994
Births: Emanuel Swedenborg, scientist and philosopher, 1688; Daniel Bernoulli, mathematician, 1700; Thomas Paine, writer and reformer, 1737; William McKinley, 25th US President, 1843; Sir Ebenezer Howard, garden cities originator, 1850; Anton Pavlovich Chekhov, author and playwright, 1860; Frederick Delius, composer, 1862; Sir William Rothenstein, artist, 1872; The Duke of Abruzzi (Luigi Amadeo), explorer, 1873; WC Fields (William Claude Dukinfield), comedian, 1880.
Deaths: Pope Gelasius II, 1119; King George III, 1820; Edward Lear, writer and landscape painter, 1888; Sir William Withey Gull, physician, 1890; Alfred Sisley, landscape painter, 1899; Evelyn Baring, first Earl of Cromer, diplomat, 1917; Elihu Vedder, painter, 1923; Douglas, first Earl Haig, field marshal, 1928; Ioannis Metaxas, Greek statesman and general, 1941; Bion Joseph Arnold, electrical engineer and industrialist, 1942; Henry Louis Mencken, writer, 1956; Angela Margaret Thirkell, novelist, 1961; Robert Lee Frost, poet, 1963; Alan Ladd, actor, 1964; Jimmy (James Francis) Durante, comedian, 1980.
On this day: the Reform Parliament opened, 1833; Greenwich Mean Time was adopted in Scotland, 1848; the Victoria Cross was founded, 1856; the first bombing of Paris by Zeppelins took place, 1916; Desert Island Discs was first broadcast, 1942.
Today is the Feast Day of St Gildas the Wise, St Sabinian of Troyes and St Sulpicius 'Severus'.
Births: Charles Rollin, historian, 1661; Johann Joachim Quantz, flautist and composer, 1697; Walter Savage Landor, author, 1775; Francis Herbert Bradley, philosopher, 1846; Sir Edward Seymour George Hicks, actor-manager and author, 1871; Angela Margaret Thirkell, novelist, 1891; Franklin Delano Roosevelt, 32nd US President, 1882; Olof Sven Joachim Palme, prime minister of Sweden, 1927.
Deaths: Sir Everard Digby, Thomas Winter, John Grant and Thomas Bates, Gunpowder Plot conspirators, executed 1606; William Chillingworth, controversial theologian, 1644; King Charles I, executed 1649; Georges de La Tour, painter, 1652; John Robison, chemist, physicist and writer, 1805; Charles Bradlaugh, radical and reformer, 1891; Frank Nelson Doubleday, publisher and editor, 1934; Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, Indian leader, assassinated 1948; Orville Wright, aviation pioneer, 1948; Francis-Jean-Marcel Poulenc, composer and pianist, 1963; King Mahendra of Nepal, 1972; Stanley Holloway, actor and vocalist, 1982; Queen Alexandra of Yugoslavia, 1993.
On this day: the Commonwealth of England was established, 1649; Mungo Park began his second African voyage, 1805; the Menai Suspension Bridge, built by Telford, was opened, 1826; all trade with Britain was forbidden by the Emperor of China, 1840; Adolf Hitler was appointed Chancellor of Germany, 1933; the state funeral of Sir Winston Churchill took place, 1965; Pakistan left the British Commonwealth, 1972.
Tomorrow is the Feast Day of St Adelelmus or Aleaume, St Aldegundis, St Barsimaeus, St Bathildis, St Hyacintha Mariscotti and St Martina.
- 1 Benedict Cumberbatch says Hollywood is better for black British actors
- 2 Man who held up 'hire me' sign at Waterloo station returns a year later with 'I'm hiring' sign
Rowan Atkinson to sell £10 million McLaren 'supercar' he crashed into a tree and a lamppost
UK weather: Snow to fall in the coming week with sub-zero temperatures to last until early February
Saudi preacher who 'raped and tortured' his five -year-old daughter to death is released after paying 'blood money'
US blames Russia after rocket attacks in Ukraine kill at least 30
Warriors in ancient Iraq suffered Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder more than 3,000 years ago, say researchers
Nigel Farage: NHS might have to be replaced by private health insurance
'We would evict Queen from Buckingham Palace and allocate her council house,' say Greens
French court convicts three over homophobic tweets, in case hailed as a 'significant victory' by LGBT rights campaigners
George Galloway condemns 'racist, Islamophobic, hypocritical rag' Charlie Hebdo at freedom of speech rally
British Muslim school children suffering a backlash of abuse following Paris attacks
Islamic history is full of free thinkers - but recent attempts to suppress critical thought are verging on the absurd
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