Births: Inigo Jones, architect, 1573; Rembrandt Harmenszoon van Rijn, painter, 1606; John Barnett (Beer), composer, 1802; Sir Henry Cole, promoter of the Great Exhibition of 1851 and founder of the South Kensington Museum, 1808; Benno Adam, animal painter, 1812; Dame Marie Tempest (Marie Susan Etherington), actress, 1864; Alfred Charles William Harmsworth, first Viscount Northcliffe, newspaper proprietor, 1865; Noel Gay (Richard Moxon Armitage), composer, 1898; Dorothy Fields, lyricist, 1905.

Deaths: Vladimir I, Prince of Kiev, 1015; James Scott, Duke of Monmouth, illegitimate son of Charles II, executed 1685; Karl Czerny, pianist and composer, 1857; William H. Bonney (alias Henry McCarty, or 'Billy the Kid'), outlaw, shot by Sheriff Pat Garrett 1881; 'General Tom Thumb' (Charles Sherwood Stratton), a 40-inch-tall dwarf in Barnum's circus, 1883; Anton Pavlovich Chekhov, playwright and author, 1904; Sir Percy Scott Worthington, architect, 1939; Paul William Gallico, writer, 1976; Margaret Mary Lockwood, actress, 1990.

On this day: Jerusalem was captured by the Crusaders, 1099; the Royal Society was granted a royal charter, 1662; the 'Marseillaise' was adopted as the French national anthem, 1795; margarine was patented by Hippolyte Mege-Mouries of Paris, 1869; social insurance came into effect in Britain, 1912; Alcoholics Anonymous was founded in Britain, 1948; Archbishop Makarios was deposed as president of Cyprus in a coup by Greek officers of the Cyprus National Guard, 1974.

Today is the Feast Day of St Athanasius of Naples, St Barhadbesaba, St Bonaventure, St David of Munktorp, St Donald, St Edith of Polesworth, St Pompilio Pirrotti, St Swithin and St Vladimir of Kiev.