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Births: Petrarch (Francesco Petrarca), scholar, lyric poet and humanist, 1304; John Augustin Daly, playwright and theatrical manager, 1838; Max Liebermann, painter and etcher, 1847; Alberto Santos-Dumont, aviator, 1873; Sir John Charles Walsham Reith, first Baron, first director-general of the BBC, 1889; Theda Bara (Theodosia Goodman), actress, 1890.

Deaths: Professor John Playfair, mathematician and geologist, 1819; Sir Richard Wallace, founder of the Wallace Collection, 1890; Andrew Lang, scholar, poet and fairy-tale editor, 1912; Guglielmo Marconi, inventor, 1937; Paul Valery, poet and philosopher, 1945; Iain Norman Macleod, statesman, 1970.

On this day: Euston Station, London, opened, 1837; the XIth Olympic Games opened in Berlin, 1936; at a meeting in Rastenburg, Germany, Colonel von Stauffenburg attempted to assassinate Hitler by planting a bomb, 1944; in Indo-China, an armistice was signed under which Vietnam was divided into North and South, 1954; the musical Stop the World - I Want to Get Off was first produced, London 1961; 10 soldiers were killed after IRA bombs exploded in Hyde Park and Regent's Park, London, 1982.

Today is the Feast Day of St Ansegisus, St Aurelius of Carthage, St Elias of Jerusalem, St Flavian of Antioch, St Gregory Lopez, St Joseph Barsabas the Just, St Margaret of Antioch, St Wilgefortis or Liberata, St Wulmar.