Births: Joseph I, Holy Roman Emperor, 1678; Sir Richard Wallace, founder of the Wallace Collection, 1818; George Bernard Shaw, playwright, 1856; Carl Gustav Jung, psychologist, 1875; Andre Maurois (Emile Salomon Wilhelm Herzog), author, 1885; Georg Grosz, expressionist artist, 1893; Aldous Leonard Huxley, novelist, 1894; Robert Ranke Graves, poet, 1895; Charles Butterworth, film actor, 1896; Paul William Gallico, writer, 1897; Salvador Allende Gossens, statesman, 1908.

Deaths: Pope Paul II, 1471; Pablo de Cespedes, poet, painter, sculptor and architect, 1608; John Wilmot, second Earl of Rochester, poet, 1680; Gerard Audran, artist and engraver, 1703; Otto I, King of Greece, 1867; George Borrow, writer, 1881; Sir James Augustus Henry Murray, lexicographer, 1915; Sir Edward John Poynter, painter, 1919; William Jennings Bryan, lawyer and politician, 1925; Benjamin Lee Whorf, linguist and anthropologist, 1941.

On this day: the Lancastrians defeated the Yorkists at the Battle of Banbury (Edgecote), 1469; New York became the 11th of the United States, 1788; Liberia was proclaimed an independent republic, 1847; Lionel Rothschild was the first Jewish MP (elected 1847) to take his seat in Parliament, 1858; the Royal Assent was given to the Bill disestablishing the Irish Church, 1869; the London Evening News newspaper was first published, 1881; Wagner's opera Parsifal was first performed, Bayreuth 1882; the (Federal) Bureau of Investigation was inaugurated, 1908; a rising by the Irish took place in Dublin, 1914; the Treaty of Trianon, between the Allied Powers and Hungary came into force, 1921; the Labour Party came to power after the General Election, 1945; the Suez Canal was nationalised by Egypt, 1956; the 29,000-ton Italian liner Andrea Doria sank after colliding with the 11,600-ton Swedish liner Stockholm, 1956; Prince Charles was created Prince of Wales by the Queen, 1958; the Maldive Islands became independent, 1965.

Today is the Feast Day of St Anne, St Bartholomea Capitanio, St Joachim and St Simeon the Armenian.