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Births: Robert Cecil, first Earl of Salisbury, statesman, 1563; Ferdinando Paer, composer, 1771; Mikhail Ivanovich Glinka, composer, 1803; Otto I, King of Greece, 1815; John Edward Masefield, poet and novelist, 1878; Marilyn Monroe (Norma Jean Mortenson), actress, 1926.

Deaths: Marcus Didius Salvius Julianus, Roman emperor, murdered 193; Cornelius Huysmans, painter, 1727; Sir David Wilkie, painter, 1841; Louis Napoleon, Prince Imperial of France, killed in the Zulu War 1879; Sir Hugh Seymour Walpole, novelist, 1941; John Gunther, journalist, 1970.

On this day: the Act of Settlement, regulating succession to the throne, was passed, 1701; Sir James Clark Ross located the magnetic North Pole, 1831; the Pharmaceutical Society of Great Britain was founded, 1841; lunch was served on the first Pullman train on a British railway which ran from St Pancras to Bedford, 1874; the first Zeppelin air raid took place over Britain, 1915; a combined television and radio licence was introduced in Britain, 1946; the first Premium Bonds were drawn, 1957; General Charles de Gaulle became prime minister of France, 1958; the monarchy was abolished in Greece, and George Papadopoulos became the first president of the republic, 1973.

Today is the Feast Day of St Candida or Wite, St Caprasius of Lerins, St Inigo or Eneco, St Justin, St Pamphilus of Caesarea, St Proculus the Bishop, St Proculus the Soldier, St Simeon of Syracuse, St Theobald of Alba and St Wistan.