Anniversaries

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The Independent Online
Births: John Tyler, 10th US President, 1790; Edward George Stanley, 14th Earl of Derby, statesman, 1799; Sir Henry Bartle Edward Frere, colonial administrator, 1815; Wilhelmina (Wilma) Maria Francisca Norman-Neruda (Lady Halle), violinist, 1839; Sir Edwin Landseer Lutyens, architect, 1869; Dora de Houghton Carrington, artist, 1893; Sir William Turner Walton, composer, 1902.

Deaths: Emanuel Swedenborg (Svedberg), scientist and philosopher, 1772; Charles Wesley, writer of hymns, 1788; Gustavus III, King of Sweden, after being shot by an assassin on 16 March 1792; Jean, Marquis de Condorcet, philosopher and politician, 1794; Mrs Maria Anne Fitzherbert, mistress (and 'illegal' wife) of George IV, 1837; John Keble, theologian, 1866; Georges-Pierre Seurat, Impressionist painter, 1891; Robert Falcon Scott, Arctic explorer, 1912; Sir Charles Villiers Stanford, composer, 1924; Joyce Cary (Arthur Joyce Tunel Cary), novelist, 1957; Vera Mary Brittain, author, 1970; Raymond William Postgate, historian and novelist, 1971; Joseph Arthur, first Baron Rank, cinema magnate, 1972; Annunzio Paolo Mantovani, musician, 1980.

On this day: at the Battle of Towton, Yorkshire, Henry VI of Lancaster was defeated, 1461; the Punjab was annexed by Britain, 1849; the Ionian Islands were ceded to Greece by Britain, 1864; the Royal Albert Hall was opened by Queen Victoria, 1871; Tchaikovsky's opera Eugene Onegin was first performed, Moscow 1879; the magazine Horse and Hound was first published, 1884; Richmond Park, near London, was opened to the public, 1904; Marshal Foch was made commander-in-chief of the Allied armies in France, 1918; the last flying bomb fell in England, 1945; Redoutable, the first French nuclear submarine, was launched by President de Gaulle, 1967; in Georgia, United States, Lt William Calley was found guilty of murdering 22 civilians at My Lai, Vietnam, and received a life sentence, 1971; the last US troops left Vietnam, 1973; the first close-up pictures of Mercury were taken by the US spacecraft Mariner 10, 1974.

Today is the Feast Day of Saints Armogastes, Masculas, Achinimus and Saturus, St Berthold, St Cyril of Heliopolis, St Gundleus or Woolo, St Gwladys, Saints Jonas, Barachisius and Others, St Mark of Arethusa and St Rupert of Salzburg.

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