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Births: Maimonides (Moses ben Maimon), philosopher, 1135; Francisco Jose de Goya y Lucientes, painter, 1746; Angelo Catelani, conductor and composer, 1811; Paul Verlaine, poet, 1844; Vincent van Gogh, painter, 1853; Sean O'Casey, playwright and writer, 1880; Melanie Klein (Reizes), child psychologist, 1882; Jo Davidson, sculptor, 1883; Joyce Carey, actress, 1898.

Deaths: George Bryan 'Beau' Brummel, dandy and leader of fashion, 1840; Marie-Louise Anne-Elisabeth Vigee- Lebrun, painter, 1842; John Caldwell Calhoun, statesman, 1850; James Cagney, actor, 1986.

On this day: the English parliament enacted the New England Restriction Act, which forbade the colonies of New England to trade with anyone except England, 1775; the Treaty of Paris was signed, ending the Crimean War between Russia on one side and England, France, Turkey and Sardinia on the other, 1856; a treaty for the purchase of Alaska from Russia for the sum of dollars 7.2m was submitted to the US Senate, 1867; the US Embassy in Saigon, Vietnam, was blown up by the Vietcong, killing 13 people, 1966; in Washington DC, President Reagan was shot in the chest by John W. Hinckley Jnr, 1981.

Today is the Feast Day of St John Climacus, St Leonard Murialdo, St Ludolf, St Osburga, St Rieul or Regulus and St Zosimus of Syracuse.