Anniversaries

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The Independent Online
Births: Samuel Taylor Coleridge, poet and author, 1772; Alphonse-Marie Louis de Prat de Lamartine, poet and statesman, 1790; Alfred Bernhard Nobel, industrialist and founder of the Nobel Prizes, 1833; Leonard Rossiter, actor, 1926.

Deaths: Pietro Aretino, satirist, 1556; Edmund Waller, poet, 1687; Samuel Foote, actor and playwright, 1777; Horatio, first Viscount Nelson, killed at Trafalgar 1805; George Frederick Bodley, architect, 1907; Jack (Jean-Louis Lebris de) Kerouac, poet and novelist, 1969.

On this day: the Franco-Spanish fleet was defeated at the Battle of Trafalgar, 1805; Joseph Aspdin patented Portland cement, 1824; Offenbach's opera Orpheus in the Underworld was first produced, Paris 1858; the present building of the Savoy Theatre, London, was opened, 1929; a slag heap collapsed at Aberfan, South Wales, killing 140 people, 1966; Willy Brandt was elected as Chancellor of West Germany, 1969.

Today is the Feast Day of St Condedus, St Fintan or Munnu of Taghmon, St Hilarion, St John of Bridlington, St Malchus and St Tuda.

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