Wednesday 14 September 1994
Deaths: St Cyprian, Bishop of Carthage and historian, beheaded 258; St John Chrysostom ('Golden Mouth'), teacher, 407; Dante (Durante) Alighieri, poet, 1321; Robert Devereux, third Earl of Essex, soldier, 1646; Nicolas Lancret, painter, 1743; James Fenimore Cooper, novelist, 1851; Arthur Wellesley, first Duke of Wellington, soldier and statesman, 1852; Augustus Welby Northmore Pugin, architect, 1852; Friedrich Theodor Vischer, writer on art, 1887; William McKinley, 25th US president, after being shot 1901; Isadora Duncan, dancer, killed in a car crash 1927; Dame Madge Kendall, actress, 1935; Tomas Garrigue Masaryk, first president of Czechoslovakia, 1937; Algernon Talmage, painter, 1939; Princess Grace of Monaco (Grace Kelly), after a car crash 1982; Janet Gaynor (Laura Gainor), actress, 1984.
On this day: the English defeated the Scots at the Battle of Homildon-hill, 1402; Francis I of France reconquered Milan in a victory over the Swiss at the Battle of Marignano, 1515; the Gregorian calendar was adopted in Britain, when 3 September became 14 September, 1752; Napoleon and his army entered Moscow, 1812; Francis Scott Key composed the poem 'The Star-Spangled Banner', 1814; the Treaty of Adrianople, ending the Russo-Turkish war, was signed, 1829; the Senate of Hawaii ratified the Treaty of Annexation with the United States, 1897; Miguel Primo de Rivera became dictator of Spain, 1923; the Graf Zeppelin II, airship, made her maiden flight, 1938; the first space machine landed on the moon, the Soviet Lunik II, 1959; Pope Paul VI canonised Elizabeth Ann Bayley Seton, the first native-born US saint, 1975.
Today is the Feast Day of St Maternus of Cologne and St Notburga.
The legendary human rights activist, OBE, started her 70 year career working with Holocaust survivors. Colin Firth & Emma Thompson pay tribute
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