Friday 30 April 1993
Deaths: John Tzerclaes, Count of Tilly, soldier, 1632; James Montgomery, journalist, poet and hymn-writer, 1854; Sir Henry Rowley Bishop, composer, 1855; Robert Fitzroy, admiral and hydrographer, 1865; Sarah Josepha Hale (Buell), editor, and poet for children, 1879; Edouard Manet, Impressionist painter, 1883; Jens Peter Jacobsen, poet and novelist, 1885; Carl August Nicolas Rosa, operatic impresario, 1889; William Henry Welch, pathologist, 1934; Alfred Edward Housman, poet and scholar, 1936; Edwin Stanton Porter, film director, 1941; Beatrice Webb, writer and socialist, 1943; Adolf Hitler, dictator, committed suicide 1945; Eva Braun, mistress of Adolf Hitler, committed suicide, 1945; Sir Almroth Wright, bacteriologist, 1947; George Balanchine, choreographer, 1983; Muddy Waters (McKinley Morganfield), rhythm and blues singer, 1983; Sir John William Max Aitken, newspaper publisher, 1985. On this day: under an Edict issued by Galerius Valerius Maximianus, Christians were legally recognised by the Roman Empire, 311; General George Washington was inaugurated as first US President, 1789; the Louisiana Purchase was made, when the US purchased the Louisiana Territory from France, 1803; John Luther ('Casey') Jones, immortalised in song, was killed when his Cannonball express crashed into a freight train near Vaughn, Mississippi, 1900; Hawaii became a US territory, 1900; Debussy's opera Pelleas et Melisande was first performed, Paris 1902; the World Fair opened in St Louis, 1904; the New York World's Fair opened, 1939; the Organisation of American States was founded, 1948; the first London performance of the musical show My Fair Lady was staged, 1958; the first London production of the comic operetta Candide was staged, 1959; the Brighton Belle train made its last journey from Victoria to Brighton, 1972; four of President Nixon's top aides resigned over Watergate charges, 1973; the South Vietnamese government surrendered to the Vietcong, 1975; more than 125,000 people died following a cyclone in the coastal areas of Bangladesh, 1991.
Today is the Feast Day of St Eutropius of Saintes, St Forannan, St Gualfardus or Wolfhard, Saints Marianus, James and Others, St Maximus of Ephesus and St Pius V, pope.
- 1 Michelle Rodriguez: Fast & Furious actor apologises after telling 'minorities' to stop taking on 'white' roles
- 2 Raif Badawi, the Saudi Arabian blogger sentenced to 1,000 lashes, may now face the death penalty
- 3 PornHub turns masturbation into energy in bid to save the planet
- 4 Robert Mugabe eats a zoo for 'obscene' 91st birthday party
- 5 The remarkable archaeological underwater discovery that could open up a new chapter in the study of European and British prehistory
Michelle Rodriguez: Fast & Furious actor apologises after telling 'minorities' to stop taking on 'white' roles
British are sexually uptight, dirty and drink too much – according to Spanish book
Raif Badawi, the Saudi Arabian blogger sentenced to 1,000 lashes, may now face the death penalty
PornHub turns masturbation into energy in bid to save the planet
White and gold or blue and black – what colour is the dress? An eyewitness gives a definitive answer
New theory could prove how life began and disprove God
This is what it's like to be dead, according to a guy who died for a bit
'Cash for access' scandal: Sir Malcolm Rifkind says 'unrealistic' for MPs to live on £67,000 salary
'Jihadi John': CAGE representative storms off Sky News accusing Kay Burley of Islamophobia
Ukip would cut billions from Scottish budget to fund English tax cuts
Russia's roadmap for annexing eastern Ukraine 'leaked from Vladimir Putin's office'
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