Tuesday 31 August 1993
Deaths: Henry V, King, 1422; John Bunyan, author, 1688; Sir Arthur Phillip, first Governor of New South Wales, 1814; Ferdinand Lassalle (Lassal), socialist, killed in a duel, 1864; Charles-Pierre Baudelaire, poet, 1867; Sir Harry Hamilton Johnston, explorer and administrator, 1927; Sir Thomas Henry Hall Caine, novelist, 1931; Harley Granville Barker, actor, playwright and critic, 1946; Georges Braque, Cubist painter, 1963; Rocky Marciano (Rocco Marchegiano), heavyweight boxer, killed in an air crash, 1969; John Ford (Sean O'Feeney), film director, 1973; Norman Eric Kirk, New Zealand prime minister, 1974; Urho Kaleva Kekkonen, president of Finland, 1986; Henry Moore, sculptor, 1986.
On this day: Henry VI, acceded as King at the age of nine months, 1422; at the Battle of Flores, Sir Richard Grenville engaged the whole Spanish Fleet in the Revenge, but was captured and later died, 1591; Mary Anne 'Polly' Nichols, a prostitute, was found dead in Whitechapel, London, the first victim of Jack the Ripper, 1888; the musical show Chu Chin Chow was first performed, London, 1916; women and children were evacuated from London, 1939; Malaya became independent, 1957; Trinidad and Tobago became independent, 1962; a South Korean airliner was shot down by the Sobviet Union, killing 269 people aboard, 1983; over 1,000 people died in a tropical storm in the Philippines, 1984.
Today is the Feast Day of St Aidan of Lindisfarne, St Paulinus of Trier, St Raymond Nonnatus and The Servite Martyrs of Prague.
Geoffrey Macnab reviews American Hustle, also starring Christian Bale and Bradley Cooper
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