Anniversaries

Births: Giovanni Battista Guarini, poet, 1538; Thomas Holcroft, translator and playwright, 1745; Cesar-Auguste Franck, composer, 1822; George MacDonald, poet and novelist, 1824; Emily Elizabeth Dickinson, poet, 1830; Melvil Dewey, inventor of the library cataloguing system, 1851; Ernest Howard Shepard, illustrator of Winnie the Pooh, 1879; Lew Brown (Louis Brownstein), song writer, 1893; Mary Pearson Norton, children's author (of The Borrowers), 1903; Antonin Novotny, political leader, 1904; Olivier Messiaen, composer and organist, 1908.

Deaths: Paolo Uccello (Paolo di Dono), painter, 1475; Tommaso Grossi, poet and novelist, 1853; Dr Thomas Southwood Smith, sanitary reformer, 1861; Leopold I, King of the Belgians, 1865; Alfred Bernhard Nobel, industrialist and philanthropist, 1896; Sir Joseph Dalton Hooker, botanist, 1911; Charles Rennie Mackintosh, architect, painter and art nouveau pioneer, 1928; Luigi Pirandello, playwright and novelist, 1936; Alfred Damon Runyon, writer, 1946.

On this day: the Gregorian calendar was adopted in France, 1582; Mississippi became the 20th of the United States, 1817; the first pneumatic tyres were patented by Robert Thomson, 1845; Louis Napoleon was elected President of France by a large majority, 1848; the United States and Spain signed a Peace Treaty in Paris, 1898; Cuba became independent of Spain, 1898; the first Nobel Prizes were awarded, 1901; the Aswan Dam in Egypt was opened, 1902; the National Farmers' Union was founded in London, 1908; Puccini's opera La Fanciulla del West was first produced, New York, 1910; Piccadilly underground station was opened in London, 1928; King Edward VIII abdicated, and became Duke of Windsor, 1936; the Royal Naval battleships Prince of Wales and Repulse were sunk by Japanese aircraft, 1941; the United Nations General Assembly issued the Declaration of Human Rights, 1948; Zanzibar became independent, 1963; Concorde made its first scheduled flight from London to Singapore, 1977.

Today is the Feast Day of St Edmund Gerhings, St Eulalia of Merida, St Eustace White, St Gregory III, pope, St John Roberts, Saints Mannas, Hermogenes and Eugraphus, St Melchiades or Miltiades, St Polydore Plaaden and St Swithin Wells.

Start your day with The Independent, sign up for daily news emails
Latest stories from i100
Have you tried new the Independent Digital Edition apps?
Independent Dating
and  

By clicking 'Search' you
are agreeing to our
Terms of Use.

iJobs Job Widget
iJobs People

Guru Careers: Graduate Resourcer / Recruitment Account Executive

£18k + Bonus: Guru Careers: We are seeking a bright, enthusiastic and internet...

Reach Volunteering: Chair and trustees sought for YMCA Bolton

VOLUNTARY ONLY - EXPENSES REIMBURSED: Reach Volunteering: Bolton YMCA is now a...

Tradewind Recruitment: Geography Teacher

£150 - £180 per day: Tradewind Recruitment: Geography Teacher Geography teach...

Tradewind Recruitment: Geography Teacher

£150 - £180 per day: Tradewind Recruitment: Geography Teacher Geography teach...

Day In a Page

Abuse - and the hell that came afterwards

Abuse - and the hell that follows

James Rhodes on the extraordinary legal battle to publish his memoir
Why we need a 'tranquility map' of England, according to campaigners

It's oh so quiet!

The case for a 'tranquility map' of England
'Timeless fashion': It may be a paradox, but the industry loves it

'Timeless fashion'

It may be a paradox, but the industry loves it
If the West needs a bridge to the 'moderates' inside Isis, maybe we could have done with Osama bin Laden staying alive after all

Could have done with Osama bin Laden staying alive?

Robert Fisk on the Fountainheads of World Evil in 2011 - and 2015
New exhibition celebrates the evolution of swimwear

Evolution of swimwear

From bathing dresses in the twenties to modern bikinis
Sun, sex and an anthropological study: One British academic's summer of hell in Magaluf

Sun, sex and an anthropological study

One academic’s summer of hell in Magaluf
From Shakespeare to Rising Damp... to Vicious

Frances de la Tour's 50-year triumph

'Rising Damp' brought De la Tour such recognition that she could be forgiven if she'd never been able to move on. But at 70, she continues to flourish - and to beguile
'That Whitsun, I was late getting away...'

Ian McMillan on the Whitsun Weddings

This weekend is Whitsun, and while the festival may no longer resonate, Larkin's best-loved poem, lives on - along with the train journey at the heart of it
Kathryn Williams explores the works and influences of Sylvia Plath in a new light

Songs from the bell jar

Kathryn Williams explores the works and influences of Sylvia Plath
How one man's day in high heels showed him that Cannes must change its 'no flats' policy

One man's day in high heels

...showed him that Cannes must change its 'flats' policy
Is a quiet crusade to reform executive pay bearing fruit?

Is a quiet crusade to reform executive pay bearing fruit?

Dominic Rossi of Fidelity says his pressure on business to control rewards is working. But why aren’t other fund managers helping?
The King David Hotel gives precious work to Palestinians - unless peace talks are on

King David Hotel: Palestinians not included

The King David is special to Jerusalem. Nick Kochan checked in and discovered it has some special arrangements, too
More people moving from Australia to New Zealand than in the other direction for first time in 24 years

End of the Aussie brain drain

More people moving from Australia to New Zealand than in the other direction for first time in 24 years
Meditation is touted as a cure for mental instability but can it actually be bad for you?

Can meditation be bad for you?

Researching a mass murder, Dr Miguel Farias discovered that, far from bringing inner peace, meditation can leave devotees in pieces
Eurovision 2015: Australians will be cheering on their first-ever entrant this Saturday

Australia's first-ever Eurovision entrant

Australia, a nation of kitsch-worshippers, has always loved the Eurovision Song Contest. Maggie Alderson says it'll fit in fine